Caesalpinia coriaria

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"Divi-divi" redirects here. For the Netherlands Antilles-based airline, see Divi Divi Air.
Caesalpinia coriaria
Dividivi on aruba.jpg
Divi-divi on Aruba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Caesalpinia
Species: C. coriaria
Binomial name
Caesalpinia coriaria
(Jacq.) Willd.
Synonyms

Poinciana coriaria Jacq.[1]

Caesalpinia coriaria is a leguminous tree or large shrub native to the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Common names include Divi-divi, Cascalote, Guaracabuya, Guatapana, Nacascol,[1] and Watapana (Aruba).

Description[edit]

Divi-divi with developed canopy.

C. coriaria rarely reaches its maximum height of 9 m (30 ft) because its growth is contorted by the trade winds that batter the exposed coastal sites where it often grows. In other environments it grows into a low dome shape with a clear sub canopy space. Leaves are bipinnate, with 5-10 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 15-25 pairs of leaflets; the individual leaflets are 7 mm long and 2 mm broad. The fruit is a twisted pod 5 cm (2.0 in) long.

The Divi-divi is one of the more well known species of Caesalpinia; it is the national tree of Curaçao.[2] It is also very common and popular on Aruba.

Leaves and pod

Chemistry[edit]

Tannins are extracted from Divi-divi pods for use in leather production.[3][4]

Among the molecules isolated is corilagin, whose name comes from the specific epithet of the plant.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Taxon: Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-03-26. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  2. ^ Sullivan, Lynne M. (2006). Adventure Guide to Aruba, Bonaire & Curaçao. Hunter Publishing Inc. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-58843-572-9. 
  3. ^ "Vegetable tannins". Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books. Conservation OnLine. 2011-03-10. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  4. ^ Perez-Tello, Carlos (1995). "Recovery of Vegetable Tannins from Divi-divi Pods". Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 64 (1): 101–104. doi:10.1002/jctb.280640116. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Caesalpinia coriaria at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Caesalpinia coriaria at Wikispecies