Dodecahedral prism

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Dodecahedral prism
Dodecahedral prism.png
Schlegel diagram
Only one dodecahedral cell shown
Type Prismatic uniform polychoron
Uniform index 57
Schläfli symbol t0,3{5,3,2} or {5,3}×{}
Coxeter-Dynkin CDel node 1.pngCDel 5.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node 1.png
Cells 2 (5.5.5)Dodecahedron.png
12 (4.4.5)Pentagonal prism.png
Faces 30 {4}
24 {5}
Edges 80
Vertices 40
Vertex figure Dodecahedral prism verf.png
Equilateral-triangular pyramid
Symmetry group [5,3,2], order 240
Properties convex

In geometry, a dodecahedral prism is a convex uniform polychoron (four-dimensional polytope). This polychoron has 14 polyhedral cells: 2 dodecahedra connected by 12 pentagonal prisms. It has 54 faces: 30 squares and 24 pentagons. It has 80 edges and 40 vertices.

It can be constructed by creating two coinciding dodecahedra in 3-space, and translating each copy in opposite perpendicular directions in 4-space until their separation equals their edge length.

It is one of 18 convex uniform polyhedral prisms created by using uniform prisms to connect pairs of parallel Platonic solids or Archimedean solids.

Alternative names[edit]

  1. Dodecahedral dyadic prism Norman W. Johnson
  2. Dope (for dodecahedral prism) Jonathan Bowers
  3. Dodecahedral hyperprism

Images[edit]

Structure[edit]

The dodecahedral prism consists of two dodecahedra connected to each other via 12 pentagonal prisms. The pentagonal prisms are joined to each other via their square faces.

Projections[edit]

The pentagonal-prism-first orthographic projection of the dodecahedral prism into 3D space has a decagonal envelope (see diagram). Two of the pentagonal prisms project to the center of this volume, each surrounded by 5 other pentagonal prisms. They form two sets (each consisting of a central pentagonal prism surrounded by 5 other non-uniform pentagonal prisms) that cover the volume of the decagonal prism twice. The two dodecahedra project onto the decagonal faces of the envelope.

The dodecahedron-first orthographic projection of the dodecahedral prism into 3D space has a dodecahedral envelope. The two dodecahedral cells project onto the entire volume of this envelope, while the 12 decagonal prismic cells project onto its 12 pentagonal faces.

External links[edit]