Djiboutian franc

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Djiboutian franc
franc djibouti (French)
الفرنك الجيبوتي (Arabic)
5 djiboutian francs.jpg
5 Djiboutian francs, minted in 1991.
ISO 4217 code DJF
Central bank Central Bank of Djibouti
 Website www.banque-centrale.dj
User(s)  Djibouti
Inflation 2.5% (2013 est.)
 Source The World Factbook, 2013 est.
Pegged with U.S. dollar = 177.721 francs
Subunit
 1/100 centime
Symbol Fdj
Coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 250, 500 Fdj
Banknotes 1000, 2000, 5000, 10,000 Fdj

The Djiboutian franc (Arabic: فرنك‎) is the currency of Djibouti. Its ISO 4217 currency code is DJF. Historically, it was subdivided into 100 centimes.

History[edit]

100 Djiboutian francs (1977).

From 1884, when the French Somaliland protectorate was established, the French franc circulated alongside the Indian rupee and the Maria Theresa thaler. These coexisted with 2 francs = 1 rupee and 4.2 francs = 1 Maria Theresa thaler.

From 1908, francs circulating in Djibouti were legally fixed at the value of the French franc. Starting in 1910, banknotes were issued for the then colony by the Bank of Indochina. Chamber of Commerce paper money and tokens were issued between 1919 and 1922.

In 1948, the first coins were issued specifically for use in Djibouti, in the name of the "Côte Française des Somalis". In 1949, an independent Djiboutian franc came into being when the local currency was pegged to the US dollar at a rate of 214.392 francs = 1 dollar. This was the value which the French franc had had under the Bretton Woods system until a few months before. Consequently, the Djiboutian economy was not affected by the further devaluations of the French franc.

In 1952, the Public Treasury took over the production of paper money. French Somaliland's change of name in 1967 to the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas was reflected on both the territory's coins and notes. In 1971 and 1973, the franc was revalued against the US dollar, first to a rate of 197.466 to the dollar, then 177.721, a rate which has been maintained ever since. A further change in coin and banknote design followed independence in 1977.

Coins[edit]

10 and 20 Djiboutian francs, reverse (ca. 1991 and 1983).

Between 1920 and 1922, the Chamber of Commerce issued tokens struck in zinc, aluminium, bronze and aluminium-bronze in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 centimes and 1 franc. Shapes included round, hexagonal and octagonal.

In 1948, aluminium 1, 2 and 5 francs were introduced. Aluminium-bronze 20 francs were introduced in 1952, followed by 10 francs in 1965. Cupro-nickel 50 and 100 francs were introduced in 1970, with aluminium-bronze 500 francs added in 1989.

From 2013, new coins of 250 francs were put in circulation to complement the other denominations.

Banknotes[edit]

Between 1910 and 1915, banknotes were introduced in denominations of 5, 20 and 100 francs. Chamber of Commerce notes were introduced in 1919 in denominations of 5, 10 and 50 centimes and 1 franc. The decline in the value of the French franc following World War I caused 500 and 1000 franc banknotes to be introduced in 1927 and 1938, respectively. 10 franc notes were introduced in 1946.

When the Public Treasury took over the production of paper money in 1952, the 5, 10 and 20 franc notes ceased production and 5000 franc notes were introduced. In 1970 the 50 and 100 franc notes were replaced by coins. In 1977, the National Bank took over production of banknotes. The only subsequent changes have been the introduction of 10,000 franc notes in 1984 and the replacement of the 500 franc note with a coin in 1989.

1979-1988 notes[1]
Image Value Main Colour Obverse Reverse Date of issue
500 francs Man at left, rocks in sea, storks at right Stern of ship at right 1979, 1988
1000 francs Red Woman at left, people by diesel passenger trains at center Trader with camels at center
[2] 5000 francs Man at right, forest scene at center Aerial view 1979
[3] 10,000 francs Brown and red Woman holding baby Fish and harbor scene 1984
1997-2002 notes[4][5]
1000 francs Red Ali Ahmed Oudoum 2005
2000 francs Blue Young girl at right, camel caravan at center Statue with and shield at lower left, government bldg. at center 1997
5000 francs Violet Mahmoud Harbi Dancers 2002
[6] 10,000 francs Green President Hassan Gouled Aptidon Central Bank building 1999

Exchange rate[edit]

Current DJF exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD

Note: Rates obtained from these websites may contradict with pegged rate mentioned above

See also[edit]

References[edit]