Django Unchained

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Django Unchained
Django Unchained Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Quentin Tarantino
Produced by
Written by Quentin Tarantino
Cinematography Robert Richardson
Edited by Fred Raskin
Distributed by The Weinstein Company (North America)
Columbia Pictures (other territories)
Release dates
  • December 11, 2012 (2012-12-11) (Ziegfeld Theatre)
  • December 25, 2012 (2012-12-25) (United States)
Running time 165 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $100 million[2]
Box office $425.4 million[2]

Django Unchained (/ˈæŋɡ/) is a 2012 American western film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. It is a highly stylized variation of the spaghetti Western, which takes place in the Old West and Antebellum South. The film stars Jamie Foxx, Christoph Waltz, Leonardo DiCaprio, Kerry Washington, and Samuel L. Jackson, and was released December 25, 2012 in North America.

The story is set in early winter and then spring, during the antebellum era of the Deep South with preliminary scenes taking place in Old West Texas. The film follows Django (Foxx), an African-American slave, and Dr. King Schultz, an English-speaking, German bounty hunter posing as a traveling dentist. In exchange for helping Schultz collect a large bounty on three outlaws, Schultz buys and then promises to free Django after they catch the outlaws the following spring. Schultz subsequently promises to teach Django bounty hunting, and split the bounties with him, if Django assists him in hunting down other outlaws throughout the winter. Django agrees – on the condition that they also locate and free his long-lost wife (Washington) from her cruel plantation owner (DiCaprio).

The film was a major critical and commercial success, and was nominated for several film industry awards, including five Academy Awards. Waltz won several accolades for his performance, among them Best Supporting Actor at the Golden Globes, BAFTAs, and Academy Awards. Tarantino won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, as well as the Golden Globe, and the BAFTA. The film grossed over $425 million worldwide in theaters against its $100 million budget, making it Tarantino's highest-grossing theatrical release.


Somewhere in Texas in the year 1858, several male African slaves are being 'driven' by the Speck Brothers, Ace and Dicky. Among the shackled slaves is Django, sold off and separated from his wife, Broomhilda. The Speck Brothers are stopped by Dr. King Schultz, a German dentist and bounty hunter from Düsseldorf. Schultz asks to buy one of the slaves, but while questioning Django about his knowledge of the Brittle Brothers, for whom Schultz is carrying a warrant, he irritates Ace who aims his shotgun at Schultz. Schultz quickly kills Ace and leaves Dicky at the mercy of the other newly freed slaves, who shoot him in the head. Since Django can identify the Brittle Brothers, Schultz offers Django his freedom in exchange for his help in tracking them down. After executing the Brittles, Django partners with Schultz through the winter and becomes his apprentice. Schultz explains that, being the first person he has ever given freedom to, he feels vaguely responsible for Django and is driven to help him in his quest to rescue Broomhilda.

Django, now fully trained, collects his first bounty, keeping the handbill as a good luck charm. In Mississippi, Schultz uncovers the identity of Broomhilda's owner: Calvin Candie, the charming but brutal owner of the Candyland plantation, where slaves are forced to fight to the death in wrestling matches called "Mandingo fights." Schultz, expecting Candie will demand an exorbitant amount if they are forthright, devises a ruse to feign interest in purchasing one of Candie's prized fighters, offer to purchase Broomhilda on the side for a reasonable sum, then take her and disappear before the Mandingo deal is finalized. Schultz and Django meet Candie at a club in Greenville and submit their offer. His greed tickled, Candie invites them to Candyland. After he secretly briefs Broomhilda on the plan, Schultz claims to be charmed by the German-speaking Broomhilda.

During dinner, Candie's staunchly loyal house slave, Stephen, becomes suspicious. Deducing that Django and Broomhilda know each other and that the sale of the Mandingo fighter is a misdirection, Stephen alerts Candie, who subsequently extorts the bounty hunters for the complete bid amount. Schultz yields and after the money is paid and paperwork signed, Candie taunts Schultz by demanding a formal handshake to finalize the deal. Schultz instead kills Candie by shooting him through the heart with a concealed derringer. He apologizes to Django before he is fatally shot by one of Candie's henchmen. In the ensuing gun battle, Django kills many of the remaining henchmen but surrenders once Broomhilda is taken hostage at gunpoint.

The next morning, Django is informed by Stephen that he will be sold to a mine to work for the remainder of his days. En route to the mine, Django proves to his escorts that he is a bounty hunter by showing them the handbill from his first kill. He then convinces them of a very large bounty for a man back at Candyland, of which they would receive the majority, should Django be released. Once Django is uncuffed and given a pistol, he kills his captors, takes their dynamite and rides back to Candyland.

