Division of Wakefield
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Wakefield (green) in South Australia
|Namesake||Edward Gibbon Wakefield|
|Area||6,407 km2 (2,473.8 sq mi)|
The Division of Wakefield is an Australian electoral division in the state of South Australia. It is located north of Adelaide, incorporating the outer northern suburbs of Salisbury and Elizabeth, and extending north as far as Clare. It covers the east coast of the Gulf St Vincent north of Adelaide, all the way to Port Wakefield. It also includes the towns of Balaklava, Tarlee, Kapunda and Gawler.
The Division was named after Edward Gibbon Wakefield, who promoted colonisation as a tool for social engineering, plans which formed the basis for settlements in South Australia, Western Australia, New Zealand and Canada. The division was one of the seven established when the former Division of South Australia was redistributed on 2 October 1903. It was first contested at the 1903 federal election. Two of the seat's former members have been Speaker of the House, Neil Andrew (1998–2004) and the seat's first member Hon Sir Frederick Holder, who was the inaugural speaker as well as two time Premier of South Australia.
Before the redistribution for the 2004 election, Wakefield was predominantly rural with a large Liberal margin, including the Barossa Valley area, but not the Salisbury, Elizabeth and Smithfield areas. The northern suburbs were added to Wakefield when the safe Labor seat of Bonython was abolished by the redistribution. This created a hybrid urban-rural seat that was marginally Labor on paper, prompting Andrew to retire. The Liberals held it in 2004, but in 2007 Nick Champion became only the third Labor member ever to win it. In 2010, Chanpion technically made it a safe Labor seat by winning 62 percent of the two-party vote. He retained it in 2013 even as Labor lost government, marking only the second time the non-Labor parties have been in government without holding Wakefield.
|Sir Frederick Holder||Independent||1903–1909|
|Richard Foster||Commonwealth Liberal||1909–1917|
|Jack Duncan-Hughes||United Australia||1940–1943|
|(Sir) Philip McBride||Liberal||1946–1958|
|Australian federal election, 2013: Wakefield|
|Family First||Paul Coombe||5,436||5.98||−0.70|
|Palmer United||Dino Musolino||3,890||4.28||+4.28|
|Katter's Australian||Tony Musolino||964||1.06||+1.06|
|Total formal votes||90,850||94.31||+0.38|