Doğubeyazıt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Doğubeyazıt
Doğubeyazıt is located in Turkey
Doğubeyazıt
Doğubeyazıt
Coordinates: 39°32′50″N 44°05′00″E / 39.54722°N 44.08333°E / 39.54722; 44.08333Coordinates: 39°32′50″N 44°05′00″E / 39.54722°N 44.08333°E / 39.54722; 44.08333
Country Turkey
Province Ağrı
Government
 • Mayor Murat Rohat Özbay (BDP)
 • Kaymakam Metin Maytalman
Area[1]
 • District 2,415.84 km2 (932.76 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 74,316
 • District 118,950
 • District density 49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Website www.dogubayazit-bld.gov.tr
Ishak Pasha Palace near Doğubayazıt

Doğubayazıt (Armenian: Դարոյնք, Դարենից Kurdish: Bazîd) is a city and district of Ağrı Province of Turkey, and is Turkey's most eastern district, the border crossing to Iran. Elevation 1625 m. Area 2,383 km². Population (2010) 115,354 (up from 73,794 in 1980) of which 69,447 live in the town of Doğubeyazıt, the remainder in the surrounding countryside.

The town of Doğubayazıt is a settlement with a long history. It lies 15 km southwest of Mount Ararat, 93 km east of the city of Ağrı and 35 km from the Iranian border. The town stands on a plain surrounded by some of Turkey's highest peaks including: Ararat (5,137m), Little Ararat (3,896m), Tendürek Dağı (3,533m), Kaletepe (3,196m) Arıdağı (2,934m) and Göllertepe (2,643m).

The weather on the plain is hot and dry in summer, cold and dry in winter.

History[edit]

See Ağrı Province for the history of the wider area.
Defence of Doğubeyazıt during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 by Lev Lagorio

For most of the periods described there Doğubeyazıt was a bigger and more important settlement than the present-day provincial capital Ağrı, not least because this is the Iranian border crossing.

The area has had a rich history with monuments dating back to the time of the Kingdom of Urartu (over 2700 years ago). Before the Ottoman empire the site was referred to by its Armenian name, Daroynk.[3] In the 4th century the Sasanians failed to capture the Armenian stronghold and royal treasury at Daroynk. Princes of the Bagratid dynasty of Armenia resided at Daroynk and rebuilt the fortress.[3] It was subsequently conquered by Persians, Romans, Arabs, and Byzantines all of whom would have used the plain to rest and recoup during their passages across the mountains. Turkish peoples arrived in 1064, but were soon followed by the Mongols and further waves of Turks. The castle of Daroynk was built and rebuilt many times throughout this history, although it is now named after the Turkish warlord Celayırlı Şehzade Bayazıt Han who ordered one of the rebuildings (in 1374). Ultimately, the town was renamed Beyazit itself in the 16th century.

After its conquest by the Ottoman Empire in 1514 the area was ruled by Turkish generals, later including İshakpaşa, who built the palace that still bears his name.

The town saw fighting in the Turko-Persian War of 1821-1822, was attacked by Russia in 1856, and taken by the Russians during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. When the Russians retreated many of the Armenian population left with them to build New Beyazit (now Gavar at Armenia) on the shore of lake Sevan.

Doğubeyazıt was further ravaged during World War I and the Turkish War of Independence[citation needed]

The widely dispersed village of Bayazit, originally an Armenian settlement, was populated by Kurds in 1930, when the Turkish army destroyed it. A new town was built in the plain below the old site in the 1930s (hence the new name "Doğubeyazıt" which literally means "East Beyazıt").

Today[edit]

In January 2006, Doğubeyazıt was the centre of a H5N1 bird flu outbreak.[4] Several children died from the disease after playing with chicken carcasses.

The Doğubayazıtspor football club plays in the lower divisions of the Turkish football league. It played in the Turkish Third League for three seasons.

Economy[edit]

As of 1920, the area was producing sulphur.[5]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Mount Ararat - 15 km from Doğubeyazıt, and the best views of the mountain are from here.
  • On a hill to the south of town, there is the Ishak Pasha Palace, completed in 1784.
  • The castle and mosque of Old Beyazit, first built by the Urartu but which bear traces of many civilisations.
  • The "Durupinar" site is up in the hills east of town and south of the main highway.
  • Balık Gölü - a lake in a lava bed, 60 km from Doğubeyazıt, near Taşlıçay.
  • The Ice Cave - on the side of Little Ararat near the village of Hallaç.
  • The ruins of the 900BC Urartu temple and palace on the hill of Giriktepe.
  • A stone formation believed to be Noah's ark.
  • The ancient Armenian cemetery.[3]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Doğubeyazıt is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ a b c Bayazit, Iranica Enc., by R. W. Edwards
  4. ^ Turkey Bird Flu Region Still Wary - BBC article about Doğubeyazıt outbreak
  5. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationary Office. p. 73.