Dipterocarpus

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Dipterocarpus
Dipterocarpus retusus - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-054.jpg
Dipterocarpus retusus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Dipterocarpaceae
Genus: Dipterocarpus
C.F.Gaertn.
Species

See text

Dipterocarpus is a genus of flowering plants and the type genus of family Dipterocarpaceae.

Dipterocarpus are the third largest and most diverse genus among Dipterocarpaceae. They are well-known for timber, but less acknowledged for its medicinal importance.[1] The genus has about 70 species,[2] occurring in Southeast Asia. It is an important component of dipterocarp forests. Its generic name comes from Greek and means "two-winged fruits".

The greatest diversity of Dipterocarpus species occurs on Borneo, with many endemic to the island.

Uses[edit]

The genus is of considerable importance as timber trees, sold under the trade name Keruing, although not as important as Shorea species. Dipterocarpus turbinatus, Gurjan, is a major commercial timber species found in the Andaman islands. Gurjan wood is very important for making plywood.

Phytochemistry and Pharmacology[edit]

Phytochemically genus Dipterocarpus has reported to contain resin, coumarin and dammar. The Resveratrol class of compounds is one of the major chemical constituent in this genus. Dipterocarpus species showed Anti-AIDS, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-oxidant activities. Therapeutically important species in this genus are Dipterocarpus obtusifolius Teijsm ex Miq because it may have cured against AIDS[1]

Selected species[edit]

Species include:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aslam, Muhammad Shahzad, Muhammad Syarhabil Ahmad, and Awang Soh Mamat. A PHYTOCHEMICAL, ETHNO MEDICINAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW OF GENUS DIPTEROCARPUS, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science, Volume 7, issue 4, pp. 27-38
  2. ^ a b "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 

External links[edit]