Doberlug-Kirchhain

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Doberlug-Kirchhain
Weißgerbermuseum Doberlug-Kirchhain.jpg
Coat of arms of Doberlug-Kirchhain
Coat of arms
Doberlug-Kirchhain   is located in Germany
Doberlug-Kirchhain
Doberlug-Kirchhain
Coordinates: 51°37′N 13°34′E / 51.617°N 13.567°E / 51.617; 13.567Coordinates: 51°37′N 13°34′E / 51.617°N 13.567°E / 51.617; 13.567
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Elbe-Elster
Subdivisions 10 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Bodo Broszinski (FDP)
Area
 • Total 148.93 km2 (57.50 sq mi)
Elevation 97 m (318 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,875
 • Density 60/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 03253
Dialling codes 035322
Vehicle registration EE
Website www.doberlug-kirchhain.de

Doberlug-Kirchhain is a town in the district of Elbe-Elster, Brandenburg, Germany.

History[edit]

937. The town of Kirchhain was built by Margrave Gero. A document written in 1005 mentions the town Doberlug (Dobraluh) for the first time. In 1165 the Cistercian Dobrilugk Abbey was founded by Margrave Dietrich of Landsberg.

1235. Kirchhain received market-rights. In 1431 the Hussites destroyed the town of Doberlug and the abbey was devastated. In 1637 and 1643 the Swedes destroyed Kirchhain.

1848. The jurisdictions of Doberlug and Kirchhain were unified, but the actual merger of the two towns did not take place until over one hundred years later, in 1950.

During World War II, Kirchhain was taken by the Red Army on 23 April 1945.

On August 28, 1992, the Amt Doberlug-Kirchhain was created to streamline the administration of the town together with the surrounding 8 small municipalities. Nexdorf and Frankena later joined as well. The municipalities incorporated into the town were Frankena (2000), Dübrichen, Hennersdorf, Nexdorf, Prießen and Werenzhain (2001), and Buchhain (2002). The remaining three municipalities Arenzhain, Trebbus and Lugau were incorporated on October 26, 2003, thus ending the history of the Amt.

Demography[edit]

Doberlug-Kirchhain:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 9 024
1890 10 082
1910 11 320
1925 11 386
1933 12 007
1939 12 209
1946 16 328
1950 16 198
1964 13 457
1971 13 395
Year Population
1981 12 560
1985 12 527
1989 12 086
1990 11 996
1991 11 752
1992 11 628
1993 11 477
1994 11 259
1995 11 209
1996 11 135
Year Population
1997 11 095
1998 11 130
1999 11 013
2000 10 936
2001 10 705
2002 10 494
2003 10 323
2004 10 137
2005 9 890
2006 9 764
Year Population
2007 9 530
2008 9 342
2009 9 225
2010 9 083
2011 8 982
2012 8 875

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of the town shows the town hall with three towers topped with yellow flags. Below is a green ring. On top are two clouds and rays of the sun. The shield is blue, and shaped like a leather sheet, symbolizing the history of the city as a tannery center. The coat of arms was created in 1950 by combining the symbols of the coats of arms of Doberlug and Kirchhain: the green ring and the sun are taken from the arms of Doberlug, while the town hall is from those of Kirchhain.

Twin towns[edit]

Doberlug-Kirchhain is twinned with Hemer in North Rhine-Westphalia and Kirchhain in Hesse.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Kirchhain[edit]

Doberlug[edit]

Photogallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Doberlug-Kirchhain at Wikimedia Commons