District 1, Ho Chi Minh City

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District 1
Quận 1
Urban district
Downtown of Saigon
Downtown of Saigon
Position in HCMC's core
Position in HCMC's core
District 1 is located in Vietnam
District 1
District 1
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°45′43″N 106°35′41″E / 10.76194°N 106.59472°E / 10.76194; 106.59472Coordinates: 10°45′43″N 106°35′41″E / 10.76194°N 106.59472°E / 10.76194; 106.59472
Country  Vietnam
Centrally governed city Ho Chi Minh City
Seat 47 Lê Duẩn Boulevard
Commune, wards 10 phường
Area
 • Total 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 204,899
 • Density 27,000/km2 (69,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Main ethnic groups predominantly Kinh
Time zone ICT (UTC+07)
Website quan1.hochiminhcity.gov.vn

District 1 (Quận 1) is the central urban district of Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. With a total area of 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi) the district has a population of 204,899 people as of 2010.[1] The district is divided into 10 small subsets which are called wards. District 1 is where most of the city's administrative offices, consulates, and big buildings are located. District 1 is the busiest district in the city with the highest living standards. Đồng Khởi street and Nguyễn Huệ boulevard in the district are the city's two main commercial centers. Đồng Khởi street is currently hitting its price record at $50,000 for a square meter in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

District 1 and the other seven districts of Ho Chi Minh City were founded on May 27, 1959. Before 1975, the first district only had four small subsets (wards) which were Trần Quang Khải, Tự Đức, Bến Nghé, Hòa Bình (named after major historical characters) and the second district had seven different wards which were Cầu Kho, Cầu Ông Lãnh, Huyện Sĩ, Nguyễn Cư Trinh, Nguyễn Cảnh Chân, Bùi Viện, Bến Thành. In May, 1976, the first and second district combined into the District 1 we have today.

Administration[edit]

District 1 contains ten small subsets which are called wards. The different wards are: Bến Nghé, Bến Thành, Cô Giang, Cầu Kho, Cầu Ông Lãnh, Đa Kao, Nguyễn Thái Bình, Nguyễn Cư Trinh, Phạm Ngũ Lão, and Tân Định. Each ward has its own people committee and all ten of the committee are under the People's Committee of District 1.

The People's Committee of District 1 office 47 Lê Duẩn str. Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Bến Nghé Ward office 29 Nguyễn Trung Ngạn, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Bến Thành Ward office 92 Nguyễn Trãi, Bến Thành Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Cô Giang Ward office 379 Trần Hưng Đạo, Cầu Kho Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Cầu Kho Ward office 60 Nguyễn Thái Học, Cầu Ông Lãnh Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Cầu Ông Lãnh Ward office 58 - 60 Nguyễn Thái Học, Cầu Ông Lãnh Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Đa Kao Ward office 72 Đinh Tiên Hoàng, ĐaKao Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Nguyễn Thái Bình Ward office 41 Trần Hưng Đạo, Nguyễn Thái Bình Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Nguyễn Cư Trinh Ward office 211 Nguyễn Trãi, Nguyễn Cư Trinh Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Phạm Ngũ Lão Ward office 240 Đề Thám, Phạm Ngũ Lão Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The People's Committee of Tân Định Ward office 227 Trần Quang Khải, Tân Định Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY

[3]

Demographic and geographical features[edit]

District 1 has a population of 204,899 people over the total of 7,162,864 in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. The total area of the district is about 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi), that makes the district a very dense area. The District's density is 26,538 inhabitants per square kilometre (68,730 /sq mi) very high comparing the Ho Chi Minh city's 3,419 /km2 (8,860 /sq mi) and Vietnam's 259 /km2 (670 /sq mi).

Relatively, District 1 is located in the middle of Ho Chi minh city. The District area is divided with Bình Thạnh District and Phú Nhuận District- Thị Nghè canal as border, and District 3- Hai Bà Trưng street and Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai street as border in the north, District 2 in the east with Sai Gon River as border, District 5 to the west- Nguyễn Văn Cừ street as border, and District 4 to the south- Bến Nghé canal as border.[2]

Economy[edit]

When Ho Chi Minh City was governed by South Vietnam, Air Vietnam's head office was in District 1.[4]

District 1 is considered the financial centre of Saigon and Vietnam. The Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange and Vietnam HQ of international banks such as HSBC, ANZ, Standard Chartered, Citi, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of China, Maybank,... are located in district 1. District 1 also known as the best spot for shopping in Vietnam with a high concentration of shopping centres and luxury brands.

