District of Columbia Department of Corrections
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The DOC was first established as an agency in 1946, when the District Jail (built 1872) was combined with the Lorton Correctional Complex. The latter began as a workhouse for male prisoners in 1910, but later expanded to include eight prisons on 3,000 acres (12 km2) of land in Lorton, Fairfax County, Virginia.
The DOC operates the Central Detention Facility (DC Jail) with an inmate capacity of 2,164. The DC Jail houses adult males; the DC Jail includes pre-trial prisoners, convicted misdemeanants, and convicted felons who are going to be transferred to the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The current DC Jail opened in 1976.
The Correctional Treatment Facility (CTF), which the district established in 1992, is located adjacent to the DC Jail. The 8 story structure, located on 10.2 acres (4.1 ha) of land, consists of five multi-story buildings that appear like one large building. The CTF houses medium security male prisoners. In addition the CTF houses adult females and juveniles who have been sentenced as adults. The district began contracting operations of the CTF to the Corrections Corporation of America after it signed a 20 year contract with the CCA in March 1997.
The department has contracts with four private and independently operated halfway houses: Efforts from Ex-Convicts, Extended House, Inc., Fairview, and Hope Village. The US District Court for DC and the Superior Court of DC place pretrial offenders and sentenced misdemeanants in halfway houses as an alternative to incarceration. The halfway houses offer a variety of educational opportunities and other programming services.
With the passage of the National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act of 1997, the Department of Corrections transferred the sentenced felon population formerly housed at the Lorton Correctional Complex to the Federal Bureau of Prisons and discontinued operations there on December 31, 2001.
Central Detention Facility
- Ingmar Guandique, suspect in the murder of Chandra Levy
- Raymond Joshua, the protagonist in the 1998 film Slam.
- Timberg, Craig. "At Va.'s Toughest Prison, Tight Controls." Washington Post. Sunday April 18, 1999. C1. Retrieved on January 16, 2010.
- "Frequently Asked Questions." District of Columbia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on February 21, 2011.
- "Central Detention Facility." District of Columbia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on February 21, 2011.
- "Correctional Treatment Facility." District of Columbia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on February 21, 2011.
- "Levy slaying suspect arrives in DC for court date." Associated Press at The Guardian. April 22, 2009. Retrieved on February 21, 2011. "The inmate has been kept in a D.C. jail since his arrival Monday from a Federal Bureau of Prisons transfer center in Oklahoma City."