Returning to the plantation, Django discovers Schultz's body, takes Broomhilda's freedom papers and says goodbye to his fallen mentor. Django releases Broomhilda from her cell. When Candie's mourners return from his funeral, Django guns down Candie's remaining henchmen and his sister Lara, releases the house servants, and kneecaps Stephen. As Stephen angrily curses him, Django ignites the dynamite he has planted throughout the mansion. He and Broomhilda watch from a distance as the mansion explodes, killing Stephen, before riding off.


Jamie Foxx, Christoph Waltz, Kerry Washington and Samuel L. Jackson in Paris at the film's France premiere, January 2013.

Other roles include Russ Tamblyn as Son of a Gunfighter, Amber Tamblyn as Daughter of a Son of a Gunfighter, Don Stroud as Sheriff Bill Sharp, Bruce Dern as Old Man Carrucan, M. C. Gainey as Big John Brittle, Cooper Huckabee as Lil Raj Brittle, Doc Duhame as Ellis Brittle, Jonah Hill as Bag Head #2, Lee Horsley as Sheriff Gus (Snowy Snow), Rex Linn as Tennessee Harry, Misty Upham as Minnie, and Danièle Watts as Coco. Zoë Bell, Michael Bowen, Robert Carradine, Jake Garber, Ted Neeley, James Parks, and Tom Savini play Candyland trackers, while Michael Parks, John Jarratt, and Quentin Tarantino play the LeQuint Dickey Mining Co. employees. Tarantino also cameoed as Robert, a member of a Ku Klux Klan-like group.



Tarantino in Paris at the film's French premiere, January 2013

In 2007, Tarantino discussed an idea for a form of spaghetti western set in the United States' pre-Civil War Deep South which he called "a southern", stating that he wanted "to do movies that deal with America's horrible past with slavery and stuff but do them like spaghetti westerns, not like big issue movies. I want to do them like they're genre films, but they deal with everything that America has never dealt with because it's ashamed of it, and other countries don't really deal with because they don't feel they have the right to."[3] Tarantino later explained the genesis of the idea: "I was writing a book about Sergio Corbucci when I came up with a way to tell the story. One of the things that's fun when you write about subtextual criticism ... you don't have to be right. It doesn't have to be what the director was thinking. It's what you're gathering from it. You're making a case. I was writing about how his movies have this evil Wild West, a horrible Wild West. It was surreal, it dealt a lot with fascism. So I'm writing this whole piece on this, and I'm thinking: 'I don't really know if Sergio was thinking [this] while he was doing this. But I know I'm thinking it now. And I can do it!"[4]

Tarantino finished the script on April 26, 2011, and handed in the final draft to The Weinstein Company.[5] In October 2012, frequent Tarantino collaborator RZA said that he and Tarantino had intended to crossover Django Unchained with RZA's Tarantino-presented martial-arts film The Man with the Iron Fists. The crossover would have seen a younger version of RZA's blacksmith character appear as a slave in an auction. However, scheduling conflicts prevented RZA's participation.[6]

One inspiration for the film is Corbucci's 1966 spaghetti western Django, whose star Franco Nero has a cameo appearance in Django Unchained.[7] Another inspiration is the 1975 film Mandingo, about a slave trained to fight other slaves.[8] Tarantino included scenes in the snow as a homage to The Great Silence.[9] "Silenzio takes place in the snow. I liked the action in the snow so much, Django Unchained has a big snow section in the middle," Tarantino said in an interview.[9]


The title Django Unchained alludes to the titles of the 1966 Corbucci film Django; Hercules Unchained, the American title for the 1959 Italian epic fantasy film Ercole e la regina di Lidia, about the mythical hero's escape from enslavement to a wicked master; and to Angel Unchained, the 1970 American biker film about a biker exacting revenge on a large group of rednecks.[10][11]


Among those considered for the title role of Django, Michael K. Williams and Will Smith were mentioned as possibilities, but in the end Jamie Foxx was cast in the role.[12][13] Smith later said he turned down the role because it "wasn't the lead".[14] Tyrese Gibson sent in an audition tape as the character.[15] Franco Nero, the original Django from the 1966 Italian film, was rumored for the role of Calvin Candie,[16] but instead was given a cameo appearance as a minor character. Nero suggested that he play a mysterious horseman who haunts Django in visions, and is revealed in an ending flashback to be Django's father; Tarantino opted not to use the idea.[17] Kevin Costner was in negotiations to join as Ace Woody,[18] a slave trainer, mandingo expert and Candie's right-hand man, but Costner dropped out due to scheduling conflicts.[19] Kurt Russell was cast instead[20] but also later left the role.[21] When Kurt Russell dropped out, the role of Ace Woody was not recast; instead the character was merged with Walton Goggins' character, Billy Crash.[22]

