Discipline

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Discipline (disambiguation).
To think good thoughts requires effort. This is one of the things that discipline – training – is about.

In its natural sense, discipline is systematic instruction intended to train a person, sometimes literally called a disciple, in a craft, trade or other activity, or to follow a particular code of conduct or "order". Often, the phrase "to discipline" carries a negative connotation. This is because enforcement of order–that is, ensuring instructions are carried out–is often regulated through punishment.

Discipline is not a course of actions leading to certain goal or ideal. A disciplined person is one that has established a goal and is willing to achieve that goal at the expense of his or her individuality.

Discipline is the assertion of willpower over more base desires, and is usually understood to be synonymous with self control. Self-discipline is to some extent a substitute for motivation, when one uses reason to determine the best course of action that opposes one's desires. Virtuous behavior is when one's motivations are aligned with one's reasoned aims: to do what one knows is best and to do it gladly. Continent behavior, on the other hand, is when one does what one knows is best, but must do it by opposing one's motivations.[1] Moving from continent to virtuous behavior requires training and some self-discipline.

Military discipline[edit]

The regulation of the behaviors of members of any military, involving rules that govern goal orientation and behavior inside and outside the institution, including the socialization processes that happen in military training.[2] Rules of discipline are firmer or laxer depending on the prevalent culture of the military's country or institution.[3] As early as the time of the Roman Army, discipline was enforced through military justice, but broader compilations of laws such as the Codex Theodosianus contained provisions dealing with military discipline.[4]

Prison discipline[edit]

Main article: Prison discipline

Prison discipline refers to the means by which prison staff maintain order inside prisons and correctional facilities. This includes various types of punishments, such as solitary confinement, monetary restitution, exclusion from certain prison programs, and forfeiture of good conduct time. In the past, some prisons also used corporal punishment on inmates who violated prison rules.

School discipline[edit]

Main article: School discipline

Academic discipline[edit]

Main article: Academic discipline

Self-discipline[edit]

Main article: Self-control

Self-discipline is the ability to control one's feelings and overcome one's weaknesses; the ability to pursue what one thinks is right despite temptations to abandon it. Self-discipline and self-control give you power over your life.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fowers, Blaine J. (2008). "From Continence to Virtue: Recovering Goodness, Character Unity, and Character Types for Positive Psychology". Theory & Psychology 18, (5). pp. 629–653. 
  2. ^ Caforio, Giuseppe (2003). Handbook of the sociology of the military. Springer. pp. 262–63. ISBN 978-0-306-47295-4. 
  3. ^ Caforio p. 243.
  4. ^ Southern, Pat (2007). The Roman Army: A Social and Institutional History. Oxford UP. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-19-532878-3.