Data Retention Directive

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European Union European Union directive:
Directive 2006/24/EC
Directive on the retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks
Made by European Parliament & Council
Made under Article 95 TEC
Journal reference L 105, pp. 54-63
History
Made 15 March 2006
Came into force 3 May 2006
Preparative texts
Other legislation
Amends Directive 2002/58/EC
Status: Unknown

The Data Retention Directive, more formally "Directive 2006/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks and amending Directive 2002/58/EC" was a Directive issued by the European Union and related to telecommunications data retention. According to the directive, member states will have to store citizens' telecommunications data for a minimum of 6 months and at most 24 months. Under the directive the police and security agencies will be able to request access to details such as IP address and time of use of every email, phone call and text message sent or received. A permission to access the information will be granted only by a court. On 8 April 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union declared the Directive invalid in response to a case brought by Digital Rights Ireland against the Irish authorities and others.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

In September 2005, during the UK's presidency of the European Council, a plenary session was held concerning the retention of telecommunications data, chaired by the Home Secretary.[4] This led to an agreement reached by the Council at its meeting on the 1st and 2nd of December that was then adopted in March 2006, under the Austrian presidency.[5]

Implementation[edit]

Romania[edit]

The EU directive has been transposed into Romanian law as well, initially as Law 298/2008.[6] However, the Constitutional Court of Romania subsequently struck down the law in 2009 as violating constitutional rights.[7] The court held that the transposing act violated the constitutional rights of privacy, of confidentiality in communications, and of free speech.[8] The European Commission has subsequently sued Romania in 2011 for non-implementation, threatening Romania with a fine of 30,000 euros per day.[9] The Romanian parliament passed a new law in 2012, which was signed by president Traian Băsescu in June.[10] The Law 82/2012 has been nicknamed "Big Brother" (using the untranslated English expression) by various Romanian non-governmental organizations opposing it.[9][11][12] On July 8th 2014 this law too was declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of Romania.[13]

Criticism[edit]

The Data Retention Directive has sparked serious concerns from physicians, journalists, privacy and human rights groups, unions, IT security firms and legal experts.[14]

In 2013 the Advocate General of the European Court of Justice opined that the directive is incompatible with Article 7 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.[15]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ECJ Press Release in Digital Rights Ireland Data Retention case" (PDF). Court of Justice of the European Union. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Case number C-293/12". Court of Justice of the European Union. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Judgment of the ECJ in Digital Rights Ireland data retention challenge". EUR-Lex. Official Journal of the European Union. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Justice and Home Affairs Informal". 2005-09-09. Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  5. ^ "PRESS RELEASE, 2709th Council Meeting, Justice and Home Affairs". 2006-02-21. p. 2. Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  6. ^ "CE solicită României să transpună integral normele UE în privinţa păstrării datelolor | Romania Libera". Romanialibera.ro. 2011-08-16. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  7. ^ "The Legality of the Data Retention Directive in Light of the Fundamental Rights to Privacy and Data Protection | Feiler | European Journal of Law and Technology". Ejlt.org. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  8. ^ Romanian Constitutional Court Decision no.1258 of Oct. 8, 2009, Official Gazette no. 798 of Nov. 23, 2009.In: http://ejlt.org//article/view/29/75
  9. ^ a b "Traian Basescu a promulgat asa numita 'lege Big Brother' care prevede stocarea pentru sase luni a datelor de trafic ale tuturor utilizatorilor de telefonie si internet - Telecom - HotNews.ro". Economie.hotnews.ro. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  10. ^ "EC drops case against Romania as data retention law passes". Telecompaper. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  11. ^ "Preşedintele a promulgat "Legea Big Brother"". adevarul.ro. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  12. ^ "Legea Big Brother a intrat in vigoare! Operatorii de telefonie si internet vor putea stoca o serie de date ale abonatilor". Avocatnet.ro. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  13. ^ "Legea ”Big Brother”, prin care furnizorii de telefonie şi internet erau obligaţi să reţină date ale abonaţilor, declarată neconstituţională". mediafax.ro. Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  14. ^ Joint letter of 22 June 2010 to Cecilia Malmström, European Commissioner for Home Affairs, Viviane Reding, European Commission Vice-President with responsibility for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship and Neelie Kroes, European Commission Vice-President with responsibility for the Digital Agenda. (PDF, 88,5 kB)
  15. ^ "According to the Advocate General, Mr Cruz Villalón, the Data Retention Directive is incompatible with the Charter of Fundamental Rights". Court of Justice of the European Communities. 2013. 

External links[edit]