Jonah Hill was offered the role of Scotty Harmony, a gambler who loses Broomhilda to Candie in a poker game,[23] but turned it down due to scheduling conflicts with The Watch.[24][25] Sacha Baron Cohen was also offered the role, but declined in order to appear in Les Misérables. Neither Scotty nor the poker game appear in the final cut of the film.[23] On June 15, 2012, it was announced that Hill had become available to join the cast, but in a different role.[26] On April 4, 2012, Joseph Gordon-Levitt announced that he would be unable to appear in the film because of a prior commitment to make his directorial debut on Don Jon. Gordon-Levitt explained, "I would have loved, loved to have done it. He's one of my very favorite filmmakers."[27]

Costume design[edit]

Django's valet costume was inspired by Thomas Gainsborough’s 1770 oil painting, The Blue Boy.

In a January 2013 interview with Vanity Fair, costume designer Sharen Davis said much of the film's wardrobe was inspired by spaghetti westerns and other works of art. For Django's wardrobe, Davis and Tarantino watched the television series Bonanza and referred to it frequently. The pair even hired the hatmaker who designed the hat worn by the show's Little Joe, played by Michael Landon. Davis described Django's look as a "rock-n-roll take on the character". Django's sunglasses were inspired by Charles Bronson's character in The White Buffalo (1977). Davis used Thomas Gainsborough's 1770 oil painting The Blue Boy as a reference for Django's valet outfit.[28]

In the final scene, Broomhilda wears a dress similar to that of Ida Galli's character in Blood for a Silver Dollar (1965). Davis said the idea of Calvin Candie's costume came partly from Rhett Butler, and that Don Johnson's signature Miami Vice look inspired his (Big Daddy's) cream-colored linen suit in the film. King Schultz's faux chinchilla coat was inspired by Telly Savalas in Kojak. Davis also revealed that many of her costume ideas did not make the final cut of the film, leaving some unexplained characters such as Zoë Bell's tracker, who was intended to drop her bandana to reveal an absent jaw.[28]


Principal photography for Django Unchained started in California in November 2011,[29] in Wyoming in February 2012,[30] and at the National Historic Landmark Evergreen Plantation in Wallace, Louisiana, outside of New Orleans, in March 2012.[31] The film was shot in the anamorphic format on 35 mm film.[32] Although originally scripted, a sub-plot centering on Zoë Bell's masked Tracker was cut, and remained unfilmed, due to time constraints.[33] After 130 shooting days, the film wrapped up principal photography in late July 2012.[34]


Django Unchained was the first Tarantino film not edited by Sally Menke, who died in 2010. Editing duties were instead handled by Fred Raskin, who had worked as an assistant editor on Tarantino's Kill Bill.[35] Raskin was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Editing but lost against William Goldenberg of Argo.


The film features both original and existing music tracks. Tracks composed specifically for the film include "100 Black Coffins" by Rick Ross and produced by and featuring Jamie Foxx, "Who Did That To You?" by John Legend, "Ancora Qui" by Ennio Morricone and Elisa, and "Freedom" by Anthony Hamilton and Elayna Boynton.[36] The theme, "Django", was also the theme song of the 1966 film.[37] Musician Frank Ocean wrote an original song for the film's soundtrack, but it was rejected by Tarantino, who explained that "Ocean wrote a fantastic ballad that was truly lovely and poetic in every way, there just wasn't a scene for it."[38] Frank Ocean later published the song, entitled "Wiseman", on his Tumblr blog. The film also features a few famous pieces of western classical music such as Beethoven's Für Elise (which was not yet discovered in 1858) and Dies irae from Verdi's Requiem (written in 1873, which therefore also is an anachronism in 1858). Tarantino has stated that he avoids using full scores of original music: "I just don't like the idea of giving that much power to anybody on one of my movies."[39][40] The film's soundtrack album was released on December 18, 2012.[citation needed]



The first teaser poster was inspired by a fan-art poster by Italian artist Federico Mancosu. His artwork was published in May 2011, a few days after the synopsis and the official title release. In August 2012, at director Quentin Tarantino's request, the production companies bought the concept artwork from Mancosu to use for promotional purposes as well as on the crew passes and clothing for staff during filming.[41]


