Ditrău

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ditrău
Ditró
Commune
Skyline of Ditrău
Coat of arms of Ditrău
Coat of arms
Location of Ditrău
Location of Ditrău
Ditrău is located in Romania
Ditrău
Ditrău
Location of Ditrău
Coordinates: 46°49′0″N 25°31′0″E / 46.81667°N 25.51667°E / 46.81667; 25.51667Coordinates: 46°49′0″N 25°31′0″E / 46.81667°N 25.51667°E / 46.81667; 25.51667
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Ferenc Bardócz (Independent)
Area
 • Total 114.99 km2 (44.40 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,480
 • Density 51.69/km2 (133.9/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537090
Area code(s) +40 266

Ditrău ([diˈtrɘu]; Hungarian: Ditró or Gyergyóditró [ˈɟɛrɟoːditroː]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It is composed of three villages:

  • Ditrău / Ditró
  • Jolotca / Orotva
  • Ţengheler / Csengellér or Cengellér

It sits near Martonca River, above 714 m from the sea level. The highest point of Ditrău is the Piricske height. Ditrău was first registered in 1567, as Gitró, with 26 gates. There is a significant syenite reserve near the village.

History[edit]

Szent Katalin Church

The villages belonged first to the Székely seat of Gyergyószék, which was subsequently absorbed into Csíkszék, until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Hungarian Autonomous Province, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Hungarian Autonomous Province. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Székely (Hungarian) majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 5,480 of which 98.87% or 5,418 are Hungarian.

Economy[edit]

Once upon a time, the village was known for its mining activity - the ditroit, a marble-like sodalite stone used in constructions.

Local legends and tales[edit]

To be continued.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • "Szent Katalin Church", built in 1653.
  • Near "Szent Katalin Church" there is a 75m high church built between 1908 and 1913, which is known locally as the "big" church. This is the second highest church in this region. Its construction cost 8000 Hungarian koronas.

Natives[edit]

  • Tivadar Puskás (born 1844)
  • Lőrinc Siklódi (born 1876)
  • Aladár Vendl (born 1886)
  • Andor Csiby (born 1888)
  • Mária Vendl (born 1890)
  • Márton Tarisznyás (born 1927)

Twinnings[edit]

References[edit]