Dmytro Yarosh

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Dmytro Yarosh
Dmytro Yarosh 191014.jpg
People's Deputy of Ukraine
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 November 2014[1]
Personal details
Born (1971-09-30) September 30, 1971 (age 43)
Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party Right Sector (2013–present)
Other political
affiliations
Tryzub (1994–present)
People's Movement of Ukraine (1989-94)
Alma mater Drohobych State University of Education
Occupation Politician, activist
Website Facebook page
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
Years of service 1989–1991
People's Deputy of Ukraine
8th convocation
November 27, 2014 – Present
Elected as: Right Sector, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast,
District No.39[2]

Dmytro Yarosh (Ukrainian: Дмитро Ярош; born 30 September 1971)[3] is a Ukrainian activist and politician. He is the leader of the far-right Right Sector organization.[4][5]

In the May 25, 2014 presidential election he received 127,772 votes (0.7% of the total).[6] He was elected to the Ukrainian parliament during the October 26, 2014 election from a single-seat constituency in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast by winning 29.76% of the votes.[7][1]

On July 25 Yarosh was placed by Interpol on its international wanted list at the request of Russian authorities,[8] which made him the only person wanted internationally after the beginning of the conflict between Ukraine and Russia in 2014.

Early life[edit]

Yarosh was born in Dniprodzerzhynsk, a town in predominantly Russian-speaking Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in central-eastern Ukraine.[9] In 1988 Yarosh graduated from High School #24 of Dniprodzerzhynsk.[10] As almost all pre-teens and young teenagers in the Soviet Union, he was a member of Young Pioneers and later the Countrywide Leninist Communist Youth League organizations, youth-based sub-organizations of the Communist Party of the USSR.[citation needed]

In 1989 Yarosh was, allegedly, the first person who first raised the yellow-blue flag of Ukraine in East Ukraine, more precisely in Dnipropetrovsk.[10] Starting in February 1989, Yarosh was a member of People's Movement of Ukraine organization. From October 1989 to November 1991 he was drafted and served two years in the Soviet army as a private.[10]

During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Yarosh joined Ukrainian nationalist groups. In 1994, he joined the Tryzub organization which he has led since 2005.[11]

In 2001 Yarosh graduated from the State University of Education in Drohobych, Ukraine (uk).[citation needed]

2014 revolution[edit]

Percentage of votes won by Yarosh during the 2014 presidential election

During the Euromaidan protests in the early 2014, Tryzub became the core of the newly founded Right Sector, a coalition of right-wing nationalists.[4] During these protests he advocated for a "national revolution" and dismissed the Viktor Yanukovych administration as an "internal occupational regime".[5] In early February, weeks before the ousting on President Yanukovych, Yarosh stated in an interview that there will be no civil war in Ukraine because 80% of the population did not support Yanukovych.[12]

Yarosh was a candidate in the 25 May 2014 Ukrainian presidential election.[6] A poll conducted by the "Socis" research center (from February 25 to March 4, 2014) predicted that Yarosh candidacy received the support of 1.6% of the people who were surveyed.[13] On election day he actually received 0.7% of the votes.[6]

As of 25 July 2014, he is wanted by the International Criminal Police Organization for "public incitement to terrorist and extremist activities involving the use of mass media".[14][15]

Yarosh took part in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election as a Right Sector candidate in single-member districts number 39 (first-past-the-post wins a parliament seat) located in Vasylkivka Raion.[7] He won a parliamentary seat by winning this constituency with 29.76% of the votes.[7] Yarosh did not join a faction in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament).[16]

During the Second Battle of Donetsk Airport, Yarosh was wounded by an exploding Grad rocket in nearby village of Pisky.[17] He was evacuated out of the conflict zone.

