Disney Channels Worldwide

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ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc.
Trading name Disney Channels Worldwide
Type Subsidiary
Industry Entertainment
Genre children's
Founded Burbank, United States (July 15, 1982 (1982-07-15))
Founder(s) Alan Wagner
Headquarters Burbank, California, United States
Number of locations 100
Key people Gary Marsh (President, CCO)
Products Television networks
Parent Disney–ABC Television Group
(Disney Media Networks)
Divisions Radio Disney
Disney Television Animation
Website disneyabctv.com/division/index_worldwide.shtml

Disney Channels Worldwide (officially ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc.)[1] is a subsidiary of Disney-ABC Television Group, a unit of Disney Media Networks, the division of The Walt Disney Company that operates various children's television channels around the world: Disney Channel, Disney XD, Disney Junior, Disney Cinemagic, Dlife and Hungama TV. In addition, the division is responsible for operating Radio Disney and Disney Television Animation.

Disney Channel was originally established in the United States in April 1983 as a premium cable channel, and has since converted to a basic service; in addition, Disney Channel's programming has expanded internationally with the launch of various country-specific and regional versions of the channel, as well as program licensing agreements reached with television networks not bearing the Disney Channel brand.

Previous corporate names were: Walt Disney Entertainment, Inc. (1982-1983), The Disney Channel, Inc. (1983-1997), Disney Channel, Inc. (1997-2001).

Disney Channel's headquarters in Burbank, California as it appeared in the 2000s (the logo was later removed instead of replaced with the current logo).

History[edit]

Disney Channel, Inc.[edit]

On November 10, 1981, Walt Disney Productions and Westinghouse Broadcasting released that they had agreed to start a family-oriented cable television service.[2] In 1982, Disney hired Alan Wagner to develop a cable channel.[3] By July 15, 1982, Disney incorporated Walt Disney Entertainment, Inc. which was rename by January 28, 1983 to The Disney Channel, Inc.[1] The channel, The Disney Channel, was launched in April 1983 with 16 hours of programming[3] as a premium channel.[4] The channel became profitable in January 1985, 20 months after launch. The channel moved into the home satellite dish market thus scrambling its signal. The channel started moving to the basic cable level on September 1, 1990 with TCI Montgomery Cablevision.[4] In March 1995, the second Disney Channel began broadcasting in Taiwan[5] while the third is launched in October for the United Kingdom.[4]

By September 29, 1997, the corporate name was shorten to Disney Channel, Inc.[1] In December 1997, the Toon Disney channel was announced as a basic channel consisting of Disney classic animation.[4] As of April 1, 1998, most of the international version are pay channels while Taiwan and Malaysia are ad supported and the USA is a basic channel.[6] The Toon Disney Channel was launched on April 18, 1998 on the Disney Channel's 15 anniversary.[7]

ABC Cable Networks Group[edit]

Disney Channel, Inc. changed its name to ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc. by January 31, 2001.[1] In October 2003, ABC Family Worldwide was changed from a Disney COO direct reporting unit to being within the ABC Cable Networks Group.[8]

In January 2004, Fox Kids Europe, Fox Kids Latin America and ABC Cable Networks Group agreed to the Jetix programming alliance that would rebrand Fox Kids as Jetix for all blocks, channels and companies.[9]

Disney Channels Worldwide[edit]

In November 2005, Barry Blumberg resigned as President of Walt Disney Television Animation as to allow the planned transfer of the TV animation into Disney Channels Worldwide.[10]

In 2006, Disney TV India acquired Hungama TV from UTV Software Communications Limited.[11] Disney Cinemagic began broadcasting in the UK in March 2006[12] as the start to the launch of several Cinemagic channels including timeshift and HD versions across Western Europe.[13]

Disney XD (DXD) was launched on February 13, 2009, taking over the channel space of Toon Disney in the US,[14] while Jetix switched over to DXD (or for some Disney Channel) starting with France on April 1.[15] Also in April, the Walt Disney Co., Ltd. Japan and Disney Channels Worldwide started Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. to broadcast a women and family targeted channel, Dlife, with licensed received in October 2010 and debuted on March 17, 2012.[16][17]

Jetix Play was closed on August 1, 2010 in most countries,[18] on September 1, 2010 in Turkey, and in Romania it closed on March 12, 2011.[citation needed] In the most countries the channel was replaced with Playhouse Disney.[18]

On May 26, 2010, Disney–ABC Television Group announced the launch of Disney Junior, which would replace the Playhouse Disney morning block on sister network Disney Channel in February 2011, and extend to a standalone preschooler-oriented channel that would replace Soapnet in January 2012. All 22 Playhouse Disney channels and blocks outside the U.S. also were renamed to "Disney Junior" in 2011.[19][20][21]

In October 2011, Disney reached a joint venture agreement (49%/51%) with UTH Russia for UTH to turn its broadcasting network Seven TV into a Disney Channel starting in early 2012.[22]

