Dmytro Yarosh

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Dmytro Yarosh
Dmytro Jarosh.jpg
Personal details
Born (1971-09-30) September 30, 1971 (age 43)
Dniprodzerzhynsk,
Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Citizenship  Ukraine
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party Right Sector (2013–present)
Tryzub (1994–present)
People's Movement of Ukraine (1989-1994)
Occupation nationalist politician, anti-communist politician, public figure
Website Facebook page

Dmytro Yarosh (Ukrainian: Дмитро Ярош; born 30 September 1971)[1] is the leader of the far-right Right Sector organization which played an important role in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.[2][3]

In the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election he received 0.7% of the vote.[4]

On July 25 Yarosh was placed by Interpol on its international wanted list at the request of Russian authorities,[5] which made him the only person wanted internationally after the beginning of the conflict between Ukraine and Russia in 2014.

Biography[edit]

Yarosh was born in Dniprodzerzhynsk, a town in predominantly Russian-speaking Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in central-eastern Ukraine.[6]

In 1988 Yarosh graduated from High School #24 of Dniprodzerzhynsk.[7] As almost all pre-teens and young teenagers in the Soviet Union, he was a member of Young Pioneers and later the Countrywide Leninist Communist Youth League organizations, youth-based sub-organizations of the Communist Party of the USSR.

Allegedly in 1989 Yarosh was the first person who first raised the yellow-blue flag of Ukraine in East Ukraine, more precisely in Dnipropetrovsk.[7]

Starting in February 1989, Yarosh was a member of People's Movement of Ukraine organization. From October 1989 to November 1991 he was drafted and served two years in the Soviet army as a private.[7]

During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Yarosh joined Ukrainian nationalist groups. In 1994, he joined Stepan Bandera Tryzub organization which he has led since 2005.[8]

In 2001 Yarosh graduated from the State University of Education in Drohobych, Ukraine.

During the EuroMaidan protests in the early 2014, Tryzub became the core of the newly founded Right Sector, a coalition of right-wing nationalists.[2] During these protests he advocated for a "national revolution" and dismissed the Viktor Yanukovych administration as an "internal occupational regime".[3]

Yarosh was a candidate in the 25 May 2014 Ukrainian presidential election.[4] A poll conducted by the "Socis" research center (from February 25 to March 4, 2014) predicted that Yarosh candidacy received the support of 1.6% of the people who were surveyed.[9] On election day he actually received 0.7% of the votes.[4]

As of 25 July 2014, he is wanted by the International Criminal Police Organization for “public incitement to terrorist and extremist activities involving the use of mass media".[10][11]

Criminal charges by Russia[edit]

On March 1, 2014 Right Sector's page on Russian online social networking service VKontakte showed an entry with Dmytro Yarosh's alleged appeal to Dokka Umarov, a Chechen militant guerrilla leader associated with Al-Qaeda, for support of Ukraine.[12][13]

On March 2, 2014, Right Sector's spokesman Art Skoropadskyi denied the message was posted and approved by Yarosh. According to the spokesman, this alleged appeal to Umarov appeared on Right Sector’s VKontakte webpage after one of its administrator’s accounts was hacked.[14] VKontakte blocks the page at a request of an Attorney General of Russia. On March 11, 2014 Russian State Duma deputy Valery Rashkin (ru) urged Russian special services to "follow Mossad examples" and assassinate leaders of Right sector Dmytro Yarosh and Oleksandr Muzychko.[15]

On March 12, 2014 Basmanny court (ru) of Moscow ordered Yarosh's arrest on the charge of public inciting of terrorism.[16]

In March 2014 Russia launched a criminal case against Yarosh, and some members (including party leader Oleh Tyahnybok) of Svoboda and UNA-UNSO, for "organizing an armed gang" that had allegedly fought against Russian 76th Guards Air Assault Division in a First Chechen War and for "public calls for extremism and public calls for terrorism".[17][18] Yarosh has been placed on an international wanted list by Interpol at the request of the Russian Federation.[19] The charge last alleges he "incriminated [himself by making] public appeals to terrorism and extremism." These two actions are a crime according to Russian criminal code (205th and 280th articles, respectively).[20] Yarosh has been placed on an international wanted list by the Russian Federation.[19] According to an article on Russian-government funded news site RT, on March 16, Yarosh threatened to demolish the entire Russian gas pipeline to Europe if a diplomatic solution was not found for the Ukraine/Russia standoff. According to the RT article, Yarosh warned "Crimea was too small to satisfy the appetite of the 'Russian Empire...'"[21]

Russian journalist loses job for publishing Yarosh interview[edit]

On March 12, an editor of privately owned Lenta.ru website, Galina Timchenko, was fired by the company's owner Alexander Mamut for publishing a link to an interview with Yarosh he gave two days earlier, after Russian media regulatory agency Roskomnadzor formally warned the Lenta.ru website for publishing this link. In this interview Yarosh said: "Sooner or later, we are doomed to fight a war with [the] Moscow empire".[22]

