Discodorididae

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Discodorididae
Rostanga elandsia 2008.jpg
Rostanga elandsia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Nudipleura
clade Nudibranchia
Superfamily: Doridoidea
Family: Discodorididae
Bergh, 1891
Genera

See text.

Synonyms[1]

Diaululinae Bergh, 1891
Kentrodordinae Bergh, 1891
Platydoridinae Bergh, 1891
Arginae Odhner, 1926 (inv.)
Baptodoridinae Odhner, 1926
Halgerdinae Odhner, 1926
Asteronotinae Thiele, 1931
Gruveliinae Thiele, 1931
Rostangidae Pruvot-Fol, 1951
Artachaeninae Odhner, 1968
Geitodorididae Odhner, 1968
Hoplodoridinae Odhner, 1968
Taringinae Odhner, 1968
Trippinae Kay & Young, 1969
Sebadoridinae Soliman, 1980

Discodorididae is a taxonomic family of sea slugs, specifically dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Doridoidea. [2]

Species in this family belong to the cryptobranch dorid nudibranchs, i.e. they are able to retract their gills into a gill pocket (cryptobranch = hidden gills). Most are small and hard to identify. Most are thought to feed at night on sponges, while during the day they search for dark areas or remain hidden under rocks.

One example of a discodoridid is the "Pacific sea lemon" or "speckled sea lemon", Peltodoris nobilis, which occurs off the coast of British Columbia to Baja California from low-tide waters to a depth of about 200 m. Not only is this species yellow with a bumpy surface, but it also gives off a strong fruity citrus smell when handled, adding to its resemblance to a lemon.

Genera[edit]

Genera within the family Discodorididae include:[3][4]



Genera brought into synonymy
  • Audura Bergh, 1878 : synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Awuka Er. Marcus, 1955 : synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Boreodoris Odhner, 1939 : synonym of Rostanga Bergh, 1879
  • Centrodoris P. Fischer, 1883 : synonym of Kentrodoris Bergh, 1874
  • Glossodoridiformia O'Donoghue, 1927: synonym of Atagema Gray, 1850
  • Kentrodoris Bergh, 1874 : synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Otinodoris White, 1948 : synonym of Asteronotus Ehrenberg, 1831
  • Phialodoris Bergh, 1890 : synonym of Peltodoris Bergh, 1880
  • Trippa (gastropod)|Trippa Bergh, 1877 : synonym of Atagema Gray, 1850
  • Tumbia Burn, 1962: synonym of Sclerodoris Eliot, 1904

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bouchet, P. & Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). "Classification and Nomenclator of Gastropod Families". Malacologia 47 (1-2). 
  2. ^ Bouchet, P. (2011). Discodorididae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1761 on 2011-08-23
  3. ^ http://clade.ansp.org/obis/search.php/search?taxon=Diaulula&author=&year=&Search=Search&mode=search
  4. ^ http://clade.ansp.org/obis/search.php/search?taxon=Peltodoris&author=&year=&Search=Search&mode=search
  5. ^ a b c d e f CLEMAM: Discodoridae
  6. ^ Fahey S. J. & Gosliner T. M. (2003). "Mistaken Identities: On the Discodorididae genera Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880 and Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 (Opistobranchia, Nudibranchia)". Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 54: 169-208. PDF.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]