Dispositional attribution is the explanation of individual behavior as a result caused by internal characteristics that reside within the individual, as opposed to external (situational) influences that stem from the environment or culture in which that individual is found. Dispositionalism is the general tendency to prefer dispositional attribution rather than situational attribution.
For example, dispositional optimism is a tendency that applies generally across situations, but situational optimism is having hope and expecting a good outcome in a specific situation.
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- Douglas S. Krull (2001). "On Partitioning the Fundamental Attribution Error: Dispositionalism and the Correspondence Bias". Cognitive Social Psychology: the Princeton Symposium on the Legacy and Future of Social Cognition (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates): 211. ISBN 978-0-8058-3414-7.