Doctor of both laws
A Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, from the Latin doctor utriusque juris, or juris utriusque doctor, or doctor juris utriusque ("doctor of both laws") (abbreviations include: JUD, IUD, DUJ, JUDr., DUI, DJU, Dr.iur.utr., Dr.jur.utr., DIU, UJD and UID) is a scholar who has acquired a doctorate in both civil law and church law. The degree was common among Catholic and German scholars of the Middle Ages and early modern times. Today the degree is awarded by the Pontifical Lateran University in the State of the Vatican City after a period of six years study and by the University of Wuerzburg.
After his second term as President of the United States, Grover Cleveland was given the J.U.D. as an honorary degree by the Augustinian College of St. Thomas of Villanova (Villanova University) in 1902.
Doctors of Civil and Canon Law
- Agliardi, Antonio, Cardinal, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
- Arregui Yarza, Antonio, Metropolitan Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Guayaquil, Ecuador
- Bevilacqua, Anthony, Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of Philadelphia (USA)
- Cafardi, Nicholas P., Dean emeritus and Professor of Law of the Duquesne University School of Law (USA)
- Carafa, Pierluigi (iuniore), Cardinal, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Dean of the College of Cardinals
- Pietro Gasparri, Cardinal, Secretary of State
- Rev Denzil Meuli, priest of the diocese of Auckland
- Peters, Edward N., Catholic University of America, 1991
- Mario Francesco Pompedda, Cardinal, Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
- Pietro Respighi, Cardinal, Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran
- K. J. Ståhlberg, President of Finland
- Alessandro Verde, Cardinal, Archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (Italy)
- Carlo Maria Viganò, Archbishop at the centre of the Vatileaks scandal
- Waldery Hilgeman, Postulator for the Causes of Saints, Ecclesiastical Judge of the Interdiocesan Tribunal of Utrecht.
- Gottfried Leibniz held the degree. Ross, G. (1980). Leibniz and Superstition. Delivered to the Northern Association for Philosophy, 26 January 1980. Accessed 29 May 2008.
- New York Times (1902). To Honor Mr. Cleveland. New York: New York Times.
- John Courtney Murray Citation. http://www.ctsa-online.org/pdf_doc_files/JOHN_COURTNEY_MURRAY_AWARD_2011.pdf
- Official Biography. http://archphila.org/offices/Fitzgerald.php