On March 28, 2013, Cinemagic was replaced in the UK market with Sky Movies Disney under license to BSkyB.[23]

Localization[edit]

The international channels brands the on-air look consistently to the Disney brand. Individual channel managers are allowed to develop schedules and marketing programs to allow for the children's preferences in the market. Additional, local programming is acquired that meet Disney's standards which is a difficult. After a program is successful in a market, the program's format may be developed for other Disney Channels' market viewing tastes.[6]

List of Disney Channels[edit]

Market type formerly launch date other nations operator
United States channel N/A April 18, 1983 none Disney CWW[4]
Taiwan channel March 1995[6]
UK channel October 1995[6] Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Malta, Slovenia, Slovakia, Latvia, Ireland, Bulgaria, Iceland, Finland Disney Co. Ltd. (UK/Europe)[24]
Channel +1 Spain, Ireland[25]
Channel HD 2011 Ireland[26]
Australia channel June 1996[6]
Malaysia channel October 1996[6]
France channel March 1997[6] Luxembourg, Switzerland Disney Co. France[27]
Channel +1 2002 Belgium
Channel HD 2011
Belgium channel 2012
Middle East channel (English) April 1997[6] Arab World Disney Co. Ltd.[28]
channel (Arabic) 1998[29]
Spain Digital terrestrial channel April 1998[6] none Management Company Television Net TV SA[30]
Channel +1[31]
pay cable channel HD 2012[31]
Italy Channel Fall 1998[6] none Disney Co. Italy[32]
Channel +1 2004
Channel +2 2011
Channel HD 2012
Channel Mobile
Disney in English 2008
Philippines channel 1998[6]
Germany channel 1999[6] Luxembourg, Austria Disney Co. (Germany)[33]
Channel HD 2011 Austria
Latin America channel[6]
Asia channel January 2000 Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines, South Korea[12]
Vietnam channel May 2005[34]
Japan channel November 2003[35]
Scandinavia (Finnish) channel 2003 Estonia, Lithuania Disney Co. Ltd.[36]
Scandinavia (Norwegian) channel 2003 Estonia, Lithuania[37]
Scandinavia (Danish) channel 2003 Estonia, Lithuania[38]
channel HD 2012 Estonia[38]
Poland channel 2006 Latvia [39]
Turkey channel 2007 none Disney Co. Ltd.[40]
Russian channel, cable Jetix March 2010 Estonia, Lithuania Disney Co. Ltd.[41]
channel, broadcast Seven TV 2012 JV with UTH Russia[22]
Greece Channel 2009 Disney[42]
Croatia Channel 2009 Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro Disney Co. Ltd.[43]
Bulgaria Channel CEE Jetix September 2009 [44]
Romania Channel CEE Jetix September 2009 Bulgaria[45]
Netherlands Channel 2009 Belgium Jetix Europe Channels B.V.[46]
Czech Channel Jetix September 2009 Slovakia Disney[47]
Hungary Channel Jetix September 2009 Disney Co. Ltd.[48]
Slovakia Channel Jetix September 2009 Disney Co. Ltd.[49]
Slovenia Channel Jetix September 2009 none Disney Co. Ltd.[50]
Portugal Channel Disney Co. - Portugal[51]
India channel December 17, 2004[52] Disney TV India
South Africa channel 2006[53]
Korea channel April 1, 2011 Television Media Korea (SK Telecom 51% and Disney Channels International 49% venture)[54]
HD channel April 1, 2011

† Management Company Television Net TV SA is owned by Vocento SA, The Walt Disney Company Iberia S.L. (20%) and Intereconomía Corporation SA. Which in addition to the Disney channels owns Intereconomia TV, a generalist channel.[30][31]

Asia Channel[edit]

Disney Channel Asia was launched in January 2000 with a multi-language feed with an English main feed and dubbing and subtitling Mandarin. The channel became available in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines. On June 1, 2002, the channel was launched in the South Korea market with a Korea language feed.[12] Over the first six months of 2005, Disney Channel Asia along with sister channel Playhouse Disney launched in Vietnam, Palau and Thailand and finishing off with a launch of both in Cambodia, its 11th market, with Cambodia Entertainment Production Co. Ltd. as distributor.[55]

China[edit]

Disney Channel was recently launched a channel in mainland China[when?]. However, many of its live-action and animated series are still syndicated on regional channels through ABC owned Dragon Club since 1994. It also has a new website for China: dol.cn.[56]

India[edit]

Previously, Disney programming was available through programming blocks starting as early as 1994 with Doordarshan then moving to Zee TV until the early 2001s. Disney moved its block to Sony Television for three years. Star TV pick up Disney TV blocks on Star One, Disney Time, and on Star Utsav.[57]

