Division of Parramatta

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This article is about the Australian federal electorate. For the New South Wales state electorate, see Electoral district of Parramatta.
Parramatta
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Parramatta 2010.png
Division of Parramatta (green) in New South Wales
Created 1901
MP Julie Owens
Party Labor
Namesake Parramatta, New South Wales
Electors 98,565 (2013)[1]
Area 56 km2 (21.6 sq mi)
Demographic Inner Metropolitan

The Division of Parramatta is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the locality of Parramatta. The name Parramatta has been sourced to an Aboriginal word for the area. The Darug people had lived in the area for many generations, and regarded the area as a food bowl, rich in food from the river and forests. They called the area Baramada or Burramatta ('Parramatta') which means "the place where the eels lie down".[2]

The division is based in the western suburbs of Sydney. Besides Parramatta, it includes Constitution Hill, Dundas Valley, Granville, Harris Park, Holroyd, Mays Hill, North Parramatta, Oatlands, Old Toongabbie, Rosehill, Rydalmere, Telopea, Wentworthville, Westmead and parts of Dundas, Ermington, Guildford, Merrylands, Merrylands West, Northmead, North Rocks, Pendle Hill, South Granville and South Wentworthville.

The current Member for the Division of Parramatta, since the 2004 federal election, is Julie Owens, a member of the Australian Labor Party.

History[edit]

The seat was held by the Liberals and their predecessors for all but one term from Federation until 1977. However, since 1977 it has been located between Labor's traditional heartland of western Sydney and the traditional Liberal stronghold of the North Shore. As a result, whenever the seat is redistributed, a shift of a few kilometres to the west or north can radically alter its political landscape.[3] For instance, a 1977 redistribution turned it from a safe Liberal seat into a marginal Labor seat. The Liberal incumbent, Phillip Ruddock, opted to transfer to the much friendlier Dundas (carved out of the more Liberal-friendly areas of his old seat), allowing John Brown to become only the second Labor member ever to win it.

More recently, the 2006 redistribution shifted Parramata from marginally Labor to notionally marginally Liberal (as defined by the Australian Electoral Commission). Nevertheless, as was widely expected[4] at the 2007 federal election, the incumbent Labor member, Julie Owens, held the seat ahead of Liberal candidate Colin Robinson, a member of the Electrical Trades Union,[4] with an increased majority.

Owens has subsequently been re-elected at the 2010 and 2013 elections. The latter victory came as Labor lost government, marking the second time (her 2004 win being the first) that the Liberals and their predecessors have been in government without holding Parramatta.

Prominent members of Parramatta over the years have included (Sir) Joseph Cook, a former Prime Minister; (Sir) Garfield Barwick and Nigel Bowen, both of whom served as Attorney-General before moving to senior judicial position, Barwick as Chief Justice of the High Court. Ruddock, a former Attorney-General and Immigration Minister also represented the seat (though he was the member for Berowra by then); as did Brown, a former Sports Minister.[3]

Members[edit]

Member Party Term
  (Sir) Joseph Cook Free Trade, Anti-Socialist 1901–1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 1909–1917
  Nationalist 1917–1921
  Herbert Pratten Nationalist 1921–1922
  Eric Bowden Nationalist 1922–1929
  Albert Rowe Labor 1929–1931
  (Sir) Frederick Stewart United Australia 1931–1945
  Liberal 1945–1946
  Howard Beale Liberal 1946–1958
  Sir Garfield Barwick Liberal 1958–1964
  Nigel Bowen Liberal 1964–1973
  Philip Ruddock Liberal 1973–1977
  John Brown Labor 1977–1990
  Paul Elliott Labor 1990–1996
  Ross Cameron Liberal 1996–2004
  Julie Owens Labor 2004–present

Election results[edit]

Australian federal election, 2013: Parramatta[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Martin Zaiter 35,724 44.31 +3.59
Labor Julie Owens 33,261 41.26 −3.20
Greens Phil Bradley 4,261 5.29 −2.67
Christian Democrats Alex Sharah 1,957 2.43 −0.64
Palmer United Gary Loke 1,760 2.18 +2.18
Democratic Labour Miechele Williams 1,626 2.02 +2.02
Independent Kalpesh Patel 1,204 1.49 −0.34
One Nation Tania Rollinson 822 1.02 +1.02
Total formal votes 80,615 89.48 −1.87
Informal votes 9,474 10.52 +1.87
Turnout 90,089 91.40 +0.19
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Julie Owens 40,765 50.57 −3.80
Liberal Martin Zaiter 39,850 49.43 +3.80
Labor hold Swing −3.80

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NSW Division - Parramatta, NSW". Virtual Tally Room, Election 2013. Australian Electoral Commission. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Troy, Jakelin. "The Sydney Language". Macquarie Aboriginal Words. Sydney: Macquarie Library. p. 76. 
  3. ^ a b Green, Antony (2010). "Parramattta". Australia votes 2010 (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 
  4. ^ a b Carr, Adam (2007). "Division of Parramatta". Guide to the 2007 Federal Election. Retrieved 22 September 2007. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°48′32″S 151°00′40″E / 33.809°S 151.011°E / -33.809; 151.011