Consulates[edit]

Ho Chi Minh city is Vietnam's biggest and busiest city. A very large population of immigrants from all over the world is currently living and working there. Because District 1 is Ho Chi Minh city's central district, all of the consulates from other countries choose to locate here.

The Consulate of the United Kingdom 25 Lê Duẩn, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Cambodia 41 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Canada 235 Đồng Khởi, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Cuba 45 Phùng khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Korea 107 Nguyễn Du, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of the United States of America 4 Lê Duẩn, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Hungary 22 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Indonesia 18 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Laos 93 Pasteur, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Malaysia 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of New Zealand 41 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Japan 13-17 Nguyễn Huệ, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Panama 7A Lê Thánh Tôn, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Poland 2 Trần Cao Vân, Đa Kao Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Singapore 65 Lê Lợi, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Sweden 8A/11 D1 Lầu 5 Thái Văn Lung, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Switzerland 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of China 39 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Australia Level 20, Vincom Center 47 Lý Tự Trọng, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of France 27 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY
The Consulate of Italy 17 Lê Duẩn Ward, Bến Nghé, DISTRICT 1, HO CHI MINH CITY

[3]

Education[edit]

Many of the best public schools in the city are located in District 1. Vietnam's system of private schools in general is still new and still are in the stage of developing.[citation needed]

Kindergarten:

Name Address Notes
Trường Mầm Non Sân Lá Cọ - Stamford Grammar 4Bis Phùng Khắc Khoan
Tuổi Hồng 21 Yersin
Tân Định 26 Đặng Dung
Tuổi Thơ 97 Nguyễn Du
Cô Giang 50 Hồ Hảo Hớn
Nguyễn Cư Trinh 122 Trần Đình Xu
Lê Thị Riêng 39 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Hoa Lư 1 Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm
Hoa Lan 541 Trần Hưng Đạo
Nguyễn Thái Bình 121-123 Ng Thái Bình
Phạm Ngũ Lão 329 Phạm Ngũ Lão
30/4 174-176 Pasteur
20/10 85A Nguyễn Trãi
Bến Thành 87 Sương Nguyệt Anh
Bé Ngoan 108 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Hoa Quỳnh 34 Nguyễn Phi Khanh
Baby 31A Lý Tự Trọng
Panda 18 Phan Kế Bính
Asia-Pacific 26/6 Nguyễn Bĩnh Khiêm
Nemo 14V Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Ngôi nhà nhỏ 16 Phan Liêm International citizens
Sapa 1 Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh International citizens
Dân lập Mạnh Mẫu 96 Thạch Thị Thanh International citizens
Chuyên biệt Tương Lai 27A Trần Nhật Duật International citizens

[5]

University:

Name Established Address
Posts and Telecommunications Institute of Technology - 11, Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street
Hoa Sen University - 8 Nguyễn Văn Tráng
Conservatory of Ho Chi Minh City - 112 Nguyen Du
Ho Chi Minh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities 1955 10 - 12 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City - 125 Cong Quynh

Tourist sights[edit]

Historical sights[edit]

The Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica, the Saigon Opera House, the Central Post Office, the City Hall, Phạm Ngũ Lão Street, the former Republic of Vietnam President's Reunification Palace, Rex Hotel are some of the most famous historical tourism sights in District 1. Besides specific locations like those mentioned, basically every street in District 1 built and designed since 1946 was by the French. Most of the buildings constructed since the French colony era are still standing now, with most renovated recently.

Tourist sights
Lê Lợi Street (Đường Lê Lợi), Dist. 1, Saigon in the 1960s 
Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica 
Reunification Palace 
Rex Hotel 
Central Post Office 
City Hall 
Inner decor of the Central Post Office 
City Opera House 
District 1 Skyline from Saigon River

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved March 20, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b HCMC city government
  3. ^ a b http://www.quan1.com/
  4. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 10 April 1969. 557. "Head Office: 116 Boulevard Nguyen-Hue. Saigon. South Vietnam."
  5. ^ http://edu.hochiminhcity.gov.vn/PGDQH/Phong01/donvi.htm