Dnovsky District

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Dnovsky District
Дновский район (Russian)
Location of Dnovsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Dnovsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°49′N 29°58′E / 57.817°N 29.967°E / 57.817; 29.967Coordinates: 57°49′N 29°58′E / 57.817°N 29.967°E / 57.817; 29.967
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center town of Dno[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 146
Municipal structure (as of April 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Dnovsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 5
Statistics
Area 1,194 km2 (461 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 13,341 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 67.9%
- Rural 32.1%
Density 11.17 /km2 (28.9 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Official website

Dnovsky District (Russian: Дно́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast and borders with Soletsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the northeast, Volotovsky District, also of Novgorod Oblast, in the east, Dedovichsky District in the south, and with Porkhovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,194 square kilometers (461 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Dno.[2] Population: 13,341 (2010 Census);[4] 16,048 (2002 Census);[7] 20,110 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Dno accounts for 67.9% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

Being a part of the Ilmen Depression, the district's landscape is essentially flat. The district lies in the basin of the Shelon River. The biggest rivers in the district, all of them being right tributaries of the Shelon, are the Dubyanka, the Polonka, and the Lyuta. A part of the Shelon itself flows through the district as well.

History[edit]

In the past, the area belonged to the Novgorod Republic. Two villages with the name of Dno (Bolshoye Dno and Maloye Dno) were first mentioned in chronicles in the 15th century. After the fall of the Novgorod Republic in 1478, the area was, together will the rest of Novgorod lands, annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. It belonged to Shelonskaya Pyatina, one of the five pyatinas into which Novgorod lands were divided. In the 16th century, state-sponsored roads were built, and the area became one of the centers of yam, the road messenger system.[9] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. In 1776, Porkhovsky Uyezd was transferred from Novgorod Governorate to Pskov Governorate. The area was a part of Porkhovsky Uyezd, and Dno was the seat of Dnovskaya Volost.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Dnovsky District was established, with the administrative center in the town of Dno. It included parts of former Porkhovsky Uyezd. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. Between August 1941 and February 1944, Dnovsky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[10]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The industrial enterprises in the district include two metalworking plants, a ceramic production plant, and a bakery.[11]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specialization in the district is cattle breeding with meat and milk production. As of 2012, eight large- and mid-scale farms were operating in the district.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Dno is an important railway station where two railways cross. One connects Bologoye and Pskov via Staraya Russa and runs from east to west. Another one connects St. Petersburg and Vitebsk and runs from north to south.

Dno is connected by roads with Soltsy, Porkhov, and Dedovichi. There are also local roads with bus traffic.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[13] The federally protected monuments are archeological sites.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b "О районе" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "История района" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Дновский район (авг. 1927 - авг. 1944)" (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Промышленность" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Сельское хозяйство" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 21, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).