|Native name||Дніпропетровський метрополітен (Dnipropetrovskyi metropoliten)|
|Owner||Ministry of Transport|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||6|
|Daily ridership||20,575 (2013)|
|Annual ridership||7.51 million (2013)|
|Began operation||December 29, 1995|
|Number of vehicles||45 (2013)|
|System length||7.1 km (4.4 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,524 mm (5 ft)|
The Dnipropetrovsk Metro (Ukrainian: Дніпропетровський метрополітен; Russian: Днепропетровский метрополитен) is a single-line metro system that serves the city of Dnipropetrovsk, the third largest city in Ukraine by population. The metro was the third system constructed in Ukraine, after the Kiev and Kharkiv metro systems, respectively, when it opened on December 29, 1995. The metro was the fourteenth built in the former Soviet Union region, and the first to open after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Dnipropetrovsk Metro consists of one 7.1-kilometer (4.4 mi) line and 6 stations. The line starts at the Vokzalna station, near the city's central railway station in the east and ends at the Komunarivska station in the western part of the city. The system is open from 5:30 in the morning till 23:00 at night. Ridership on the metro has steadily declined since its opening in 1995; in 2013, the metro carried only 7.51 million passengers (compared to 18.2 million in 1995). Initially, the metro trains carried five train cars each, but as the passenger ridership declined, the number of cars was reduced to three. The price for a single ride is currently 2 UAH; either plastic token or transit cards are used at the entrance gates.
Current expansion plans are projected to increase the number of stations to nine by 2016-2017. In June 2014, President Petro Poroshenko signed the 2014 budget into law which will allocate funding to the "Dnipropetrovskyi Metropoliten" company for the completion of the system's first rapid transit line.
In 1979, the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union affirmed the Central Committee of the Communist Party's action to allow the Gosplan (government planning agency) and the communication and transportation construction ministries to conduct research on construction a metropolitan system in Dnipropetrovsk.
The construction itself was started on March 15, 1982 following a decree by the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union. These plans were realised when the system's first line, the Tsentralno-Zavodska Line, was opened to the public on December 29, 1995.
The Dnipropetrovsk Metro system was constructed following the typical Soviet metro construction format. Out of the six stations, five are located deep underground and one is placed near the surface. Four of the deep stations are single vaults built on Leningrad technology and one is a Pylon. The only shallow station is a pillar trispan. Owing to the economic recession of the early 1990s, the metro stations lack the same level of decoration and architectural integrity of those built in Soviet times.
Three stations are currently under construction, which would expand the system from the Dnipropetrovsk Central Railway Station (at Vokzalna) to the city centre; Teatralna (near the Theatre of Opera and Ballet), Tsentralna, and Muzeina (near the Museum of History). Construction on these two stations was restarted in late February 2011 after being completely halted on July 26, 2009.
Two new stations in the city centre, "Teatralna" and "Tsentralna", are on track and expected to be finished by 2015, whilst "Muzeina" should, according to current plans, be finished by 2016. Another station, "Parus", is planned for the western terminus of the Tsentralno-Zavodska Line. A lack of funding for the construction also gave rise to the fact that Dnipropetrovsk was not chosen as one of the host cities of the UEFA Euro 2012 football championship.
After the first additions to the line segment, the total length of the only line is expected to be 11.82 kilometers (7.34 mi), with 9 stations. In the long term perspective, a second line is planned to span across the Dnipro River, and to potentially have 80 kilometers (50 mi) of track on three lines minimum.
- "ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕХНИКО-ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИОННЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНОВ ЗА 2013 ГОД." [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2013.] (pdf). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2013. pp. 1,3. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
- Kostyuk, Artyom. "Rolling track". dpmetro.narod.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Information about the metro system". gorod.dp.ua. Dnipropetrovsk City Central Internet Portal. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- "About number and composition population of UKRAINE by All-Ukrainian Population Census'2001 data.". All-Ukrainian population census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Відправлення (перевезення) пасажирів за видами транспорту загального користування" [Departure (transport) of passengers by public transport] (in Ukrainian). Головне управління статистики у Дніпропетровській області [Department of Statistics in the Dnipropetrovsk region]. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- "Dnipropetrovsk Metro". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Poroshenko allocated funding towards finishing the Dnipropetrovsk Metro". Ekonomichna Pravda (in Ukrainian). Ukrayinska Pravda. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Platonov, Vladimir (December 30-January 5, 1996). "Metro as a secret object and symbol of the highest patronage". Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Dnipropetrovskyi metropoliten". Ministry of Transport and Communications of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-21.[dead link]
- "In Dnipropetrovsk construction is restarted on the metro". Korrespondent.net (in Russian). February 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dnipropetrovsk Metro.|
- Dnepropetrovsk Metro – unofficial website (Ukrainian)
- Dnepropetrovsk Metro at Metroworld website (Russian)
- Dnepropetrovsk Metro at UrbanRail.net
- Dnepropetrovsk Metro at Subways.net