Dmitry Medvedev's Cabinet
14th Cabinet of Russia
|Date formed||21 May 2012|
|People and organizations|
|Head of government||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Deputy head of government||Igor Shuvalov|
|Head of state||Vladimir Putin|
|Number of ministers||23|
|Member party||United Russia|
|Status in legislature||Coalition|
|Opposition leader||Gennady Zyuganov|
|Election(s)||Appointed by the President of Russia, approved by the State Duma|
|Legislature term(s)||5 years|
In 8 May 2012, The State Duma, the lower house of the bicameral Russian Parliament, voted in favor of the appointment of former President Dmitry Medvedev as the head of government, and for the first time in the past 12 years, Prime Minister candidate has not received a constitutional majority. PM Medvedev promised to update 80% of the cabinet, but he will not change its structure.
In 8 May 2013, Medvedev's first deputy Vladislav Surkov has been resigned after Putin reprimanded the government for failing to carry out all his presidential decrees from the previous year.
Structural and personnel changes
Under Medvedev, only six ministers remain in their previous offices, from 22 Ministers: Anatoly Serdyukov kept the position of the Minister of Defense; Sergey Lavrov kept his position as Minister for Foreign Affairs (and become the Longest-serving minister). Anton Siluanov kept his position as Minister of Finance. Vitaly Mutko kept his position as Minister of Sport and Alexander Konovalov kept his position as Minister of Justice while Vladimir Puchkov was appointed as new Minister for Emergency Situations and Vladimir Kolokoltsev became the Minister for Internal Affairs, responsible for the Russian police reform.
First structural change was the split of the Ministry of Health and Walfare affairs into two completely separate Ministries – The Ministry of Health and The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. He was also formed a new federal ministry: The Ministry for development of Russian Far East.
The Federal Service for Supervision over Health and Social development affairs Under the Ministry for Health was renamed to Federal Service for Supervision over the Health sphere.
The Ministry for Sports, Tourism and Youth policy was renamed to the Ministry of Sports, while the Tourism functions was transferred to the Culture Ministry and the Youth Policy functions was moved to the Ministry for Education.
The Federal Service for Intellectual Property become a part of the Ministry for Economic Development.
On June 2012, Medvedev signed a governmental resolution to subordinate the Federal Service for Fisheries (Федеральное агентство по рыболовству; Росрыболовство) to the Ministry of Agriculture (MinSelKhoz)
New Federal Bodies and Dissolution of some organs
According the Presidential Decree "On the Federal Bodies of the Executive Authority", A new governmental offices were formed:
- The Governmental Commission for coordination of the Open Government Activities, headed by Minister Mikhail Abyzov.
- Ministry for Development of Russian Far East was formed to Implementation of economic and social development policies in the Russian Far East.
- Federal Agency for Construction and Housing and communal economy under the Regional Development Ministry of Russia
Medvedev announced in 28 May 2012 that he will manage a weekly session with his Deputies every Monday, while the Session of the Government and the Presidium of the Government will be every Wednesday.
- On 1 November 2013 The Federal Agency for Construction and Housing has been re-established as Federal Ministry for Construction and Housing, and Mikhail Men, previous Governor of Ivanov Oblast has been appointed as minister.
- On 31 March 2014 A new ministry has been formed: Ministry for Crimean Affairs (Министерство по делам Крыма). Oleg Savelyev has been appointed as the minister of Crimea.
On 8 September 2014 Medvedev has decided to abolish the Ministry of Regional Development fellowing the creation of the Ministry for Crimean Affairs, Ministry for North Caucasus Affairs and the Ministry for Development of Russian Far East, which perform the same missions. The functions of the abolished Ministry of Regional Development were distributed between the Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Communal Services, the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Justice. In Addition, Presiden Putin has signed a decree to dissolve the Federal Service for Defence Contracts and The Rosoboronpostavka, Federal Agency for the supply of arms, military and special equipment and supplies, both were under the supervision of the Ministry of Defense.
Among others, Medvedev's cabinet had to overcome the lowest growth of the economy since the 2008 Russian financial crisis. To do so, Medvedev offered specific measures including a strict control over tariff rises in coming years, the possible canceling of import duties on scientific equipment, regional tax holidays and a series of new measures implemented through the Central Bank for facilitating the appearance of long-term investment. He also urged large Russian companies, including gas giant Gazprom, oil titan Rosneft and aluminum producer Rusal, to create their own universities.
Controverseries and reception
In 2013 Minister of Education Dmitry Livanov came under heavy criticism and members of the State Duma demanded his resignation. In April 2013 in his first State Duma report speech about the work of the government in the past year, Medvedev began his report just minutes after a video has been leaked to showing President Vladimir Putin scolding senior government officials for their poor performance during a closed-door meeting that he chaired in the Republic of Kalmykia.
Following the 2014 Crimean crisis and the Annexation of Crimea to Russia and the sanctions that were announced by the U.S, Medvedev assured that the Russian government has all necessary reserves to observe the social obligations. He said that "Despite the complicated situation and the situation in the industry, we shall try to stimulate further growth of industries, their modernization, and we shall also pay attention to investments in agriculture".
- Medvedev becomes Russia’s Prime Minister
- Russian source, Vesti.ru
- New Cabinet Has Familiar Cast of Characters, Moscow Times, 21 May 2012
- Russian report
- Russian report
- Russian government approved, only quarter of ministers stay, Russia Today
- Government Structure – Russian report
- Putin dominates new Russian government,
- Welcome to the jungle: Putin approves new government amid ‘tough times’, Russia Today, 21 May 2012
- New government elite – 7 deputy PMs, RT, 21 May 2012
- Russian sorce
- Медведев намерен решать вопросы вместе с вице-премьерами "в оперативном ключеМедведев намерен решать вопросы вместе с вице-премьерами "в оперативном ключе: Medvedev is ready to manage special session with his deputies, Vesti.Ru
- Medvedev Bemoans Fear of 'Incomprehensible,' 'Unpredictable' Russia
- "Cabinet Under Fire After Putin Threatens Reshuffle". Moscow Times. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Cabinet will fulfil all social obligations - Medvedev". ITAR TASS. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- Official Website (Russian)