2015[edit]

In early April 2015, Ukraine's defence ministry announced that ultranationalist MP Dmytro Yarosh was to become an aide to military chief Viktor Muzhenko and that his Right Sector fighting group would be integrated into the Armed Forces of Ukraine.[18]

Political positions and views[edit]

  • Yarosh calls himself a follower of Stepan Bandera.[19]
  • Yarosh proposed to ban the Party of Regions of Ukraine, as well as the Communist Party of Ukraine.[5]
  • He considers Russia as a main adversary of Ukraine, although he also has little patience for Western influence on Ukraine either.[4]
  • The Spiegel Online reported: "For years, Yarosh has been fighting for the "de-Russification" of Ukraine ... He believes that "anti-Christian" powers are afoot in the European Union and that Brussels forces people into lifestyles such as gay marriage. ... He doesn't see Europe or NATO as a potential partner and has stated that the US is also part of an "anti-Ukrainian front"."[20]
  • Yarosh has denied allegations of anti-Semitism, but in a book he wrote "I wonder how it came to pass that most of the billionaires in Ukraine are Jews?"[20]
  • "For all the years of Ukraine's independence, Russia has pursued a systematic, targeted policy of subjugation toward Ukraine ... So of course we will prepare for a conflict with them, ...If they stick their faces here like they did in Georgia in 2008, they'll get it in the teeth."[4]
  • "Sooner or later, we are doomed to fight a war with [the] Moscow empire."[21]
  • "We're not using oligarchs' money in politics, but when a war is on, we do not object to their funding the army."[22]

Public image[edit]

Yarosh is a controversial figure. In Russia's state-run media he has been described as a "radical nationalist",[23] a "fascist".[24] Mainstream Western media has generally called him a radical or extreme nationalist. Some mainstream[25] and left-wing sources have denounced him as a "fascist".[26]

Personal life[edit]

Yarosh is married to Olha and has three children: Anastasia, Iryna, and Dmytro.[10]

Simon Shuster, after his Time interview with Yarosh, reported, "Yarosh ... says he has never had any form of occupation apart from his activism."[4]

Reactions in Russia[edit]

On March 12, an editor of privately owned Lenta.ru website, Galina Timchenko, was fired by the company's owner Alexander Mamut for publishing a link to an interview with Yarosh he gave two days earlier, after Russian media regulatory agency Roskomnadzor formally warned the Lenta.ru website for publishing this link. In this interview Yarosh said: "Sooner or later, we are doomed to fight a war with [the] Moscow empire".[27]

Criminal charges[edit]

On March 1, 2014 Right Sector's page on Russian online social networking service VKontakte showed an entry with Dmytro Yarosh's alleged appeal to Dokka Umarov, a Chechen militant guerrilla leader associated with Al-Qaeda, for support of Ukraine.[28][29]

On March 2, 2014, Right Sector's spokesman Art Skoropadskyi denied the message was posted and approved by Yarosh. According to the spokesman, this alleged appeal to Umarov appeared on Right Sector's VKontakte webpage after one of its administrator's accounts was hacked.[30] VKontakte blocks the page at a request of an Attorney General of Russia. On March 11, 2014 Russian State Duma deputy Valery Rashkin (ru) urged Russian special services to "follow Mossad examples" and assassinate leaders of Right sector Dmytro Yarosh and Oleksandr Muzychko.[31]

On March 12, 2014 Basmanny court (ru) of Moscow ordered Yarosh's arrest on the charge of public inciting of terrorism.[32]

