Directory of the Northern Ireland Troubles

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The following directory lists and provides links to articles about the Troubles.

Main articles[edit]

Paramilitaries[edit]

Anti-terrorist laws in both Ireland and the UK proscribe (ban) membership of a number of republican and loyalist groups organised in Northern Ireland. Several other smaller paramilitary factions have appeared throughout the Troubles as well as cover-names used to deflect responsibility for attacks.

Note: In this context, operational refers to the period during which the 'official' paramilitary campaign was conducted.

Republicans[edit]

Name Initials Operational
Saor Éire 1967–1975
Provisional Irish Republican Army PIRA 1970–2005
Official Irish Republican Army OIRA 1970–1972
Irish National Liberation Army INLA 1974–2009
Irish People's Liberation Organisation IPLO 1986–1992
Continuity Irish Republican Army CIRA 1994–
Real Irish Republican Army RIRA 1997–
Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group) ONH 2009-

Umbrella groups

Loyalists[edit]

Name Initials Operational
Ulster Protestant Volunteers UPV 1966–1969
Ulster Volunteer Force
Red Hand Commando
UVF
RHC
1966–2007
1972–2007
Ulster Defence Association
Ulster Freedom Fighters
UDA
UFF
1971–2007
Ulster Resistance UR 1986–?
Loyalist Volunteer Force LVF 1996–2005
Orange Volunteers OV 1998–
Red Hand Defenders RHD 1998–

Umbrella groups

In the table below:

  • The period of activity for republican groups is shown in green.
  • The period of activity for loyalist groups is shown in orange.
  • The period of ceasefire is shown in grey.
Group Year
70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
Provisional IRA
Official IRA
UVF
UDA
INLA
IPLO
Continuity IRA
Real IRA
LVF

State security forces[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

Political parties[edit]

Listing includes brief summary of ideology and position on the Good Friday Agreement 1998.

Irish Nationalist/Republican[edit]

Ulster Unionist/Loyalist[edit]

Other[edit]

Political structures[edit]

Northern Ireland government[edit]

1921-1972

1998-

Northern Ireland legislatures[edit]

1921-1972
The Parliament of Northern Ireland:

1972-1998

1998-

Republic of Ireland government[edit]

United Kingdom government[edit]

Peace process[edit]

Co-operative bodies[edit]

Key steps in the peace process[edit]

Cultural and religious organisations[edit]

Nationalist[edit]

Unionist[edit]