Dobcross

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Dobcross
Dobcross from a distance.jpg
A view over Dobcross
Dobcross is located in Greater Manchester
Dobcross
Dobcross
 Dobcross shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD9906
   – London  162 mi (261 km) SSE 
Civil parish Saddleworth
Metropolitan borough Oldham
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OLDHAM
Postcode district OL3
Dialling code 01457
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Oldham East and Saddleworth
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°33′25″N 2°00′50″W / 53.557°N 2.014°W / 53.557; -2.014

Dobcross is a village in Saddleworth—a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, and since 1974 part of the administrative county Greater Manchester, England. It is located in a valley in the South Pennines, along the course of the River Tame and the Huddersfield Narrow Canal, 4.2 miles (6.8 km) east-northeast of Oldham and 13 miles (21 km) west-southwest of Huddersfield.

Historically and culturally a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Dobcross was anciently a chapelry in the Quickmere division of Saddleworth. For centuries, Dobcross was a hamlet, sustained by domestic flannel and woollen cloth production. Many of the original 17th and 18th century barns and weavers' cottages survive today as listed buildings.[1][2][3]

Together with neighbouring Delph, Dobcross is, geographically, "considered as the centre of Saddleworth", although is not its largest village centre by some margin.[4] Industrial tycoon Henry Platt was born in Dobcross in 1770. John Schlesinger's 1979 film Yanks was filmed on location in Dobcross, and an annual Yanks festival, coupled with a brass band contest on Whit Friday, each contribute to the village's cultural calendar.

History[edit]

Dobcross is located at an ancient crossing point of the River Tame which was formerly used by trans-Pennine packhorses as they travelled east from Lancashire into Yorkshire.

At this crossing point of the River Tame lies the site of Walk Mill, which derives its name from the way the wool was 'walked' or trodden to 'full' the cloth before the introduction of mechanical stocks by which the cloth was beaten with fulling hammers to felt and thicken it. Probably the earliest fulling mill in Saddleworth, Walk Mill would have been a common meeting place for the local clothiers.

Beginning with Richard, the Lawton family ran the mill from at least the late 16th century, if not earlier, and their later wealth in buildings, land and money probably came from the monopoly held by the fulling mill in finishing locally made cloth. The size of the business can be estimated in that by 1792 Saddleworth saw the production of 36,637 cloth pieces, each priced at £7, giving a total revenue of £256,459 (£27,890,000 in 2015).[5] A total of 1,480,000 pounds (740 short tons) of wool had been used in their manufacture. From wool to the innkeeping business, the Lawton family continued to be a prominent family in Dobcross through to the early 19th century.

On the morning of Whit Friday, the traditional Whit Walks, a church procession followed by a service, take place in Saddleworth parish. Saddleworth and District Whit Friday Brass Band contests take place every year on the afternoon and evening of Whit Friday.

The playwright Henry Livings (1929–1998) lived in the village and a Henry Livings memorial prize is open to bands who have played on any of the morning's walks.

The public house "The Nudger" in the village was once owned by the Olympic swimming champion Henry Taylor of Oldham.[6]

Governance[edit]

Lying within the ancient county boundaries of Yorkshire since a very early time, during the Middle Ages, Dobcross lay within the Saddleworth chapelry of the ancient parish of Rochdale. Like the other Yorkshire areas of the ancient parish, it was in the wapentake of Agbrigg, with the Lancashire areas of the ancient parish being in Salfordshire.[7][8]

Dobcross was created an ecclesiastical parish in 1797.[9] It is currently in Saddleworth Deanery, part of the Archdeaconry of Rochdale, in the Anglican Diocese of Manchester.[10]

From 1894 to 1900, Dobcross lay within the Saddleworth Rural District, a local government district in the administrative County of York, West Riding. In 1900, Dobcross was merged into Saddleworth Urban District, where it stayed until 1974. Under the Local Government Act 1972, the Saddleworth Urban District was abolished, and Dobcross has, since 1 April 1974, formed part of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, within Greater Manchester.[7][11]

Since 1997, Dobcross has formed part of the parliamentary constituency of Oldham East and Saddleworth, and is represented in the House of Commons by Debbie Abrahams, a member of the Labour Party.[12] Between 1983 and 1997 it was in the Littleborough and Saddleworth constituency.

