Dixon v. Alabama

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Dixon v. Alabama, 294 F. 2d 150 (5th Cir. 1961) was a landmark 1961 U.S. federal court decision that spelled the end of the doctrine that colleges and universities could act in loco parentis to discipline or expel their students.[1] It has been called "the leading case on due process for students in public higher education".[2]

The case arose when Alabama State College, a then-segregated black college, expelled six students, including the named appellant, St. John Dixon, for unspecified reasons, but presumably because of their participation in civil rights demonstrations. The college, acting in loco parentis, expelled them without a hearing. The case was appealed to the Fifth Circuit, which held that a public college could not expel students without at least minimal due process.[1]

The case was heard by a panel of John Minor Wisdom, Richard Rives, and Benjamin Franklin Cameron. Cameron dissented from the opinion of the court.

Thurgood Marshall was among the counsel for the appellants.[2][3]

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  1. ^ a b (Hoover 2008, p. 34)
  2. ^ a b (Smith 2008, p. 484)
  3. ^ "St. John Dixon et al., Appellants, v. Alabama State Board of Education et al., Appellees". Justia.com U.S. Court of Appeals Cases & Opinions. Justia. 1961-08-04. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 

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