Django Unchained was released on December 25, 2012, in the United States by The Weinstein Company and released on January 18, 2013, by Sony Pictures Releasing International in the United Kingdom.[42][43] The film was screened for the first time at the Directors Guild of America on December 1, 2012, with additional screening events having been held for critics leading up to the film's wide release.[44] The premiere of Django Unchained was canceled following the shooting at an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut, on December 14, 2012.[45]

The film was released on March 22, 2013, by Sony Pictures in India.[46]

In March 2013, Django Unchained was announced to be the first Tarantino film approved for official distribution in China’s strictly controlled film market.[47] However, on April 11, 2013, the debut of the film in China was cancelled for what was said to be technical reasons.[48] The film was re-released in Chinese theatres on May 12, 2013.[49] Lily Kuo, on Quartz, wrote that "the film depicts one of America’s darker periods, when slavery was legal, which Chinese officials like to use to push back against criticism from the United States."[50]

Home media[edit]

The film was released on DVD, Blu-ray, and Digital Download on April 16, 2013.[51]


Critical response[edit]

The film has been acclaimed by critics and has garnered a rating of 88% on review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 245 critical reviews with an average rating of 8 out of 10. The site's consensus states: "Bold, bloody, and stylistically daring, Django Unchained is another incendiary masterpiece from Quentin Tarantino."[52] Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, gives the film a score of 81, indicating "universal acclaim".[53]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four stars out of four and said: "The film offers one sensational sequence after another, all set around these two intriguing characters who seem opposites but share pragmatic, financial and personal issues."[54] Peter Bradshaw, film critic for The Guardian, awarded the film five stars, writing: "I can only say Django delivers, wholesale, that particular narcotic and delirious pleasure that Tarantino still knows how to confect in the cinema, something to do with the manipulation of surfaces. It's as unwholesome, deplorable and delicious as a forbidden cigarette."[8] Writing in The New York Times, critic A. O. Scott compared Django to Tarantino's earlier Inglourious Basterds: "Like Inglourious Basterds, Django Unchained is crazily entertaining, brazenly irresponsible and also ethically serious in a way that is entirely consistent with its playfulness." Parmita Borah, on EF News International, wrote, "Unlike other Tarantino flicks, Django Unchained has a linear narrative, excluding a few flashback scenes."[55] Designating the film a Times 'critics' pick, Scott said Django is "a troubling and important movie about slavery and racism."[56] Filmmaker Michael Moore praised Django, tweeting that the movie "is one of the best film satires ever. A rare American movie on slavery and the origins of our sick racist history."[57]

To the contrary, Owen Gleiberman, film critic for the Entertainment Weekly, wrote that "Django isn't nearly the film that Inglourious was. It's less clever, and it doesn't have enough major characters – or enough of Tarantino's trademark structural ingenuity – to earn its two-hour-and-45-minute running time."[58] In his review for the Indy Week, David Fellerath wrote: "Django Unchained shows signs that Tarantino did little research beyond repeated viewings of Sergio Corbucci's 1966 spaghetti Western Django and a blaxploitation from 1975 called Boss Nigger, written by and starring Fred Williamson."[59] New Yorker '​s Anthony Lane was "disturbed by their [Tarantino's fans] yelps of triumphant laughter, at the screening I attended, as a white woman was blown away by Django’s guns."[60]

Writing on BuzzFeed, author Roxane Gay challenged the premise of Django Unchained as a "black man's slavery revenge fantasy" film by arguing that it is "a white man’s slavery revenge fantasy, and one in which white people figure heavily and where black people are, largely, incidental. Django is allowed to regain his dignity because he is freed by a white man. He reunites with his wife, again, with the help of a white man. Django Unchained isn't about a black man reclaiming his freedom. It’s about a white man working through his own racial demons and white guilt."[61]


Some commentators have felt the film's heavy usage of the word "nigger" is inappropriate, affecting them to an even greater extent than the depicted violence against the slaves.[61][62] Other reviewers[63] have defended the usage of the language in the historic context of race and slavery in the United States.[64]

Filmmaker Spike Lee, in an interview with Vibe, said he would not see the film, explaining "All I'm going to say is that it's disrespectful to my ancestors. That's just me...I'm not speaking on behalf of anybody else."[65] Lee later wrote, "American slavery was not a Sergio Leone Spaghetti Western. It was a Holocaust. My ancestors are slaves stolen from Africa. I will honor them."[66] Louis Farrakhan, the leader of the Nation of Islam, interpreted the movie as "preparation for race war."[67]

Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe compared Samuel L. Jackson's Stephen character to black Republicans like Clarence Thomas or Herman Cain.[68] Samuel L. Jackson said that he believed his character to have "the same moral compass as Clarence Thomas does."[69]

Jackson defended heavy use of the word nigger, claiming: "Saying Tarantino said 'nigger' too many times is like complaining they said 'kyke' too many times in a movie about Nazis."[70]

Marc Lamont Hill, a professor at Columbia University, compared the fugitive ex–Los Angeles cop Christopher Dorner to a real-life Django, saying "It’s almost like watching ‘Django Unchained’ in real life. It’s kind of exciting."[71] Writing in the Los Angeles Times, journalist Erin Aubry Kaplan noted the difference between Tarantino's Jackie Brown and Django Unchained: "It is an institution whose horrors need no exaggerating, yet Django does exactly that, either to enlighten or entertain. A white director slinging around the n-word in a homage to '70s blaxploitation à la Jackie Brown is one thing, but the same director turning the savageness of slavery into pulp fiction is quite another."[72]

While hosting NBC's Saturday Night Live, Jamie Foxx joked about being excited "to kill all the white people in the movie".[73] Columnist Jeff Kuhner wrote a reaction to the SNL skit for The Washington Times, saying: "Anti-white bigotry has become embedded in our postmodern culture. Take Django Unchained. The movie boils down to one central theme: the white man as devil—a moral scourge who must be eradicated like a lethal virus."[74]

Use of violence[edit]

Some reviews criticized the film for being too violent.[75] The originally planned premiere of Django was postponed following the Sandy Hook school shooting on December 14, 2012.[76] Thomas Frank criticized the film’s use of violence as follows:

Not surprisingly, Quentin Tarantino has lately become the focus for this sort of criticism (about the relationship between the movies and acts of violence).The fact that Django Unchained arrived in theaters right around the time of the Sandy Hook massacre didn't help. Yet he has refused to give an inch in discussing the link between movie violence and real life. Obviously I don’t think one has to do with the other. Movies are about make-believe. It’s about imagination. Part of the thing is trying to create a realistic experience, but we are faking it. Is it possible that anyone in our cynical world credits a self-serving sophistry like this? Of course an industry under fire will claim that its hands are clean, just as the NRA has done – and of course a favorite son, be it Tarantino or LaPierre, can be counted on to make the claim louder than anyone else. But do they really believe that imaginative expression is without consequence?[77]

The Independent said the movie was part of "the new sadism in cinema" and added, "There is something disconcerting about sitting in a crowded cinema as an audience guffaws at the latest garroting or falls about in hysterics as someone is beheaded or has a limb lopped off".[78]

Historical inaccuracies[edit]

Although Tarantino has said about Mandingo fighting, "I was always aware those things existed", there is no definitive historical evidence that slave owners ever staged gladiator-like fights to the death between male slaves like that depicted in the movie.[79][80] To the contrary, historian Edna Greene Medford notes that there are only undocumented rumors that such fights took place.[81] David Blight, the director of Yale’s center for the study of slavery, said it was not a matter of moral or ethical reservations that prevented slave owners from pitting slaves against each other in combat, but rather economic self-interest: slave owners would not have wanted to put their substantial financial investments at risk in gladiatorial battles.[79][80]

The non-historical term "a Mandingo" for a fine fighting or breeding slave comes not from Tarantino, but the earlier film Mandingo.[82]

Writing in The New Yorker, William Jelani Cobb observed that Tarantino's occasional historical elasticity sometimes worked to the film's advantage. "There are moments," Cobb wrote, "where this convex history works brilliantly, like when Tarantino depicts the Ku Klux Klan a decade prior to its actual formation in order to thoroughly ridicule its members’ veiled racism."[83] The marauding masked group depicted in the film were known as "The Regulators" and were depicted as spiritual forebears of the later post-civil war KKK and not as the actual KKK.[84]

On the account of historical accuracy Christopher Caldwell wrote in the Financial Times: "Of course, we must not mistake a feature film for a public television documentary" pointing out that the film should be treated as entertainment and in no way a historical account of the time period it is set in. "Django uses slavery the way a pornographic film might use a nurses’ convention: as a pretext for what is really meant to entertain us. What is really meant to entertain us in Django is violence."[85] To the contrary, Richard Brody wrote in The New Yorker: "Tarantino rightly depicts slavery as no mere administrative ownership but a grievous and monstrous infliction of cruelty. The movie shows slaves forced into fights to the death for the entertainment of owners, and one fighter ripped to death by dogs when he refuses another bout. Whipping, branding, cruel punishment, and casual murder are the lot of slaves and the caprice of owners..."[86]


