Local government in Northern Ireland

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is divided into 26 districts for local government purposes. In Northern Ireland local councils do not carry out the same range of functions as those in the rest of the United Kingdom, for example they have no responsibility for education, road building or housing (though they do nominate members to the advisory Northern Ireland Housing Council). Their functions include waste and recycling services, leisure and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. They are not planning authorities, but are consulted on some planning applications. The collection of rates is handled by the Land and Property Services agency. The 26 districts are variously styled districts, boroughs, cities, or city and district (in one case).

Districts and councils[edit]

Districts

There are 26 districts, each with a district council, which may be styled borough or city council if it has borough or city status.

District Council No. on
map
Antrim Antrim Borough Council 1
Ards Ards Borough Council 2
Armagh Armagh City and District Council 3
Ballymena Ballymena Borough Council 4
Ballymoney Ballymoney Borough Council 5
Banbridge Banbridge District Council 6
Belfast Belfast City Council 7
Carrickfergus Carrickfergus Borough Council 8
Castlereagh Castlereagh Borough Council 9
Coleraine Coleraine Borough Council 10
Cookstown Cookstown District Council 11
Craigavon Craigavon Borough Council 12
Derry Derry City Council 13
Down Down District Council 14
Dungannon and South Tyrone Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council 15
Fermanagh Fermanagh District Council 16
Larne Larne Borough Council 17
Limavady Limavady Borough Council 18
Lisburn Lisburn City Council 19
Magherafelt Magherafelt District Council 20
Moyle Moyle District Council 21
Newry and Mourne Newry and Mourne District Council 22
Newtownabbey Newtownabbey Borough Council 23
North Down North Down Borough Council 24
Omagh Omagh District Council 25
Strabane Strabane District Council 26

History[edit]

The current pattern of local government in Northern Ireland, with 26 councils, was established in 1973 by the Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971 and the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972 to replace the previous system established by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898. The system is based on the recommendations of the Macrory Report, of June 1970, which presupposed the continued existence of the Government of Northern Ireland to act as a regional-level authority.[1]

From 1921 to 1973, Northern Ireland was divided into six administrative counties (subdivided into urban and rural districts) and two county boroughs. The counties and county boroughs continue to exist for the purposes of lieutenancy and shrievalty.[2] This system, with the abolition of rural districts, remains the model for local government in the Republic of Ireland. See: List of rural and urban districts in Northern Ireland for more details.

Elections[edit]

Councillors are elected for a four-year term of office under the single transferable vote (STV) system. Elections were last held in May 2011 and are due again in May 2015. To qualify for election, a councillor candidate must be:

In addition, he or she must either:

  • be a local elector for the district, or
  • have, during the whole of the 12-month period prior to the election, either owned or occupied land in the district, or else resided or worked in the district.

The results of the last election, held on 5 May 2011, are summarised below.[3]

Party Seats won Change from
2005
First Pref. % Change from
2005
DUP 175 -3 27.2% -2.4%
Sinn Féin 138 +9 24.8% +1.5%
UUP 99 -16 15.2% -2.7%
SDLP 87 -14 15.0% -2.4%
Alliance 44 +14 7.4% +2.5%
TUV 6 +6 2.0% +2.0%
Green (NI) 3 1.0% +0.1%
PUP 2 0.6% -0.1%
UKIP 1 +1 0.4% +0.4%
Other parties 0 -3 1.3% -0.1%
Independents 27 +6 5.1% +1.6%
TOTAL 582

Combinations[edit]

The districts are combined for various purposes.

Education and Library Boards[edit]

There are currently five education and library boards (ELBs) in Northern Ireland.

