Document file format

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Not to be confused with File format.

A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currentlments. Examples of XML-based open standards are DocBook, XHTML, and, more recently, the ISO/IEC standards OpenDocument (ISO 26300:2006) and Office Open XML (ISO 29500:2008).

In 1993, the ITU-T tried to establish a standard for document file formats, known as the Open Document Architecture (ODA) which was supposed to replace all competing document file formats. It is described in ITU-T documents T.411 through T.421, which are equivalent to ISO 8613. It did not succeed.

Page description languages such as PostScript and y exists a multitude of incompatible document file formats. A rough consensus has been established that XML is to be the technical basis for future document file formats, although PDF is likely to remain the format of choice for fixed-layout docuPDF have become the de facto standard for documents that a typical user should only be able to create and read, not edit. In 2001, a series of ISO/IEC standards for PDF began to be published, including the specification for PDF itself, ISO-32000.

HTML is the most used and open international standard and it is also used as document file format. It has also become ISO/IEC standard (ISO 15445:2000).

The default binary file format used by Microsoft Word (.doc) has become widespread de facto standard for office documents, but it is a proprietary format and is not always fully supported by other word processors.

Common document file formats[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Microsoft Office Binary (doc, xls, ppt) File Formats". 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  2. ^ Microsoft Corporation (2010-07-23). "MS-DOC - Word Binary File Format (.doc) Structure Specification". Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  3. ^ "What is DjVu -". Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  4. ^ Microsoft Corporation (May 1999). "Rich Text Format (RTF) Specification, version 1.6". Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  5. ^ "4.3 Non-HTML file formats". e-Government Unit. May 2002. Retrieved 2010-03-13. [dead link]
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  9. ^ Ranjan Parekh, Ranjan (2006). Principles of Multimedia. Tata McGraw-Hill. p. 87. ISBN 0-07-058833-3. 

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