Lenin Avenue in Dniprodzerzhynsk
|Name change||February 1, 1936|
|• Mayor||Stanislav Safronov|
|• Total||138 km2 (53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||120 m (390 ft)|
|• Density||1,831/km2 (4,740/sq mi)|
Dniprodzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дніпродзержи́нськ; Russian: Днепродзержи́нск, Dneprodzerzhinsk) is an industrial city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, and a port on the Dnieper River. Administratively, it is incorporated within Dniprodzerzhynsk municipality as a city of oblast significance.
The first written evidence of settlement in the territory of Dniprodzerzhynsk appeared in 1750. At that time the villages of Romankovo and Kamianske, which make the modern city, were a part of the Nova (New) Sich of the Zaporizhian cossacks. The city was known as Kamianske, Stony Place (Russian: Каменское, Ukrainian: Кам'янське) until 1936 when it was renamed in honor of Felix Dzerzhynsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka. According to the latest data, its population is 273,700.
On July 2, 1996 a notorious traffic accident happened in Dniprodzerzhynsk. An overcrowded tram that was moving along a steep hill on Chapaeva Street began to slide rapidly downhill (because of a brake failure), eventually derailing and running into a school. A total of some 30 people died and more than a 100 were injured as a result of that accident. Following a government inquiry into the causes of the accident the then mayor, Sergiy Shershnev, and his deputy, Ihor Laktionov, resigned.
The economic base of Dniprodzerzhynsk is almost exclusively centered on heavy industry, with ferrous metallurgy being the backbone of the local economy. Around 57% of the total industrial production is metallurgy and metal working. The chemical industry comes second with ca. 17% share of the total industrial output. While the exceedingly industrialized nature of the local economy ensures a rather high employment rate (as of 01.11.2007, official unemployment stood at 1,40%), it also contributes to excessive pollution and radiation levels in the city.
Several Eastern Orthodox churches, the largest being the Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas, which dates from 1894, serve the faithful of the city. By 2008, there were 14 parishes of Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Dniprodzerzhynsk.
The Roman Catholic Church of Saint Nicholas built by the city's Polish community at the end of the nineteenth century, has become one of the centers of Roman Catholicism in Eastern Ukraine. The Catholic Parish of Saint Nicholas also includes a monastery run by the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin.
The town has an active Jewish community with a new synagogue and community center.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Dniprodzerzhynsk is twinned with:
- "City News" (in Ukrainian). Dniprodzerzhynsk City Council home page. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
- Pshenichniy, Stanislav (July 7, 2006). "Sad Anniversary in Dneprodzerzhinsk". Dneprovska Pravda (in Russian). Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- Baltaksa, Mikhail (February 19, 2007). "В Днепродзержинске авария с трамваем". Sobytiya (in Russian). Retrieved December 30, 2008.[dead link]
- Interfax-Ukraine (February 19, 2007). "В Днепродзержинске трамвай сошел с рельсов, 5 человек ранены" (in Russian). Podrobnosti. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- "General Characteristics" (in Ukrainian). Dniprodzerzhynsk City Council home page. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- "Statistics" (in Ukrainian). Dniprodzerzhynsk City Council home page. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- Belitskaia, EN (May–Jun 1996). "Belitskaia EN". Likarska sprava (5–6): 74–8. PMID 9377406.
- "Возрожденный храм металлургов". Zverda Rozhdestva (in Russian) (Orthodox Eparchy of Kryvyi Rih) №34. June 27, 2004. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
- Order of Friars Minor Capuchin Vice Province of Ukraine
- "Mayor Lays Cornerstone for New Synagogue and Community Center in Ukraine". Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS. July 20, 2006.
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