Political positions[edit]

Yarosh proposed to ban the Party of Regions of Ukraine, as well as the Communist Party of Ukraine.[3] He considers Russia as a main adversary of Ukraine, although he also has little patience for Western influence on Ukraine either.[2]

The Spiegel Online reported: "For years, Yarosh has been fighting for the "de-Russification" of Ukraine ... He believes that "anti-Christian" powers are afoot in the European Union and that Brussels forces people into lifestyles such as gay marriage. ... He doesn't see Europe or NATO as a potential partner and believes the US is also part of an "anti-Ukrainian front"."[23]

Personal life[edit]

Yarosh is married to Olha and has three children: Anastasia, Iryna, and Dmytro.[7]

Simon Shuster, after his Time interview with Yarosh, reported, "Yarosh ... says he has never had any form of occupation apart from his activism."[2]

Quotes[edit]

  • "I wonder how it came to pass that most of the billionaires in Ukraine are Jews?.".[23]
  • “For all the years of Ukraine's independence, Russia has pursued a systematic, targeted policy of subjugation toward Ukraine ... So of course we will prepare for a conflict with them, ...If they stick their faces here like they did in Georgia in 2008, they'll get it in the teeth.”.[2]
  • "Sooner or later, we are doomed to fight a war with [the] Moscow empire."[24]
  • "We're not using oligarchs' money in politics, but when a war is on, we do not object to their funding the army."[25]
  • "Right Sector and Svoboda have a lot of common positions when it comes to ideological questions, but Right Sector absolutely do[es]n't accept certain racist things they [Svoboda members] share."
  • "I distrust the "imperial ambitions" of both Russia and the West"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Полковник Дмитро Ярош" (in Ukrainian). banderivets.org.ua. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Shuster, Simon (4 February 2014). "Exclusive: Leader of Far-Right Ukrainian Militant Group Talks Revolution With TIME". Time. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Profile: Ukraine's key protest figures, BBC News (27 January 2014)
  4. ^ a b c "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC". Radio Ukraine International. 29 May 2014. 
    (Russian) Results election of Ukrainian president, Телеграф (29 May 2014)
  5. ^ "Interpol issues wanted notice for nationalist leader Yarosh at Russia’s behest", KyivPost, 25 July 2014
  6. ^ "Україні необхідна люстрація - Дмитро Ярош". gazeta.ua (in Ukrainian). 21 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d (Russian) The love story of Dmitry Yarosh: Wife hides and shows children, Bigmir.net (15 May 2014)
  8. ^ "От Майдана до войны с Россией". RosBalt. 22 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Порошенко лидирует в президентском рейтинге". LB.ua. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  10. ^ http://rt.com/news/175564-ukraine-interpol-wanted-yarosh/
  11. ^ http://www.interpol.int/notice/search/wanted/2014-16549
  12. ^ "Ukraine nationalist leader calls on 'most wanted' terrorist Umarov 'to act against Russia'". Russia Today. 1 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "FAKE: Right Sector (Pravyu Sector) appeal to Doku Umarov". StopFake.org. 
  14. ^ ""Правий сектор" не звертався до чеченців за допомогою – речник". Radiosvoboda.org. 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  15. ^ "Российский депутат призвал спецслужбы "ликвидировать" Яроша и Белого". Lenta.ru. 11 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "Московский суд заочно арестовал лидера "Правого сектора"". Lenta.ru. 12 March 2014. 
  17. ^ 2014-03-14T15:43+02:00 15:43 14.03.2014 (2014-03-14). "Russia launches criminal case against Ukraine's Tiahnybok". En.interfax.com.ua. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  18. ^ "Russia initiates criminal case against leader of Ukraine's Right Sector Yarosh on terrorism charges - News - Politics - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video". The Voice of Russia. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  19. ^ a b "Вести.Ru: Ярош объявлен в международный розыск". Vesti.ru. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  20. ^ "Россия начала уголовное преследование руководителя "Правого сектора" » Информационное агентство "365 дней"". 365news.biz. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  21. ^ "Right Sector leader: Kiev should be ready to sabotage Russian pipelines in Ukraine — RT News". Rt.com. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  22. ^ ""Ленту.ру" обязали убрать гиперссылку на интервью Яроша - BBC Russian - Лента новостей". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  23. ^ a b "Practice for a Russian Invasion: Ukrainian Civilians Take Up Arms". Spiegel Online. April 16, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Дмитро Ярош: "Рано или поздно, но мы обречены воевать с Московской империей" (25.08.08 22:24) « Форум Украины | Цензор.НЕТ". Censor.net.ua. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  25. ^ <%= item.timeFlag %>. "ITAR-TASS: World - Ukrainian extremists move headquarters from Kiev to Dnepropetrovsk". En.itar-tass.com. Retrieved 2014-06-05.