Dixon Springs State Park
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|Dixon Springs State Park|
|U.S. state of Illinois showing the location of Dixon Springs State Park|
|Location||Pope County, Illinois, USA|
|Nearest city||Golconda, Illinois|
|Area||801 acres (324.2 ha)|
|Governing body||Illinois Department of Natural Resources|
Dixon Springs State Park is an Illinois state park in Pope County, Illinois, USA, and is one of several state parks in the Illinois Shawnee Hills. The park is on a giant block of rock which was dropped 200 feet (61 m) along a fault line that extends northwesterly across Pope County.
The area around the park was occupied by various tribes of Algonquins who, after the Shawnee had been driven from Tennessee, had settled near the mouth of the Wabash River. Dixon Springs was one of their favorite camping grounds and was called "Kitchemuske-nee-be" for the Great Medicine Waters.
One of the better known Indian trails, which the early French called the "Grand Trace," passed to the west of the park and south to Fort Massac, then branched out into lesser trails. Much of the "Grand Trace" is Illinois Route 145, one of the most scenic highways in the state, running nearly all of its length south from Harrisburg, Illinois through the Shawnee National Forest.
Dixon Springs takes its name from William Dixon, one of the first white settlers to build a home in this section, who obtained a school land warrant in 1848 from Governor Augustus C. French. His cabin was a landmark for many years as was an old log church on the adjoining knoll.
Dixon Springs became a 19th-century health spa which attracted hundreds to the seven springs of mineral-enriched water. A bathhouse provided mineral or soft water baths, hot or cold, available at any time. The natural beauty of the area and its interesting stone formations helped to give the park valley a more equable temperature in the summer than most of southern Illinois. This made the resort so popular that people came by steamboat excursions from as far away as Paducah, Kentucky, Evansville, Indiana, and Cairo to Golconda. They then traveled by train to within a couple of miles of the park.
- "Dixon Springs - State Park". Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2007-04-05.
- USGS. "Dixon Springs State Park, USGS Glendale (IL) Quad". TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-07-05.