Doctor of both laws

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This article is about degree awarded by Pontifical Lateran University. For traditional JUDr. degree awarded by Czech law schools, see Juris Utrisque Doctor in the Czech Republic.

A Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, from the Latin doctor utriusque juris, or juris utriusque doctor, or doctor juris utriusque ("doctor of both laws") (abbreviations include: JUD, IUD, DUJ, JUDr., DUI, DJU, Dr.iur.utr., Dr.jur.utr., DIU, UJD and UID) is a scholar who has acquired a doctorate in both civil law and church law. The degree was common among Catholic and German scholars[1] of the Middle Ages and early modern times. Today the degree is awarded by the Pontifical Lateran University in the State of the Vatican City after a period of six years study and by the University of Wuerzburg.

After his second term as President of the United States, Grover Cleveland was given the J.U.D. as an honorary degree by the Augustinian College of St. Thomas of Villanova (Villanova University) in 1902.[2]

Doctors of Civil and Canon Law[edit]

  • Rev Denzil Meuli, priest of the diocese of Auckland

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gottfried Leibniz held the degree. Ross, G. (1980). Leibniz and Superstition. Delivered to the Northern Association for Philosophy, 26 January 1980. Accessed 29 May 2008.
  2. ^ New York Times (1902). To Honor Mr. Cleveland. New York: New York Times.
  3. ^ John Courtney Murray Citation. http://www.ctsa-online.org/pdf_doc_files/JOHN_COURTNEY_MURRAY_AWARD_2011.pdf
  4. ^ Official Biography. http://archphila.org/offices/Fitzgerald.php

See also[edit]