Division of Fremantle

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This article is about the Australian federal electorate. For the Western Australian state electorate, see Electoral district of Fremantle.
Fremantle
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Fremantle 2010.png
Division of Fremantle (green) in Western Australia
Created 1901
MP Melissa Parke
Party Labor
Namesake Fremantle
Electors 100,902 (2013)
Area 201 km2 (77.6 sq mi)
Demographic Inner Metropolitan

The Division of Fremantle is an electoral division of the Australian House of Representatives in Western Australia.

The division was created at Federation in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the city of Fremantle, which in turn is named for Captain Charles Fremantle, captain of HMS Challenger, which brought the first settlers to Western Australia. The Division is located in the southern suburbs of Perth, and includes the entirety of the City of Fremantle, City of Cockburn, and Town of East Fremantle, as well as Rottnest Island and a portion of the City of Melville.

As originally drawn, it included nearly all of Perth's southwestern suburbs. On these boundaries, the seat frequently changed hands between the Australian Labor Party and the conservative parties for the first three decades of its existence. However, Labor has held the seat without interruption since 1934, and for all but one term since 1928. The 1949 expansion of Parliament made Fremantle even safer for Labor by shifting most of its northern portion to the newly created Division of Curtin. Since then, it has usually been one of the safest Labor seats in Australia. It was nearly lost in the landslides of 1975 and 1977, but since then the Liberals have only garnered as much as 45 percent of the two-party vote twice, in 1996 and 2013.

Over the years, Fremantle has been held by a succession of senior Labor figures. The seat's best-known member was John Curtin, who was Prime Minister of Australia from 1941 to 1945. Other high-profile members were Kim Beazley (senior), a minister in the Whitlam Government; John Dawkins, a minister in the Hawke and Keating Governments; and Carmen Lawrence, the former Premier of Western Australia and a minister in the Keating Government. Lawrence retired at the 2007 election. She was succeeded by Melissa Parke, a former United Nations lawyer and a minister in the second Rudd Government.

Members[edit]

Member Party Term
  Elias Solomon Free Trade 1901–1903
  William Carpenter Labor 1903–1906
  William Hedges Western Australian 1906–1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 1909–1913
  Reginald Burchell Labor 1913–1916
  National Labor 1916–1917
  Nationalist 1917–1922
  William Watson Independent 1922–1928
  John Curtin Labor 1928–1931
  William Watson United Australia 1931–1934
  John Curtin Labor 1934–1945
  Kim Beazley (senior) Labor 1945–1977
  John Dawkins Labor 1977–1994
  Carmen Lawrence Labor 1994–2007
  Melissa Parke Labor 2007–present

Election results[edit]

Australian federal election, 2013: Fremantle
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labor Melissa Parke 35,554 40.82 +1.88
Liberal Matthew Hanssen 33,219 38.14 −0.43
Greens Jordon Steele-John 10,354 11.89 −5.76
Palmer United Vashil Sharma 3,451 3.96 +3.96
Christians Owen Mulder 1,163 1.34 +1.34
Katter's Australian Richard McNaught 1,061 1.22 +1.22
Family First Jim McCourt 811 0.93 −0.78
Socialist Alliance Sam Wainwright 743 0.85 +0.05
Rise Up Australia Philip Scott 416 0.48 +0.48
Protectionist Teresa van Lieshout 205 0.24 +0.24
CEC Ron Rowlands 131 0.15 +0.15
Total formal votes 87,108 93.64 −0.93
Informal votes 5,916 6.36 +0.93
Turnout 93,024 92.26 −0.97
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Melissa Parke 47,705 54.77 −0.93
Liberal Matthew Hanssen 39,403 45.23 +0.93
Labor hold Swing −0.93

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°06′11″S 115°47′24″E / 32.103°S 115.790°E / -32.103; 115.790