Django Unchained has garnered several awards and nominations. The American Film Institute named it one of their Top Ten Movies of the Year in December 2012.[87] The film received three nominations from the Golden Globe Awards, including Best Director and Best Screenplay for Tarantino. The Film won Best Original Screenplay, written by Tarantino.[88] Christoph Waltz received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor, his second time receiving all three awards, having previously won for his role in Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds (2009).[89][90][91] The NAACP Image Awards gave the film four nominations, while the National Board of Review named DiCaprio their Best Supporting Actor.[92][93] Django Unchained earned a nomination for Best Theatrical Motion Picture from the Producers Guild of America.[94]


Tarantino told in an interview that he has 90 minutes' worth of material of the film on the cutting room floor and considered re-editing Django Unchained into a four-hour, four-night cable miniseries. Tarantino said that breaking the story into four parts would be more satisfying to audiences than a four-hour movie: " wouldn't be an endurance test. It would be a mini-series. And people love those." [95]


Sony is planning on working a Django and Zorro crossover movie.[96]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "DJANGO UNCHAINED (18)". British Board of Film Classification. December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Django Unchained (2012)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  3. ^ Hiscock, John (April 27, 2007). "Quentin Tarantino: I'm proud of my flop". (London). Retrieved April 16, 2012. 
  4. ^ Franich, Darren (July 14, 2012). "'Django Unchained' Comic-Con panel: Tarantino talks links to other movies, Don Johnson talks Foghorn Leghorn". Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ Child, Ben (May 5, 2011). "Tarantino's Django Unchained script: The word is out". The Guardian (London). Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  6. ^ Lyttleton, Oliver (October 22, 2012). "RZA Would Have Played His Character From 'The Man with the Iron Fists' In 'Django Unchained'". IndieWIRE. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  7. ^ Child, Ben (June 7, 2012). "Django Unchained trailer: will Tarantino be a slave to the dialogue?". (London). Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Bradshaw, Peter (December 12, 2012). "Django Unchained – first look review". London: The Guardian. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Edwards, Gavin (December 30, 2012). "Quentin Tarantino: my inspiration for Django Unchained". London: The Guardian. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  10. ^ Zach Baron, "Cinemetrics: Quentin Tarantino's History Lesson: The hilarious but painfully dark truths of 'Django Unchained'",, December 21, 2012.
  11. ^ Pack, Howery (December 26, 2012). "''In honor of "Django Unchained," a look at a dozen spaghetti Westerns worth your time'&#39". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  12. ^ Dwyer, Sean (June 22, 2011). "Will Smith Out, Jamie Foxx in for Django Unchained". Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  13. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (November 16, 2011). "Michael K. Williams Can't Do Django Unchained, Has A Role in Snitch with the Rock". Cinema Blend. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Will Smith on why he rejected Django". 3 News NZ. March 26, 2013. 
  15. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (February 3, 2014). "Watch: Tyrese Gibson's 6-Minute Audition Tape For The Role Of Django In Quentin Tarantino's 'Django Unchained'". The Playlist. IndieWire. Retrieved April 13, 2014. 
  16. ^ Laster, Ryan (May 6, 2011). "Quentin Tarantino wants Will Smith for lead in DJANGO UNCHAINED". If It's Movies. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  17. ^ Lyman, Eric J. (January 1, 2013). "Original 'Django' Franco Nero on His Iconic Character and the Film's Legacy (Q&A)". Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  18. ^ Franklin, Garth (July 18, 2011). "Kevin Costner Joins Tarantino's "Unchained"". Dark Horizons. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  19. ^ Enk, Brian (September 15, 2011). "Kevin Costner Frees Himself From 'Django Unchained'". MTV Networks. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  20. ^ Yamato, Jen (September 30, 2011). "Kurt Russell to Replace Kevin Costner in Tarantino's Django Unchained". Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  21. ^ Child, Ben (May 11, 2012). "Sacha Baron Cohen and Kurt Russell leave Django Unchained". (London). Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  22. ^ Rich, Katey (May 10, 2012). "Walton Goggins Will Absorb Kurt Russell's Role in Django Unchained". no. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  23. ^ a b The Deadline Team (December 27, 2012). "OSCARS Q&A: Sacha Baron Cohen". Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  24. ^ Virtel, Louis (November 10, 2011). "Jonah Hill was Offered a Part in Tarantino's Django Unchained, But...". Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  25. ^ Holmes, Matt (November 11, 2011). "Jonah Hill Turned Down Quentin Tarantino's DJANGO UNCHAINED". What Colture!. Obsessed with Film LTD. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  26. ^ Goldberg, Matt (June 15, 2012). "Jonah Hill Joins Django Unchained". Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  27. ^ O'Connell, Sean. "Joseph Gordon-Levitt Exits 'Django Unchained,' Opts To Direct His Own Film Instead". Retrieved April 5, 2012. 
