Djibouti and Somalia maintain close relations owing to their shared history and similar demographic composition, with the Somali ethnic group constituting the majority population element in both countries.
During the Ogaden War (13 July 1977 – 15 March 1978) fought between the Somalian government and Ethiopia's Derg regime, the Djiboutian authorities forwarded military intelligence to Somalia's authorities.
After the start of the civil war in Somalia in the early 1990s, Djibouti, as the headquarters of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development regional body, became an active participant in the Somalian peace process. In 2000, Djibouti hosted the Arta conference, as well as the 2008–2009 talks between the Transitional Federal Government and the Alliance for the Reliberation of Somalia, which led to the formation of a coalition government. Djibouti later joined the African Union Mission to Somalia in 2011.
- Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- "Djibouti". The World Factbook. CIA. February 5, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- The Rise and Fall of the Somalia Airforce: A Diary Reflection
- "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
- "Somalia: Djibouti Peacekeepers Arrive in Mogadishu to Join Amisom". Garowe Online. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Somalia: UN Envoy Says Inauguration of New Parliament in Somalia 'Historic Moment'". Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Mohamed, Mahmoud (17 September 2012). "Presidential inauguration ushers in new era for Somalia". Sabahi. Retrieved 30 September 2012.