Divriği (Greek: Τεφρική; Tephrike) is a town and a district of Sivas Province of Turkey. The town lies on gentle slope on the south bank of the Çaltısuyu river, a tributary of the Karasu river.
During the Byzantine period the town, then called Tephrike, was an important stronghold for the dualist heretic Armenian Paulicians. Their leader, Karbeas, founded it ca. 850, and the Paulicians fortified it and used it as refuge and the capital of their state during the ninth century. It was captured by the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Basil I and was temporarily named Leontokome (after Emperor Leo VI) and made into a thema. In the early eleventh century, the town was part of the territory given to the Armenian king Senekerim-Hovhannes in exchange for his lands in Vaspurakan. Around 1071, after the battle of Manzikert, the area was conquered by the Seljuk Bey Mengujek Gazi. A medieval castle, with remains mostly from the thirteenth century, exists on top of a steep hill overlooking the town.
In 1228-29, while Divriği was under the rule of the Mengujekids, Emir Ahmed Shah commissioned a mosque (Divriği Great Mosque - Divriği Ulu Camii in Turkish) which stands mostly intact. The mosque, along with the adjoining hospital (Darüşşifa), built at the same time as the mosque by Turan Melek Sultan, daughter of the Mengujek ruler of Erzincan, Fahreddin Behram Shah, are on UNESCO's World Heritage List by virtue of the exquisite carvings and architecture of both buildings. The complex is considered to be one of the most important works of architecture in Anatolia. The geometrical and floral patterned reliefs found on the main door in particular attract great interest.
- (Book cover) Oktay Aslanapa (1991). Anadolu'da ilk Türk mimarisi: Başlangıcı ve gelişmesi (Early Turkish architecture in Anatolia: Beginnings and development) ISBN 975-16-0264-5 (in Turkish). AKM Publications, Ankara.
Double headed eagle, Great Mosque
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği