District (Taiwan)

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This article is part of
a series on the
Administrative divisions
of the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
In effect
1st Provinces
(省 shěng)
(streamlined)
Special municipalities
(直轄市 zhíxiáshì)
2nd Counties
(縣 xiàn)
Provincial cities
(市 shì)
3rd Districts
(區 qū)
County-controlled cities
(縣轄市 xiànxiáshì)
Urban townships
(鎮 zhèn)
Rural townships
(鄉 xiāng)
4th Urban villages
(里 lǐ)
Rural villages
(村 cūn)
5th Neighborhoods
(鄰 lín)


Districts (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ku) refer to a type of administrative division in Taiwan.

History[edit]

After the Second World War, Taiwan was transferred from Japan to the Republic of China. Consequently, several provincial cities were established in Taiwan, including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. On the other hand, the towns (町) in the original Prefecture-controlled cities were merged into several Districts (區). However Changhua and Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities and their districts are now defunct.

When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several Townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, the largest city in southern Taiwan - Kaohsiung was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.

In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same.

These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.

Municipal districts in Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities.

List of Districts in Taiwan[edit]

Currently, there are 157 districts located in the special municipalities and the provincial cities.

Division type Special municipality Provincial city Total
Name Kaohsiung City[1] New Taipei City[2] Taichung City[3] Tainan City[4] Taipei City[5] Chiayi City[6] Hsinchu City[7] Keelung City[8]
No. of Dist. 38 29 29 37 12 2 3 7 157

Districts in Provincial cities[edit]

Districts in Special municipalities[edit]

Proposals for districts in 2014[edit]

The following are the proposed districts in 2014:[9]

Changes Population Area (km²)
Bade City → Bade District
(八德市 → 八德區)
179,725 33.71
Luzhu City → Luzhu District
(蘆竹市 → 蘆竹區)
150,070 75.50
Pingzhen City → Pingzhen District
(平鎮市 → 平鎮區)
211,210 47.75
Taoyuan City → Taoyuan District
(桃園市 → 桃園區)
415,431 34.80
Yangmei City → Yangmei District
(楊梅市 → 楊梅區)
155,851 89.12
Zhongli City → Zhongli District
(中壢市 → 中壢區)
379,127 76.52
Daxi Township (Urban) → Daxi District
(大溪鎮 → 大溪區)
91,910 105.14
Dayuan Township (Rural) → Dayuan District
(大園鄉 → 大園區)
83,590 87.39
Fuxing Township (Rural) → Fuxing District
(復興鄉 → 復興區)
10,638 350.78
Guanyin Township (Rural) → Guanyin District
(觀音鄉 → 觀音區)
63,050 87.98
Guishan Township (Rural) → Guishan District
(龜山鄉 → 龜山區)
140,481 72.01
Longtan Township (Rural) → Longtan District
(龍潭鄉 → 龍潭區)
115,786 75.23
Xinwu Township (Rural) → Xinwu District
(新屋鄉 → 新屋區)
47,988 85.02

Former districts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KaoHsiung City". Post.gov.tw.
  2. ^ "New Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  3. ^ "Taichung City". Post.gov.tw.
  4. ^ "Tainan City". Post.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  6. ^ "ChiaYi City". Post.gov.tw.
  7. ^ "Hsinchu City". Post.gov.tw.
  8. ^ "KeeLung City". Post.gov.tw.
  9. ^ "City upgrades draw mixed reaction". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2014-07-04.