Divi Blasii, Mühlhausen
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2012)|
Divi Blasii Church in Mühlhausen, Germany, is a medieval church founded by the Teutonic Knights. Originally it was a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Blaise, but as a result of the Lutheran Reformation the dedication was amended to reflect the changed status of the saint. Thus the church is now known as Divi-Blasii-Kirche (Latin divi Blasii means "of Blaise the Divine").
Johann Sebastian Bach was organist of the church in 1707/8. Although he did not stay in the city long, the authorities recognised his musical abilities, and made him the consultant for the rebuilding of the organ, which was then a two manual instrument. Bach's specifications have survived: he required three manuals, pedals, and 37 stops. The project was undertaken by a respected local organ builder called J F Wender. Wender's previous work included a two manual instrument at St Boniface's, Arnstadt, where Bach worked before coming to Muhlhausen. The Muhlhausen organ was completed in 1709, by which time Bach had been succeeded as organist by his cousin Johann Friedrich Bach, but there is evidence suggesting Bach returned to the city to inaugurate the instrument.
Wender's organ of 1709 has not survived. However, the present instrument was built according to Bach's specifications. Albert Schweitzer, a leading figure in the Organ reform movement, acted as consultant on the reconstruction, which took place in the 1950s.
The church is currently closed during the winter months.
- "Muhlhausen". Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Johann Friedrich Wender (Organ Builder)". Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Hill, John. "The Church of Blaise the Divine (Divi-Blasii-Kirche)". Retrieved September 19, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Divi Blasii, Mühlhausen.|