Dmitrov

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Dmitrov (English)
Дмитров (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Dmitrov Fountain.JPG
Central square in Dmitrov
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Dmitrov is located in Moscow Oblast
Dmitrov
Dmitrov
Location of Dmitrov in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 56°21′N 37°32′E / 56.350°N 37.533°E / 56.350; 37.533Coordinates: 56°21′N 37°32′E / 56.350°N 37.533°E / 56.350; 37.533
Coat of Arms Dmitrov.gif
Flag of Dmitrov (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Dmitrovsky District[1]
Town Dmitrov[1]
Administrative center of Dmitrovsky District,[1] Town of Dmitrov[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2013)
Municipal district Dmitrovsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Dmitrov Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Dmitrovsky Municipal District,[2] Dmitrov Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 61,305 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 263rd
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1154[citation needed]
Town status since 1374[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 141800–141803, 141815, 141816, 141899
Dialing code(s) +7 49622[citation needed]
Dmitrov on WikiCommons

Dmitrov (Russian: Дмитров, IPA: [ˈdmʲitrəf]) is a town and the administrative center of Dmitrovsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 65 kilometers (40 mi) to the north of Moscow on the Yakhroma River and the Moscow Canal. Population: 61,305 (2010 Census);[3] 62,219 (2002 Census);[6] 65,237 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was founded by Yury Dolgoruky in 1154 deep in the woods at the site where his son Vsevolod was born.[citation needed] Its name is explained by the fact that Vsevolod's patron saint was St. Demetrius.

In the 13th century, the settlement marked a point where converged the borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, Tver, and Pereslavl-Zalessky. The settlement itself belonged to the princes of Galich-Mersky, located much to the north, until 1364, when it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Both Dmitry Donskoy and his grandson Vasily II granted Dmitrov as an appanage to their younger sons, so Dmitrov was the capital of a tiny principality. In 1374, it was given town rights.[citation needed]

The reign of Ivan III's son Yury Ivanovich (1503–1533) inaugurated the golden age of Dmitrov. It is during his reign that the black-domed Assumption Cathedral in the kremlin and a smaller monastery cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb were built. Thereafter, the town passed to Yury's brother, Andrey of Staritsa. In 1569, it was seized from Vladimir of Staritsa, added to the Oprichnina and consequently went into a decline. The town suffered further damage during the Time of Troubles, when it was ransacked by the Poles.

The Cathedral of the Assumption in Dmitrov's kremlin was built in 1509–1523
The Cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb
The Ascension Church dates from the 1760s

In 1812, Dmitrov was briefly occupied by the Grande Armée but in 1941 the Wehrmacht soldiers were stopped on the outskirts of the town. The Anarchist prince Peter Kropotkin spent his last years there. In the 1930s, the local kremlin was excavated by Soviet archaeologists.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dmitrov serves as the administrative center of Dmitrovsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with eighty rural localities, incorporated within Dmitrovsky District as the Town of Dmitrov.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Dmitrov is incorporated within Dmitrovsky Municipal District as Dmitrov Urban Settlement.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Dmitrov is a railway junction of the Moscow (Savyolovsky terminal)Savyolovo branch and the Dmitrov–Alexandrov branch. The railway provides an efficient service to Moscow. Dmitrov is also a cargo port on the Moscow Canal.

Bus routes connect Dmitrov with Moscow (Altufyevo), Sergiyev Posad, Dubna, Taldom, Lobnya, Laryovo, and other desitantions.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Dmitrov is twinned with:

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • Dmitrov's altitude above sea level is 179 meters (587 ft).
  • In a national competition in 2005, Dmitrov was recognized as the best-run town in Russia.[8]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #74/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №206-ПГ от 9 сентября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #206-PG of September 9, 2013 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №74/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Дмитровского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №54/2013-ОЗ от 6 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Дмитровского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №44, 12 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #74/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Dmitrovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #54/2013-OZ of November 11, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Dmitrovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]