Dobromyl

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Coat of Arms
Herburt castle ruins near Dobromyl

Dobromyl (Ukrainian: Добромиль, Polish: Dobromil) is a city in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. It is located at around 49°34′N 22°47′E / 49.567°N 22.783°E / 49.567; 22.783Coordinates: 49°34′N 22°47′E / 49.567°N 22.783°E / 49.567; 22.783, some 5 kilometers to the border with Poland. Population: 5,000 (2001) [1].

Dobromyl was first mentioned in 1374, as a settlement founded by the Herburt family, upon request of Polish prince Władysław Opolczyk. In 1566 it was granted Magdeburg rights by the King Sigismund the Old. Eighteen years later, Stanislaw Herburt built a castle here, the town also had a printing shop, where in 1612 the Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae (The Annals of Jan Dlugosz) were published. Until the Partitions of Poland (1772), Dobromil was part of Przemysl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the course of time, the branch of the Herburt family which resided in the town changed its name into Dobromilski.

In 1772, Dobromil was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, and until 1918 belonged to Austrian Galicia. After World War One, the town returned to Poland, and in the Second Polish Republic, was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship. In 1921 its population was 5386. Following the Nazi and Soviet Invasion of Poland (September 1939), Dobromil was occupied by the Soviet Union. In June 1941, Soviet NKVD murdered here hundreds of prisoners (see NKVD prisoner massacres).

Under German occupation, Dobromil was transferred to Przemysl County, District of Krakow, General Government. Its Jewish minority perished in the Holocaust, and on August 8, 1944 the town was seized by the Red Army.

Currently, Dobromil belongs to Ukraine. The town has a local office of the Association of Polish Culture of the Lviv Land. Among famous people associated with Dobromil are:

  • physician and major of the Polish Army, Stanislaw van der Coghen, murdered in the Katyn Massacre,
  • Piotr Geisler, doctor and general of the Polish Army,
  • Tadeusz Stanislaw Grabowski, Polish historian and professor of the Jagiellonian University,
  • Kazimierz Wisniowski, brigade general of the Polish Army.

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