  28. ^ a b Hanel, Marnie (January 4, 2013). "From Sketch to Still: The Spaghetti-Western Wit of Sharen Davis’s Django Unchained Costumes". Vanity Fair. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  29. ^ Sandle, Tim (January 27, 2012). "Django Unchained: new Tarantino movie begins shooting". Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Tarantino wraps up Wyoming filming for new movie". Washington Times. Associated Press. February 15, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  31. ^ Christine (February 25, 2012). "Quentin Tarantino's 'Django Unchained' begins filming at the Evergreen Plantation in Louisiana on Monday". Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  32. ^ Nicoletti, Karen (February 24, 2012). "Oscar Chat: A Conversation With Best Cinematography Nominees Jeff Cronenweth and Robert Richardson". Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  33. ^ Fox, Jesse David (January 28, 2012). "Zoe Bell Explains What Was Up With Her Masked Character From Django Unchained". Vulture. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  34. ^ Thompson, Anne (July 25, 2012). "Tarantino Officially Wraps 'Django Unchained,' Hits the Editing Room". IndieWire. Retrieved December 1, 2012. 
  35. ^ Chitwood, Adam (November 16, 2011). "Quentin Tarantino May Have Found His Editor and Director of Photography for Django Unchained". Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  36. ^ "‘Django Unchained’ Soundtrack Details". Film Music Reporter. November 28, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2012. 
  37. ^ Randy Lewis, "Quentin Tarantino discusses the music of 'Django Unchained'", Los Angeles Times, December 25, 2012.
  38. ^ "Quentin Tarantino reveals why Frank Ocean was scrapped from 'Django Unchained' soundtrack". NME. December 1, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2012. 
  39. ^ Milian, Mark (August 22, 2009). "Quentin Tarantino's method behind 'Inglourious Basterds' soundtrack mix-tape". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  40. ^ Mayrand, Alain (October 29, 2009). "Tarantino on Composers". WordPress. Getting the Score. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Django Unchained Poster by Federico Mancosu". Retrieved November 14, 2012. 
  42. ^ Reynolds, Simon (June 6, 2012). "'Django Unchained' trailer to premiere tonight". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved June 6, 2012. 
  43. ^ Chitwood, Adam (June 6, 2012). "First Trailer for Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained". Retrieved June 6, 2012. 
  44. ^ Breznican, Anthony (December 2, 2012). "First Oscars: Academy hopefuls turn out at honorary Governors Awards". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  45. ^ Child, Ben (December 24, 2012). "Django Unchained premiere cancelled after Connecticut shooting". London: The Guardian. Retrieved December 26, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Rashid Irani's review: Django Unchained". Yahoo News. March 22, 2013. 
  47. ^ McClintock, Pamela (March 13, 2013). "'Django Unchained' Set for China Release". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  48. ^ "China debut of "Django Unchained" suddenly cancelled for "technical reasons"". Reuters. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  49. ^ 'Django Unchained' Has A (New) Release Date In China
  50. ^ "Why China is letting ‘Django Unchained’ slip through its censorship regime". Quartz. March 13, 2013. 
  51. ^ Sampson, Michael. "‘Django Unchained’ DVD Release Date Announced". 
  52. ^ "Django Unchained". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  53. ^ "Django Unchained". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  54. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 7, 2013). "Faster, Quentin! Thrill! Thrill!". Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  55. ^ Borah, Parmita (January 29, 2013). "Django Unchained". Eastern Fare. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  56. ^ Scott, A. O. (December 24, 2012). "The Black, The White and the Angry". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  57. ^ "'Django Unchained' was more than a role for Kerry Washington". December 31, 2012. 