As part of the Review of Public Administration process, the library functions of the ELBs were taken over by a new body, the Northern Ireland Library Authority (branded Libraries NI) in April 2009.[4]

The education and skills functions were to have been centralised into a single Education and Skills Authority in January 2010, but this has been postponed.[5][6] As of June 2013, legislation was still pending but under active development.[7]

The boards are as follows:

Name Area
1. Belfast Northern Ireland Education.png
2. North Eastern Antrim, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Carrickfergus, Coleraine, Larne, Magherafelt, Moyle, Newtownabbey
3. South Eastern Ards, Castlereagh, Down, Lisburn and North Down
4. Southern Armagh, Banbridge, Cookstown, Craigavon, Dungannon and South Tyrone, Newry and Mourne
5. Western Derry, Fermanagh, Limavady, Omagh, Strabane

Eurostat NUTS level 3[edit]

In the Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), Northern Ireland is divided into five parts at level 3

Name Area
UKN01 Belfast NUTS 3 regions of Northern Ireland map.svg
UKN02 Outer Belfast Carrickfergus, Castlereagh, Lisburn, Newtownabbey, North Down
UKN03 East Antrim, Ards, Ballymena, Banbridge, Craigavon, Down, Larne
UKN04 North Ballymoney, Coleraine, Derry, Limavady, Moyle, Strabane
UKN05 West and South Armagh, Cookstown, Dungannon, Fermanagh, Magherafelt, Newry and Mourne, Omagh

Former Health and Social Services Boards[edit]

There were four health and social services boards which were replaced by a single Health and Social Care Board in April 2009.[8]

The former health and social services boards were as follows:

Name Area
1. Eastern Ards, Belfast, Castlereagh, Down, Lisburn, North Down Northern Ireland Health Boards.png
2. Northern Antrim, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Carrickfergus, Coleraine, Cookstown, Larne, Magherafelt, Moyle, Newtownabbey
3. Southern Armagh, Banbridge, Craigavon, Dungannon and South Tyrone, Newry and Mourne
4. Western Derry, Fermanagh, Limavady, Omagh, Strabane

Reform[edit]

In June 2002, the Northern Ireland Executive established a Review of Public Administration to review the arrangements for the accountability, development, administration and delivery of public services. Among its recommendations were a reduction in the number of districts.[9] In 2005 Peter Hain, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, announced proposals to reduce the number of councils to seven.[10] The names and boundaries of the seven districts were announced in March 2007.[11] In March 2008 the restored Northern Executive agreed to create eleven new councils instead of the original seven.[12][13][14] The first elections were due to take place in May 2011. However by May 2010 disagreements among parties in the executive over district boundaries were expected to delay the reforms until 2015.[15] In June 2010 the proposed reforms were abandoned following the failure of the Northern Ireland Executive to reach agreement.[16][17] However, on 12 March 2012, the Northern Ireland Executive published its programme for government, which included a commitment to reduce the number of councils in Northern Ireland to 11.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Report of the Review Body on Local Government in Northern Ireland 1970. Chairman: Patrick A. Macrory, Esq. (Cmnd 546 )". CAIN Web Service – Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland (University of Ulster). Belfast: HMSO. June 1970. Retrieved 16 September 2011. 
  2. ^ The Northern Ireland (Lieutenancy) Order 1975 (S.I. 1975 No.156)
  3. ^ BBC. "Northern Ireland Council Elections". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  4. ^ librariesni.org.uk – News, Campbell officially launches a new era in libraries. Ni-libraries.net. Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
  5. ^ 09 December 2008 – Assembly Supports New Education Authority | Northern Ireland Executive. Northernireland.gov.uk (9 December 2008). Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/about-the-department/8-admin-of-education-pg/education-and-skills-authority/latest-developments.htm
  8. ^ Health and Social Care Board
  9. ^ "Review of Public Administration". Northern Ireland Executive. Retrieved 8 July 2010. [dead link]
  10. ^ Major reform of local government, BBC News
  11. ^ Revised Recommendations for new council boundaries unveiled, press release, 30 March 2007
  12. ^ NI councils reduced from 26 to 11
  13. ^ Proposal for 11 new NI councils, BBC News
  14. ^ Foster announces the future shape of local government, NI Executive
  15. ^ "Plan to cut Northern Ireland councils may be delayed until 2015". Belfast Telegraph. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  16. ^ "The executive fails to agree a deal on council reform". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  17. ^ "Local Government Association Incensed as Minister Stops the Reform Process". Northern Ireland Local Government Association. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  18. ^ "Priority 5: Delivering High Quality and Efficient Public Services; Key Commitments". Programme for Government 2011–15. Belfast: Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 

External links[edit]