In December 2004, Walt Disney Television International India launched a Toon Disney channel with three language feeds (English, Tamil and Telugu)[58] at the same time as the Disney Channel with Star TV network distributing the channels.[59] Disney reached an agreement with Doordarshan (DD) in November 2005 for DD to carry a half hour block called Disney Jadoo. Thus Disney was up to 4 branded blocks in India.[57]

Channel types per market[edit]

Market Channel Disney Jr. Disney XD Cinemagic/
Disney Movies
Other
United States April 18, 1983[4] West, East HD, West HD[60] March 23, 2012[61] February 13, 2009[14] Radio Disney
UK October 1995,[6] +1, HD May 2011, +1, HD August 31, 2009, +1, HD (2006-2013) Sky Movies Disney, HD (2013; BSkyB)
France March 1997,[6] +1, HD 2011, HD April 1, 2009 ; HD 2007, +1, HD Disney Nature TV (2012)
Belgium (French) 2012
Portugal 2001 Junior HD
Spain April 1998,[6] +1, HD[31] June 2011 2009, HD 2008, HD Intereconomía TV (2005) †[31]
Middle East (English) April 1997[6]
(Arabic) 1998
Germany 1999, HD 2011 2009, +1 2009, HD
Bulgaria September 2009 2011
Czech September 2009
Hungary September 2009
Romania September 2009 2012
Russian cable (March 2010); broadcasting (2012; UTH Russia Joint venture) Jr. XD
Slovak September 2009
Slovenia September 2009 2010
Italy 1998, +1, +2, HD, Mobile, Disney in English 2011, +1 September 2009, +1, +2
Netherlands 2009 2011 January 1, 2010
Greece 2009
Scandinavia (Danish) 2003, HD 2011 September 12, 2009
Scandinavia (Finnish) 2003 2011 September 12, 2009
Scandinavia (Norwegian) 2003 2011 September 12, 2009
Scandinavia (Sweden) 2003 2011 September 12, 2009
Poland 2006 2010 September 2009
Turkey 2007 2010 October 2009
Australia June 1996[6] May 29, 2011[62] April 10, 2014 Foxtel Movies Disney (April 10, 2014 Foxtel)[63]
Taiwan March 1995[6] 2012[64]
Malaysia October 1996[6]
Philippines 1998[6]
India December 17, 2004[52] October 15, 2012[65] November 14, 2009[66] Hungama TV (July 2006)[67]
Japan November 2003 fall 2012[68] August 2009[69] Dlife[16]
Canada (BCE/Astral Media Trust) English, French (both May 6, 2011 )[70] June 1, 2011[71]
Latin America channel[6] April 1, 2011[72] July 3, 2009[73]
Asia January 2000 July 11, 2011
Vietnam May 2005
South Africa 2006[53] June 1, 2011[74] May 11, 2011[53]
Korea (Television Media Korea) April 1, 2011, HD April 11, 2011, HD[54]

Europe and Middle East Markets source[75]

Canada[edit]

Main article: Family Channel

While Disney Channel does not exist as a branded channel in Canada in its own right, its programming has been distributed since 1988 on specialty channel Family Channel (owned by Bell Media through a blind trust, until the channel is sold to another company to comply with conditions of Bell's purchase of Family's former owner Astral Media), which is licensed as premium service though is carried as a basic cable channel on some cable and satellite providers. As a result of the fact that the majority of Disney Channel U.S.'s programs air on Family, coupled with the fact that both channels developed similarly in their respective countries (as both began as premium services before adding availability via basic cable), Family Channel is commonly considered to be a de facto Canadian version of Disney Channel (though it is often mistakenly assumed to be related to ABC Family, a sister network to Disney Channel U.S. which was formerly known as The Family Channel from 1988 to 1998; a Canadian version of ABC Family launched in March 2012,[76] called ABC Spark to avoid confusion with Family Channel, to which it does not share common ownership).

Some Canadian-produced original series produced by Family (such as Life with Derek, Naturally, Sadie, and Overruled!) have aired on Disney Channel in the United States and in other countries in the past. In addition to its program distribution agreement with Disney Channel U.S., Family also operates an English-language version of Disney Junior as a multiplex channel, as CRTC rules allow cable channels licensed as premium services to add multiplex channels consistent with the network's license. Disney XD and a French-language version of Disney Junior are also owned by the Bell Media-held blind trust, operating under separate licenses.

Dlife[edit]

In April 2009, the Walt Disney Co., Ltd. Japan and Disney Channels Worldwide started Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. to broadcast a women and family targeted channel, Dlife, with licensed received in October 2010 and debuted on March 17, 2012.[16][17] In December 2013, Dlife launched a children's programming block called Disney Time.[77]

Disney Time[edit]

For the UK TV show of the same name, see Disney Time.

'Disney Time is TV programming block in Asia.

In 2005, Disney Time was airing from 6 to 7 PM on Star Plus in India.[78] In December 2013, Dlife launched a children's programming block called Disney Time.[77]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]