This article is part ofAdministrative divisions
a series on the
of the Republic of China
- 1 History
- 2 Municipal districts in Taiwan
- 3 Proposals for districts in 2014
- 4 Former districts
- 5 See also
- 6 References
After the Second World War, Taiwan was transferred from Japan to the Republic of China. Consequently, several provincial cities were established in Taiwan, including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. On the other hand, the towns (町) in the original Prefecture-controlled cities were merged into several Districts (區). However Changhua and Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities and their districts are now defunct.
When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several Townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, the largest city in southern Taiwan - Kaohsiung was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.
In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same.
These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.
Municipal districts in Taiwan
List of Districts in Taiwan
|Division type||Special municipality||Provincial city||Total|
|Name||Kaohsiung City||New Taipei City||Taichung City||Tainan City||Taipei City||Chiayi City||Hsinchu City||Keelung City|
|No. of Dist.||38||29||29||37||12||2||3||7||157|
Districts in Provincial cities
Districts in Special municipalities
Proposals for districts in 2014
The following are the proposed districts in 2014:
|Bade City → Bade District
(八德市 → 八德區)
|Pingzhen City → Pingzhen District
(平鎮市 → 平鎮區)
|Taoyuan City → Taoyuan District
(桃園市 → 桃園區)
|Yangmei City → Yangmei District
(楊梅市 → 楊梅區)
|Zhongli City → Zhongli District
(中壢市 → 中壢區)
|Daxi Township (Urban) → Daxi District
(大溪鎮 → 大溪區)
|Dayuan Township (Rural) → Dayuan District
(大園鄉 → 大園區)
|Fuxing Township (Rural) → Fuxing District
(復興鄉 → 復興區)
|Guanyin Township (Rural) → Guanyin District
(觀音鄉 → 觀音區)
|Guishan Township (Rural) → Guishan District
(龜山鄉 → 龜山區)
|Longtan Township (Rural) → Longtan District
(龍潭鄉 → 龍潭區)
|Luzhu Township (Rural) → Luzhu District
(蘆竹鄉 → 蘆竹區)
|Xinwu Township (Rural) → Xinwu District
(新屋鄉 → 新屋區)
- Jingmei District, Taipei City (1968-1990), now Wenshan District after merged with Muzha District
- Muzha District, Taipei City (1968-1990), now Wenshan District after merged with Jingmei District
- Jiancheng District, Taipei City (?-1990), now part of Datong District after merged with former Datong District and Yanping District
- Yanping District, Taipei City (?-1990), now part of Datong District after merged with former Datong District and Jiancheng District
- Zhongzhong District, Taipei City (?-1990), now Zhongzheng District after merged with Guting District
- Guting District, Taipei City (?-1990), now Zhongzheng District after merged with Zhongzhong District
- "KaoHsiung City". Post.gov.tw.
- "New Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
- "Taichung City". Post.gov.tw.
- "Tainan City". Post.gov.tw.
- "Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
- "ChiaYi City". Post.gov.tw.
- "Hsinchu City". Post.gov.tw.
- "KeeLung City". Post.gov.tw.
- "City upgrades draw mixed reaction". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2014-07-04.