Disabled People Against Cuts

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Disabled People Against Cuts (DPAC) is an organisation based in the United Kingdom for disabled people and allies to campaign against the impact of government spending cuts on the lives of disabled people. Formed on 3 October 2010 DPAC promotes full human rights and equality for all disabled people, and operates from the Social Model of Disability.[1][2]

History[edit]

The 'Disabled People Protest' demonstration took place outside the Conservative Party annual conference on 3 October 2010 in the pouring rain in Birmingham, England. This was the first mass protest against the impact of austerity cuts to disabled people. It was also entirely led by disabled people, speaking out on their own behalf for themselves. Using this march as a catalyst leading activists founded the organisation.[3]

Structure[edit]

DPAC is a non-hierarchical organisation which grew organically from a small group of people who came together to plan an anti-cuts march in Birmingham. The current steering group was elected at the 2011 conference.[4]

There are 26 local DPAC groups, each one of which works within the DPAC constitution[5] but are generally autonomous and their members make decisions for those groups.[6]

DPAC currently has a formal membership of 1,500, with 2,500 members of the Facebook page and 4,500 followers on Twitter. Online activism has had a key role to play in the development of the group. While other groups were organising entirely on line, or alternatively making little use of new social media, DPAC developed an approach that enabled both approaches side by side which enabled greater numbers to take part.[7]

Affiliations[edit]

DPAC is closely affiliated with its sister organisation Black Triangle in Scotland.[8]

Philosophy[edit]

DPAC operate from the Social model of disability which sees disability as being created by the structures of society not the medical differences in a persons body. A very simple example of this is where a wheelchair user won't say that they can not get up the steps into the public building because they have a specific medical condition that prevents them from walking, rather, they are disabled by the lack of access ramps. Economic, political and cultural forces exclude those of us with impairments and long term health conditions from full participation in society, limiting our educational, social, political, economic, health and cultural potential, well-being and participation.[9] DPAC supports full citizenship for all Disabled People and opposes all cutbacks and austerity measures which are currently hitting Disabled People 9 times harder than non-disabled people.[10]

Issues[edit]

DPAC oppose all austerity measures which are currently heavily impacting disabled people in the UK. These include the closure of the Independent Living Fund, Personal Independence Payment (replacing Disability Living Allowance), Employment and Support Allowance, the Children and Families Bill 2013 and the 'Bedroom tax'.

Actions[edit]

Ellen Clifford, of DPAC, explained the tactics used by the anti-cuts group in the Guardian, saying "No one who cares about social justice can work with a government that is intent on dismantling the welfare state, so disabled activists are having to find other means to try to stop what is happening. Legal challenges to reforms are one part of that... But legal challenges aren't an answer in themselves, and, as a form of campaigning, need to be run alongside other forms of awareness-raising, lobbying, protests and direct action. We need the 99% to stand up and say "We will not let this happen'"."[11]

Civil disobedience actions[edit]

DPAC have carried out a number of civil disobedience actions. These include the blockade of Regents street in London, January 2012, with UK Uncut.[12][13] Blockade of Trafalgar Square in April 2012[14][15] A street blockade as part of a national Trade Union march in October 2012[16][17] April 2013 The 'Eviction' of Iain Duncan Smith[18] August 2013 DPAC members took part in the 'Reclaim the Power' anti-fracking protest camp at Balcombe, West Sussex to engage with training in non-violent Direct action, and emphasise the needs of disabled people for clean, affordable and sustainable energy[19][20]

Week of Action[edit]

In both 2012 and 2013 DPAC have held a 'Week of Action' to highlight the impact of austerity and the cuts on disabled peoples lives. The Atos Games From Monday 27 August 2012 DPAC hosted a week of 'The Atos Games' which focused on highlighting the hypocrisy of the sponsorship of the Paralympic games by Atos – the same company that carries out the highly controversial Work Capability Assessments.[21][22] Events included a spoof 'paralymic award ceremony', and the delivery of a coffin to Atos offices. On the closing day of the event, a demonstration outside Atos head offices moved to the offices of the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) where protestors chained themselves to the main entrance. This event was marred with significant police violence.[23][24][25][26][27] Reclaiming our Futures was the week of action held from 29 August to 4 September 2013[28] to protest against the targeting of disabled people by austerity measures, and to celebrate the value, pride and self-determination of disabled people. The event features an on-line day of action launch, coinciding with the Torch Relay protest organised by Transport for All to highlight lack of accessibility on the new crossrail trainline currently being constructed.[29] Friday 30 August saw local protests across the UK, while Saturday 1 September features a day of art and music with a 'Disability, Art and Protest' exhibition, banner making workshop, poetry reading and gig. 'The Social Model in the 21st century' conference saw key note speeches by Debbie Jolly of DPAC, Professor Colin Barnes[30] and Ann Rae of the Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation (UPAIS). The week included a direct action outside the BBC to highlight biased representation of disabled people and promotion of 'scrounger rhetoric' and culminated on a march on parliament during which the UK Disabled Peoples Manifesto was launched.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams-Findlay, Robert (June 2011). "Lifting the lid on Disabled People Against Cuts". Disability and Society 26 (6): 774. doi:10.1080/09687599.2011.602868. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Interview: Disabled People Against the Cuts (DPAC)". Red Pepper. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Pring, John. "Spending Cuts Protest Sparks Birth of New Campaign". Disability News Service. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "About DPAC". DPAC. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "DPAC constitution". DPAC. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "List of local groups". DPAC. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Trevisan, Filippo (2013). "13". In Scullion, R, Gerodimos, D, Jackson, D and Lilliker, D. The Media, Political Participation and Empowerment. Routledge. pp. 180–181. 
  8. ^ "Black Triangle". Black Triangle. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Oliver, Mike (2013). "The Social Model of Disability: 30 years on". Disability and Society 28 (7). doi:10.1080/09687599.2013.818773. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Benefit cuts hitting disabled people hardest". PSE. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Disability Benefits Welfare Reform Cuts". The Guardian. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "UK Uncut protest welfare reforms". The Guardian. 28 January 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  13. ^ "UK Uncut joins fight against welfare reform bill". The Guardian. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Disability rights protesters bring Trafalgar Square traffic to a standstill". The Guardian. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Protesters prepare to fight disability living allowance cuts – video". The Guardian. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Trade Unions March Against Cuts". The Guardian. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  17. ^ "Disabled Protestors Bring London to a Standstill". ITV News. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "Benefits Protests Outside Ian Duncan Smiths". ITV News. 13 April 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "Caroline Lucas Arrest". The Guardian. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  20. ^ "protestors glue selves to wheelchair". ITV News. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  21. ^ Braye, Stuart; Gibbons, Tom and Dixon, Kevin (31 August 2013). "Disability 'Rights' or 'Wrongs'? The Claims of the International Paralympic Committee, the London 2012 Paralympics and Disability Rights in the UK". Sociological Research Online 18 (3). doi:10.5153/sro.3118. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "Our Atos Games". DPAC. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  23. ^ "Disabled Cuts Paralymic Games". The Guardian. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  24. ^ "Atos Games Disabled Anger". The Guardian. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  25. ^ "Police scuffles Disabled protestors". ITV News. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  26. ^ "Disability Rights Protestors invade government building". Channel 4 News. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  27. ^ Clifford, Ellen (Sep 2012). "Playing the Political Game". Disability Now. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  28. ^ "Reclaiming our Futures". DPAC. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  29. ^ "Disability campaigners Torch Relay Protest". BBC News. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "Professor Colin Barnes". University of Leeds. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  31. ^ Pepper, Penny (4 September). "Why I am lobbying Parliament". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 September 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]