|Elevation||173 m (568 ft)|
Dirranbandi is a town in South West Queensland, Australia, located in the Shire of Balonne. It sits on the Castlereagh Highway and the Balonne River. It is notable for the population variations each year as seasonal workers come to work on the extensive cotton fields. Due to the low annual rainfall, irrigation is used extensively. Cubbie Station, the largest cotton producing property in the southern hemisphere, is close to Dirranbandi.
The town reserve was surveyed in 1885. One hundred housing allotments were first set aside, followed by land for a police station, a state school, and post office. The railway reached Dirranbandi on 22 May 1913. Dirranbandi had the honour of being the destination for the last mail train to operate in Australia. At the 2006 census, Dirranbandi had a population of 437.
Origin of name
Dirranbandi is said by some[by whom?] to be an Aboriginal word meaning "swamp abounding in frogs and waterfowl". Although this is possible, there is no evidence in any of the region's languages to suggest that this is the case. The name may be derived from a Yuwaaliyaay dialect placename, Dhurrunbandaay, relating to dhurrun.gal ("hairy caterpillars") and baanda-y ("move in single file"). There is also a Yuwaalaraay noun, dhirrinbaa, meaning "bad weather camp, on high ground", possibly from dhirrin ("high ground") and -baa ("place of, time of").
Dirranbandi has a public library, civic centre, swimming pool, park and showground. 
Actor Ray Meagher grew up near Dirranbandi. He is best known for playing Alf Stewart on soap opera Home and Away, and credits one of his character's catchphrases "Stone the flamin' crows!" to a man who was a stock and station agent in town.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Dirranbandi (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Centre for the Government of Queensland, Dirranbandi, , accessed 9 June 2011.
- Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to Australian Places. Sydney, NSW: Reader's Digest. 1993. p. 492. ISBN 0-86438-399-1.
- The Last of the Mail Trains Winney, Ken Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, July, 1990 pp155-166
- Queensland Government Department of Environment and Resource Management, Culgoa Floodplain National Park, , accessed 9 June 2011.
- Dan Nancarrow, From inland town to island town, 4 January 2011, , accessed 9 June 2011.
- "Dirranbandi". Balonne Shire Council. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- Everybody knows about the Dirranbandi Dandy!. Missing or empty
- OK! Magazine, Interview: Ray Meagher and Georgie Parker, , accessed 26 March 2013.