Distrito Nacional

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Coordinates: 18°30′0″N 69°59′0″W / 18.50000°N 69.98333°W / 18.50000; -69.98333
Distrito Nacional
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Santo Domingo de Guzmán
 - elevation 14 m (46 ft)
 - coordinates 18°30′0″N 69°59′0″W / 18.50000°N 69.98333°W / 18.50000; -69.98333
Area 104.44 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population 1,162,749 (2014) [1]
Density 11,133 / km2 (28,834 / sq mi)
District since 1932
Subdivisions 1 municipalities
0 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
18 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-01
Postal Code 10100 to 10699
Location of the Distrito Nacional
Website: http://www.adn.gov.do

The Distrito Nacional (Spanish pronunciation: [disˈtɾito naθjoˈnal]) (D.N.) is a subdivision of the Dominican Republic enclosing the capital Santo Domingo. It is not within any of the provinces, but in practice it acts as province on its own. Before October 16, 2001, the Distrito Nacional was much larger, including what is now known as Santo Domingo Province. Published statistics and maps generally show the former, larger, Distrito Nacional. The Distrito Nacional has no rural or undeveloped areas.

Points of interest[edit]

Poligono Central[edit]

The Poligono Central is the central area of Santo Domingo. Upscale neighborhoods of Naco, Piantini, and Paraiso are located within this central poligon. Most of the financial activity in Santo Domingo is also located in the poligon.

Central Government[edit]

The Distrito Nacional houses the central government's executive branch Presidential Office (Palacio Nacional), the national congressional building (Congreso Nacional) and the top judicial court building (Suprema Corte de Justicia). It also houses all the nationwide public office's main buildings, called Ministerios (formerly Secretarías de Estado).

Ciudad Colonial[edit]

For the main article, please select Ciudad Colonial.

The Ciudad Colonial (lit. "Colonial City") is the oldest continually occupied European settlement in the Western hemisphere, established by Bartholomew Columbus and the Spanish explorers in the New World. It has several historic landmarks and is declared as World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.


There are various nightlife activities available inside the Distrito Nacional. Upscale nightclubs, casinos, hotels, restaurants with international bars are widely available. Discothèque DJs and live performances caters both local sounds (merengue, salsa or bachata) and dance music (house, techno, trance, reggaeton, drum and bass, etc.) Most nightclubs alternate between the two main genres; some other clubs stick almost exclusively to either one. Several chain restaurants are available serving dinner up to midnight. Most restaurants within hotels don't close at all, and the majority of casinos serve complimentary snacks all night. Most restaurants are specialized on the following cuisines: Local, Italian, French, Steakhouse, Mexican, Spanish, Seafood, Chinese and Japanese). There are several movie cinemas that play movies in English (with subtitles) and are on par with worldwide premiers. Jazz music outlets, live theater, live concerts and sports events are available throghtout the whole week.


Distrito Nacional has several urban parks, the largest one, Parque Mirador Sur, overlooking the Caribbean Sea from a high cliff from the Avenida Mirador Sur (also called Avenida de la Salud - Health Avenue). It has several miles of open road designed for picnic, jogging and cycling. Roller skating and even Kendo are regularly practiced in areas of the park.

Other places worth mentioning are:


There are several shopping malls that represent international brands of clothing, electronic goods, gifts and the like. Banks, barber shops, internet cafés, travel agencies, dental offices and supermarkets can all be found under a single roof.


There are plenty of public (government funded) and private schools that offer teaching in both Spanish and English. Among the public universities is worth mentioning the first university of the Americas, Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, is located near the center-south of the city. The first private university, Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, has a campus nearby.


Metro de Santo Domingo[edit]

The Distrito Nacional boasts the first and only underground public transportation system in the country. The first line connects the Distrito Nacional with Santo Domingo Norte.

Public transportation[edit]

Other means of public transportation include: taxi services, public bus routes, urban transportation by bus, local airports and rent cars. International flights are handled by the near Las Américas International Airport. It can be reached from the city center through some 20 miles of recently-expanded expressway and new suspension bridge (Puente Presidente Juan Bosch).


The Distrito Nacional is represented in the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies on the same scale as a Province (a single Senator (Senador), plus one Deputy (Diputado) per 50,000 inhabitants). Its local government is the same as the provincial municipios, without the equivalent of a provincial tier of government.

Sectors of the District.

Sectores (neighborhoods)[edit]

The Distrito Nacional is subdivided in incorporated areas (neighbourhoods) called sectores which could be considered as small urban towns. All sectores are serviced directly by the municipal mayor's office (Alcalde).

Some sectores prefixes:

  • Ciudad (city) - applies to the original older parts of town, some dating back to colonial times;
  • Ensanche (lit. "widening") - usually, but not always, applied to the more "modern" parts of the city.
  • Villa - the urban outskirts of both the old city of Santo Domingo and the current (smaller) Distrito Nacional.
Sector Population[2]
Altos de Arroyo Hondo 29,312
Arroyo Manzano 20,271
Atala 18,647
Bella Vista 29,905
Buenos Aires-Independencia 15,622
Cacique 15,225
Centro de los Héroes 2,165
Centro Olímpico Duarte 38
Cerros de Arroyo Hondo 25,918
Ciudad Colonial 1,417
Ciudad Nueva 1,506
Ciudad Universitaria 35,790
Cristo Rey 44,605
Domingo Sabio 7,789
El Millón 11,009
Ensanche Capotillo 29,228
Ensanche Espaillat 26,510
Ensanche La Fé 46,325
Ensanche Luperón 14,996
Ensanche Naco 9,767
Gazcue 15,145
General Antonio Duvergé 12,682
Gualey 14,331
Honduras del Norte 10,394
Honduras del Oeste 10,245
Jardín Botánico 21
Jardín Zoológico 187
Jardines del Sur 4,238
Julieta Morales 15,590
La Agustina 14,848
La Esperilla 15,673
La Hondonada 19,894
La Isabela 18,685
La Julia 18,263
La Zurza 12,683
Los Cacicazgos 16,547
Los Jardines 18,628
Los Peralejos 7,040
Los Prados 13,182
Los Restauradores 6,601
Los Ríos 14,698
María Auxiliadora 33,489
Mata Hambre 13,573
Mejoramiento Social 42,222
Mirador Norte 42,450
Mirador Sur 44,379
Miraflores 40,698
Miramar 11,697
Nuestra Señora de la Paz 9,240
Nuevo Arroyo Hondo 21,444
Palma Real 8,259
Paraíso 27,543
Paseo de los Indios 7,089
Piantini 55,553
Puerto Isabela 40,698
Quisqueya 26,391
Renacimiento 23,194
San Carlos 27,529
San Diego 14,886
San Gerónimo 14,805
San Juan Bosco 22,438
Simón Bolívar 41,354
Treinta de Mayo 31,923
Tropical Metaldom 2,753
Veinticuatro de Abril 22,420
Viejo Arroyo Hondo 52,390
Villa Consuelo 57,227
Villa Francisca 52,286
Villa Juana 48,974
Villas Agricolas 2,265
Distrito Nacional 1,484,789

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia. "Estamaciones y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2014" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  2. ^ Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia. "Censos y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2012-05-12. 

External links[edit]