Divara van Haarlem

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Divara van Haarlem also spelled Dieuwertje Brouwersdr., (1511 in Haarlem – July 7, 1535 in Münster) was a Dutch Anabaptist, married to Jan van Leiden and by him proclaimed Queen of the Anabaptist regime in Münster.

Originally from Haarlem, where her father was a brewer, she followed the Anabaptist Jan Matthijsz van Haarlem to Münster. She was married to Jan Matthijsz, who was killed in battle outside the gates of Münster in 1534. She next married the prophet Jan van Leiden several months after the death of her first husband.[1]

Jan van Leiden made himself the spiritual and wordly leader of Münster and proclaimed Divara his queen. Jan's other wives included Elisabeth Wandscherer, who Jan ordered beheaded after she publicly questioned him.[2] Divara was given clothes, a necklace and a crown of gold, her own residence and court and presided over the distribution at the public communion of between 2,000-6,000 people which was held at the town square. Jan van Leiden instituted polygamy and took several more wives besides Divara and Elisabeth. (Most accounts state his total number of wives at 16.)[1] Divara gave birth to a daughter named Averall.[3] After the fall of the town Divara was executed by decapitation along with four other women.[1]

The opera Divara - Wasser und Blut (Water and Blood) by José Saramago and Azio Corghi was based upon her.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c C. Arnold Snyder, Linda Agnès Huebert Hecht, Profiles of Anabaptist women: sixteenth-century reforming pioneers, Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, 1996
  2. ^ K. J. S. Bostoen, Elmer Kolfin, Paul J. Smith, Tweelinge eener dragt: woord en beeld in de Nederlanden, 1500-1750, Uitgeverij Verloren, 2001
  3. ^ Sabine Baring-Gould, Historic oddities and strange events, Methuen & Co., 1891