Diterpene, a type of terpene, is an organic compound composed of four isoprene units and has the molecular formula C20H32. They derive from geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate. Diterpenes form the basis for biologically important compounds such as retinol, retinal, and phytol. They are known to be antimicrobial and antiinflammatory.
Examples of diterpenes
- Abietic acid
- Guanacastepene A
- Taxadiene (precursor of taxol)
- Dodonaea petiolaris yields the diterpene ent-3β-acetoxy- 15,16-epoxylabda-8(17),13(16),14-trien-18-oic acid (C22H28O6) or its enantiomer.
- Salvia divinorum yields Salvinorin A, a psychotropic drug
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