District Councils of Bangladesh

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Constitution

District Council or Zila parishad, or zilla parishad is a local government body at the district level in Bangladesh.[1] The Bengali word parishad means council and zila parishad translates to district council.

History[edit]

District Council or Zila parishad was constituted with official members and nominated members.[clarification needed] Half of the members of District Council were elected by the Chairman of Union Parishad and town Committees in the district and the government appointed the remaining half.[2]

Constitution[edit]

The Constitution of Bangladesh states that local government bodies will consist of elected representatives[3] but this has rarely been the case in history.[2]

Administrative structure[edit]

The Deputy commissioner (popularly abbreviated to "DC") of the District became the ex officio chairman of the District council.[4] He is appointed by the government from a Deputy secretary of B.C.S. Administration Cadre. He is also called District magistrate.

Functions[edit]

The functions of the District Council include construction and maintenance of roads, and bridges, building hospitals and dispensaries, schools and educational institutions, health facilities and sanitation, tube wells for drinking water, rest houses, and coordination of activities of the Union Parishads within the District.

Sources of Income[edit]

In addition to a grant from the government, District Councils are empowered to have a fund based on taxes, rates, fees, tolls, cess, etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kamal Siddiqui. "Local Government". In Sirajul Islam. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ a b M Abdul Latif Mondal (6 April 2011). "Non-elected Zila Parishad?". The Daily Star. 
  3. ^ "Chapter III: Local Government". Constitution of Bangladesh. 
  4. ^ http://www.mopa.gov.bd/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=415&Itemid=484