In March 2014 Russia launched a criminal case against Yarosh, and some members (including party leader Oleh Tyahnybok) of Svoboda and UNA-UNSO, for "organizing an armed gang" that had allegedly fought against Russian 76th Guards Air Assault Division in a First Chechen War and for "public calls for extremism and public calls for terrorism".[33][34] Yarosh has been placed on an international wanted list by Interpol at the request of the Russian Federation.[35] The charge last alleges he "incriminated [himself by making] public appeals to terrorism and extremism." These two actions are a crime according to Russian criminal code (205th and 280th articles, respectively).[36] Yarosh has been placed on an international wanted list by the Russian Federation.[35] According to an article on Russian-government funded news site RT, on March 16, Yarosh threatened to demolish the entire Russian gas pipeline to Europe if a diplomatic solution was not found for the Ukraine/Russia standoff. According to the RT article, Yarosh warned "Crimea was too small to satisfy the appetite of the 'Russian Empire...'"[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b CEC registers 357 newly elected deputies of 422, National Radio Company of Ukraine (25 November 2014)
    Parliament to form leadership and coalition on November 27, UNIAN (26 November 2014)
    Ukraine's new parliament sworn in, Kyiv Post (27 November 2014)
  2. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Полковник Дмитро Ярош (in Ukrainian). banderivets.org.ua. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Shuster, Simon (4 February 2014). "Exclusive: Leader of Far-Right Ukrainian Militant Group Talks Revolution With TIME". Time. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Profile: Ukraine's key protest figures, BBC News (27 January 2014)
  6. ^ a b c "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC". Radio Ukraine International. 29 May 2014. 
    (Russian) Results election of Ukrainian president, Телеграф (29 May 2014)
  7. ^ a b c Data on vote counting at percincts within single-mandate districts Extraordinary parliamentary election on 26.10.2014, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  8. ^ "Interpol issues wanted notice for nationalist leader Yarosh at Russia’s behest". KyivPost. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  9. ^ Україні необхідна люстрація - Дмитро Ярош. gazeta.ua (in Ukrainian). 21 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d (Russian) The love story of Dmitry Yarosh: Wife hides and shows children, Bigmir.net (15 May 2014)
  11. ^ "От Майдана до войны с Россией". RosBalt. 22 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Лідер Правого сектору Дмитро Ярош: Коли 80% країни не підтримує владу, громадянської війни бути не може. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 4 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Порошенко лидирует в президентском рейтинге". LB.ua. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Interpol puts Ukrainian ultranationalist Yarosh on wanted list". Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "- INTERPOL". Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  16. ^ (Ukrainian) Candidates and winner for the seat in constituency 39 in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, RBK Ukraine
    (Ukrainian) Yarosh's profile, Verkhovna Rada official website
  17. ^ "Right Sector's leader Yarosh wounded near Donetsk". Kyiv Post. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  18. ^ Poroshenko endorses referendum on federalisation of Ukraine, theguardian.com, 6 April 2015
  19. ^ "Profile: Ukraine's ultra-nationalist Right Sector". BBC News. 28 April 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "Practice for a Russian Invasion: Ukrainian Civilians Take Up Arms". Spiegel Online. April 16, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Дмитро Ярош: "Рано или поздно, но мы обречены воевать с Московской империей" (25.08.08 22:24) « Форум Украины | Цензор.НЕТ". Censor.net.ua. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  22. ^ <%= item.timeFlag %>. "ITAR-TASS: World - Ukrainian extremists move headquarters from Kiev to Dnepropetrovsk". En.itar-tass.com. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  23. ^ "Ukrainian radical nationalist Yarosh put on international wanted list". ITAR-TASS. 25 July 2014. 
  24. ^ "Ukraine’s far-right leader moves HQ to the east, forms new squadron". RT. 24 April 2014. 
  25. ^ Mezzofiore, Gianluca (7 March 2014). "Ukraine's Neo-Fascist Right Sector Leader Dmytro Yarosh to Run for President". International Business Times. 
  26. ^ Schwarz, Peter (25 April 2014). "German news site Spiegel Online interviews Ukrainian fascist Yarosh". World Socialist Web Site. 
  27. ^ ""Ленту.ру" обязали убрать гиперссылку на интервью Яроша - BBC Russian - Лента новостей". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  28. ^ "Ukraine nationalist leader calls on 'most wanted' terrorist Umarov 'to act against Russia'". Russia Today. 1 March 2014. 
  29. ^ "FAKE: Right Sector (Pravyu Sector) appeal to Doku Umarov". StopFake.org. 
  30. ^ ""Правий сектор" не звертався до чеченців за допомогою – речник". Radiosvoboda.org. 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  31. ^ "Российский депутат призвал спецслужбы "ликвидировать" Яроша и Белого". Lenta.ru. 11 March 2014. 
  32. ^ "Московский суд заочно арестовал лидера "Правого сектора"". Lenta.ru. 12 March 2014. 
  33. ^ 2014-03-14T15:43+02:00 15:43 14.03.2014 (2014-03-14). "Russia launches criminal case against Ukraine's Tiahnybok". En.interfax.com.ua. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  34. ^ "Russia initiates criminal case against leader of Ukraine's Right Sector Yarosh on terrorism charges - News - Politics - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video". The Voice of Russia. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  35. ^ a b "Вести.Ru: Ярош объявлен в международный розыск". Vesti.ru. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  36. ^ "Россия начала уголовное преследование руководителя "Правого сектора" » Информационное агентство "365 дней"". 365news.biz. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  37. ^ "Right Sector leader: Kiev should be ready to sabotage Russian pipelines in Ukraine — RT News". Rt.com. Retrieved 2014-06-05.