Demography[edit]

Dobcross/Uppermill compared
2001 UK census Dobcross/Uppermill[13] Oldham (borough)[14] England
Total population 7,475 217,273 49,138,831
White 98.3% 86.1 91%
Asian 0.6% 11.9 4.6%
Black 0.2% 0.6 2.3%

The villages of Dobcross and Uppermill were treated as a single entity by the Office for National Statistics in the 2001 United Kingdom Census. As such, there are no demographic statistics for the village on its own. The statistics given here are for the combined population of Dobcross and Uppermill, which are about half a mile apart.

At the 2001 census, the area had a population of 7,475. Its population density was 10,324 inhabitants per square mile (3,986/km2), with a female-to-male ratio of 100 to 92.6.[15] Of those over 16 years old, 22.5% were single (never married), 49.6% married, and 7.8% divorced.[16] The 3,225 households in the area included 27.7% one-person, 43.2% married couples living together, 8.1% were co-habiting couples, and 6.9% single parents with their children.[17] Of those aged 16–74, 21.1% had no academic qualifications, significantly below the averages of Oldham (37.7%) and England (28.9%).[18][19]

At the 2001 UK census, 79.6% of residents in the area reported themselves as being Christian, 0.3% Muslim, 0.3% Hindu, 0.2% Buddhist, and 0.2% Jewish. The census recorded 13.3% as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 6.0% did not state their religion.[20]

Transport[edit]

Dobcross railway station closed in 1955 when the Delph Donkey passenger train service from Oldham to Delph via Greenfield was withdrawn. The line remained in use for goods traffic until 1963.

The main bus route through the village of Dobcross is the 184, operated by First Greater Manchester. This runs twice an hour to Diggle and Huddersfield, and in the opposite direction to Oldham and Manchester. On the hourly service to and from Huddersfield, it avoids the village by taking a quicker route along Wool Road, lying just to the east of the village. The other services through Dobcross Square are the 353 and 354 which run from Denshaw and Carrcote to Ashton-under-Lyne. These each run every two hours Monday to Saturday, and are run by First. There are no evening or Sunday services through Dobcross Square.

Besides the services through the village proper, First services 82 (Uppermill - Manchester, peak hours only), 350 (Ashton - Oldham, every 30 minutes) and X84 (Carrcote - Manchester, peak hours only) serve Dobcross New Road.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "1-5 Edge End, Dobcross". imagesofengland.org.uk. 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "Brownhill Bridge Mill". imagesofengland.org.uk. 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  3. ^ "Holly Grove". imagesofengland.org.uk. 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  4. ^ Banes & Parson 1822, p. 262.
  5. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2015), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  6. ^ Janice Barker (20 August 2008). "Another 24 hours, another Olympic record". Oldham Evening Chronicle.  Retrieved on 31 March 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - D to F. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  8. ^ Youngs, F. A. (1991). page 600, under the entry for Saddleworth.
  9. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Dobcross EP through time. Census tables with data for the Ecclesiastical Parish". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  10. ^ "Rochdale Archdeaconry - Saddleworth Deanery". manchester.anglican.org. Retrieved 17 April 2008. 
  11. ^ HMSO. Local Government Act 1972. 1972 c.70.
  12. ^ "Debbie Abrahams MP". Communities.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  13. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS06 Ethnic group Page white excel.png. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  14. ^ "Oldham Metropolitan Borough ethnic group". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  15. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  16. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS04 Marital status Page white excel.png. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  17. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS20 Household composition Page white excel.png. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  18. ^ "Oldham Metropolitan Borough key statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  19. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS13 Qualifications and students Page white excel.png. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 
  20. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS07 Religion Page white excel.png. Retrieved 22 April 2009. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Baines, Edward; Parson, William (1822). "History, directory & gazeteer, of the county of York". E. Baines. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Livings, Henry (1975) That the Medals and the Baton Be Put on View: story of a village band, 1875-1975. Newton Abbot: David & Charles (relating to Dobcross Band).

External links[edit]