Divided regions are transnational regions, islands, etc., (i.e. areas that are known under a common name) that may have at one time been a united sovereign state but are or have been subsequently politically divided by national borders, into separate sovereign and/or administrative divisions. The later qualification includes many reorganized regions within nation states blurring the pure "transnational" distinction, but retaining the sense of a historic region once governed together which is significant both historically and culturally.
Typically the divided parts still retain the common geographical placename, or a variation thereof, and may or may not be subject to irrendentist claims and territorial disputes. They are by their very nature situated in border areas.
Divided regions frequently have close cultural, economic and transportation ties and not infrequently authorities or commissions which smooth the process of co-operative efforts across their common borders.
- 1 Divided regions of Africa
- 2 Divided regions of Asia
- 3 Divided regions of Europe
- 4 Divided regions of North America
- 5 Divided regions of South America
- 6 Divided regions of Oceania
- 7 See also
Divided regions of Africa
- Congo (region)
- Guinea (region)
- Sudan (region)
Divided regions of Asia
- People's Republic of China
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- Kashmir (disputed)
- Cyprus (island) - is de-facto divided between Northern Cyprus and the Greek Republic of Cyprus in the southern part of the island
- Kurdistan, divided among Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey
- Land of Israel - is mostly included in modern State of Israel, but large parts are controlled by the State of Palestine (Judea and Samaria); the East Bank of Jordan (Perea) is included in the Kingdom of Jordan, while significant parts of the Golan Heights are within the Republic of Syria
- Palestine (region) - today the State of Palestine (former Palestinian Authority) controls about 40% of the West Bank, which is about 2,250 km2.; another 400 km2. are included in Gaza Strip, ruled by a Palestinian faction of Hamas. Much of the rest of the region of Palestine is controlled by the State of Israel
- Syria (region) - some would claim that part or all of modern Lebanon ought to be within Syria. Region of Syria also includes few parts of modern Southern Turkey, namely the Hatay Province (former Alexandretta) and the Israeli-controlled parts of Golan Heights. The Arab Kingdom of Syria had even larger territorial aspirations, seeking to control the Greater Syria.
- Armenia - while at present Armenia is essentially coextensive with the areas controlled by the government of Armenia (including a chunk of area controlled by Azerbaijan) much of historic Armenia is now in Turkey.
- Iraq - there is a common nationalist view, which sees the region of Iraq (Mesopotamia) also to include Kuwait and Khuzestan Province of Iran
Divided regions of Europe
- Basque Country, Spain and Northern Basque Country, France.
- Catalonia, Spain and Northern Catalonia, France.
- Ireland (island)
- Frisia (region)
- Galicia, between Poland and Ukraine
- Galicia, between Spain and Portugal
- Greece has since 1922 generally only referred to the modern nation state. However until that year a larger vision existed, including areas of Anatolia then heavily Greek, and all or virtually all, of Thrace.
- Lapland/Sápmi, divided into Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, and Russian "sides"
- Limburg— The border Duchy of Limburg.
- Luxembourg and Luxembourg province, Belgium.
- Pomerania (region)
- Schleswig (also South Jutland) – The former Danish Duchy of Schleswig was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866, which created the province of Schleswig-Holstein, the northern part of Schleswig came back to Denmark in 1920, while Southern Schleswig has remained a part of Germany since.
- Macedonia (region)
- Herzogenrath and Kerkrade— As is the case for many parts of Limburg, Herzogenrath changed hands several times in the last few centuries. Together with the (other) Southern Netherlands it was under Spanish control from 1661, Austrian between 1713 and 1795 and French between 1795 and 1813. In 1815, when the Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed (see Vienna Congress), the border was drawn through the town, the eastern part being Prussian town of Herzogenrath, the western part being Dutch Kerkrade. This division continues today.
- Gorizia (Italy) and Nova Gorica (Slovenia).
Divided regions of North America
- Virgin Islands
- Saint Martin
Sub-national divided regions in the USA
Provinces or States
- North Dakota and South Dakota
- North Carolina and South Carolina
- Virginia and West Virginia – Split during the American Civil War in 1861 as the western counties voted to remain in the Union, and the geographical barrier of the Appalachians disabled the ability of the more populous eastern counties from preventing the succession by force of arms, which forces were preoccupied with the Army of the Potomac stationed in Washington, D.C., which itself was on the border of Virginia.
Divided regions of South America
- Amazonas: Amazonas (Brazilian state), Amazonas Department (Colombia), Amazonas Region (Peru) and Amazonas (Venezuelan state).
- Patagonia of Chile and Argentina
- Tierra del Fuego of Chile and Argentina
Divided regions of Oceania
- Samoan Islands
- New Guinea