  58. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (December 25, 2012). "Django Unchained". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  59. ^ Fellerath, David (December 26, 2012). "Django Unchained". Indy Week. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  60. ^ “Les Misérables,” “Django Unchained,” and “Amour.” The New Yorker. January 7, 2013.
  61. ^ a b "Surviving "Django"". BuzzFeed. January 5, 2012
  62. ^ "Django Unchained – Audio Review". Retrieved December 26, 2012. 
  63. ^ McCarthy, Todd (December 11, 2012). "Django Unchained: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  64. ^ "Django Unchained and Race: Here's What Drudge Doesn't Tell You". Village Voice. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  65. ^ "Spike Lee slams Django Unchained:'I'm not Gonna See It'". Vibe. December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  66. ^ "Spike Lee Twitter". Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Farrakhan on 'Django Unchained': 'It's Preparation for Race War'". Fox Nation. January 11, 2013. 
  68. ^ Morris, Wesley (December 25, 2012). "Tarantino blows up the spaghetti western in ‘Django Unchained’". The Boston Globe. 
  69. ^ Ryzik, Melena (December 19, 2012). "Supporting Actor Category Is Thick With Hopefuls". New York Times. 
  70. ^ Samuel L Jackson hits out at Kamau Bell over Django Unchained criticism 3 News NZ. 23 September, 2013.
  71. ^ "Columbia professor: Dorner like real-life ‘Django Unchained’". The Washington Times. February 13, 2013
  72. ^ Kaplan, Erin Aubry (December 28, 2012). "'Django' an unsettling experience for many blacks". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Jamie Foxx Jokes About Killing 'All The White People'". Fox Nation. December 10, 2012
  74. ^ "KUHNER: Jamie Foxx and the rise of black bigotry". The Washington Times. December 13, 2012
  75. ^ Dershowitz, Jessica (December 25, 2012). ""Django Unchained": Critics weigh in on Quentin Tarantino film". CBS News. Retrieved December 26, 2012. 
  76. ^ Battersby, Matilda (December 17, 2012). "'Give me a break' – Tarantino tires of defending ultra-violent films after Sandy Hook massacre". London: The Independent. 
  77. ^ Frank, Thomas (March 2013) “Blood Sport.” Harper’s Magazine; page 6-7.
  78. ^ McNabb, Geoffrey (January 11, 2013) Django Unchained and the 'new sadism' in cinema. The Independent. (Retrieved 2-22-13).
  79. ^ a b Rodriguez, Rene (December 26, 2012). "Tarantino talks ‘Django Unchained’". The Miami Herald. 
  80. ^ a b "Was There Really "Mandingo Fighting," Like in Django Unchained?". Slate. December 24, 2012. 
  81. ^ Max Evry, "'Django' Unexplained: Was Mandingo Fighting a Real Thing?", Next Movie, December 25, 2012.
  82. ^ Daniel Bernardi The Persistence of Whiteness: Race and Contemporary ...- 2013 "For the purposes of breeding chattel, he must also buy a “Mandingo” buck, a male slave. In the film, a “Mandingo” represents the finest stock of slaves deemed most suitable for fighting and breeding. When Hammond realizes his new wife"
  83. ^ Cobb, Jelani (January 2, 2013). "Tarantino Unchained". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  84. ^ Holslin, Peter (July 14, 2012). "Quentin Tarantino and Cast Reveal 'Django' Details at Comic-Con". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  85. ^ " Tarantino’s crusade to ennoble violence". Financial Times. January 5, 2013
  86. ^ Brody, Richard (December 28, 2012). "The Riddle of Tarantino". The New Yorker. 
  87. ^ "American Film Institute Announces AFI Awards 2012 Official Selections". The Sacramento Bee. December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  88. ^ Reynolds, Simon (December 13, 2012). "Golden Globes nominations 2013: Movies list in full". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  89. ^ Heller, Corinne (January 13, 2013). "Golden Globe Awards: Christoph Waltz of 'Django Unchained' wins Supporting Actor – Drama". Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  90. ^ "Oscars - The Nominees". The Academy Awards of Motion Pictures and the Arts. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  91. ^ "Oscars 2013: the full list of winners". London: The Guardian. February 25, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  92. ^ "The "44th NAACP Image Awards" nominees announced". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. December 11, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  93. ^ "Awards for 2012". National Board of Review. December 5, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. [dead link]
  94. ^ Serjeant, Jill (January 2, 2013). ""Lincoln," "Zero Dark Thirty," up for Producers Guild awards". Reuters. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  95. ^ Alexander, Bryan (May 24, 2014). "Tarantino wants to make 'Django' TV mini-series". USA Today. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  96. ^ Acuna, Kirsten (December 15, 2014). "Sony Is Apparently Working On A 'Django Unchained'/'Zorro' Crossover Movie With Quentin Tarantino". Business Insider. Retrieved December 15, 2014. 

External links[edit]