Dodge Caravan

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Dodge Caravan/Dodge Grand Caravan
2011 Dodge Grand Caravan Mainstreet -- 02-17-2011.jpg
2011 Dodge Grand Caravan Mainstreet
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Production 1983–2015
Model years 1984–2015
Assembly Windsor, Ontario, Canada (Dodge Canada)
Body and chassis
Class Minivan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive (1984–present)
Transverse front-engine, all-wheel drive (1992–2004)
Related Plymouth Voyager
Chrysler Town & Country
Dodge Mini Ram
Chrysler Grand Voyager
Lancia Voyager
Volkswagen Routan
Chronology
Successor Dodge Journey (short-wheelbase version only)

The Dodge Caravan is a family minivan manufactured by Chrysler Group LLC and sold under its Dodge brand. The Caravan was introduced for the 1984 model year along with its nameplate variant, the Plymouth Voyager (1984–2001). In 1987, the Dodge Grand Caravan long-wheelbase (LWB) model was introduced and sold alongside the short-wheelbase (SWB) Caravan. The SWB model was discontinued after the 2007 model year; and, since the 2008 model year, the vehicle is marketed under the Grand Caravan nameplate.

Other automobile platform variants of the Caravan include the Chrysler Voyager (1988–present), the upmarket Chrysler Town & Country (1989–present), and Chrysler Grand Voyager (Sold as a Lancia in mainland Europe), as well as the Volkswagen Routan (2008–2012).

Chrysler manufactures and markets its minivans worldwide. Combining the nameplate variants, the Chrysler minivans rank as the 13th best-selling automotive nameplate worldwide.[1]

Overview[edit]

Chrysler introduced the Dodge and Plymouth minivans in November 1983 for the 1984 model year, using an extended derivative of the Chrysler K platform, the Chrysler S platform. Chrysler followed with a long wheelbase (LWB) model, the Grand Caravan in 1987, also based on the Chrysler S platform.

Lee Iacocca and Hal Sperlich had conceived their idea for this type of vehicle during their earlier tenure at Ford Motor Company. Henry Ford II rejected the idea (and a prototype) of a minivan in 1974. Iaccoca followed Sperlich to Chrysler Corporation, and together they created the T115 minivan – a prototype that was to become the Caravan and Voyager, known colloquially as the "Magic-wagons" (a term used in advertising).[2]

The Chrysler minivans launched a few months ahead of the Renault Espace (the first MPV/minivan in Europe, initially presented to executives as a Talbot in 1979,[3] but not launched until 1984), making them the first of their kind – effectively creating the modern minivan segment in the U.S. The original Matra design for the Renault Espace was created when Matra was owned by Chrysler Corporation, so Chrysler may also be credited with originating the minivan concept in Europe as well.[2]

1986 Dodge Caravan at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History

Since their introduction in the fall of 1983, the Chrysler minivans have outsold other minivans in the United States,[4] with over 13 million Chrysler, Dodge and Plymouth minivans[4] in over 80 countries[4] sold as of October 2008. Only recently has Chrysler ceded the top-selling minivan spot to the Honda Odyssey,[4] if Dodge Grand Caravan and Chrysler Town & Country sales are considered separately.

Generation I (1984–1990)[edit]

Generation I
87-90 Dodge Grand Caravan.jpg
Overview
Also called Dodge Grand Caravan (LWB Model)
Dodge Caravan (SWB Model)
Production October 1983–1990
Model years 1984–1990
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door minivan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler S platform
Related Chrysler Town & Country
Plymouth Voyager
Dodge Mini Ram
Chrysler Voyager (Europe only)
Powertrain
Engine 2.2 L K I4
2.5 L K I4
2.5 L Turbo I4
2.6 L Mitsubishi G54B I4
3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6
3.3 L EGA V6
Transmission 4-speed A460 manual
5-speed manual
3-speed A413 automatic
3-speed A470 automatic
3-speed A670 automatic
4-speed A604 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1984–1988 SWB: 112.1 in (2,847 mm)
Grand Caravan & C/V Extended: 119.1 in (3,025 mm)
1989–1990 SWB & C/V: 112 in (2,844.8 mm)
Length SWB & C/V: 175.9 in (4,468 mm)
Grand Caravan: 190.5 in (4,839 mm)
1989–1990 LE SWB: 177.3 in (4,503 mm)
1989–1990 Grand Caravan LE: 191.9 in (4,874 mm)
C/V Extended: 190.6 in (4,841 mm)
Width 1984–1988: 69.5 in (1,765 mm)
1989–1990: 72 in (1,829 mm)
Height 1984–1988 SWB: 64.4 in (1,636 mm)
1987–1988 Grand Caravan: 65 in (1,651 mm)
C/V: 64.2 in (1,631 mm)
1989–1990 SWB: 64.6 in (1,641 mm)
1989–1990 Grand Caravan: 64.8 in (1,646 mm)

Generation I Caravans used the Chrysler S platform, which was closely related to the K-cars, Dodge Aries and Plymouth Reliant. There were three trim levels on the Generation I Caravan: base, mainstream SE, and upscale LE. The Caravan was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1985. All trim levels were also available in a slightly longer body, called the Grand Caravan, which allowed significantly more cargo space behind the rear seat. Most of the interior trim, controls, and instrumentation were borrowed from the K-car, leading to a very "car-like" interior look and feel. Coupled with the lower floor that the front-wheel-drive design allowed, this helped to make the Caravan seem more like a large station wagon than a van, enticing many buyers who would not have otherwise been comfortable driving a van.

The vans came equipped for seven passengers in three rows of seating, putting it between a typical twelve-passenger/four-row full-size van and a six-passenger/two-row large sedan. Two bucket seats with attached armrests and open floor space between them in the front, a 2 person bench seat in the second row, and a 3 person bench seat in the back row. The two bench seats in the rear were independently removable, and the large 3 person bench could also be installed in the 2nd row location via a second set of attachment points on the van's floor, ordinarily hidden with snap-in plastic covers. This configuration allowed for conventional 5 person seating with a sizable cargo area in the rear. The latching mechanisms for the benches were very intuitive and easy to operate. The act of moving the seats, however, typically required 2 adults, and lifting them back into the van was a very awkward procedure. A front low-back 60/40 split bench, accommodating a third front passenger in the middle, was offered in the SE trim level in 1985 only, allowing for a maximum of 9 passengers in the van with two 3-passenger rear benches installed. Despite increasing seating capacity, this was not repeated due to poor sales. Eight-passenger models, with 2 front bucket seats and two 3-passenger rear benches, were offered in the Grand Caravan from 1987 to 1990.

Safety features were typical of vans of the era, and consisted of 3-point seat belts for the front two passengers, with simple lap belts for the rear 5. Seats on base models and cloth-trimmed SEs had no headrests, which were not mandated due to the van's "light truck" legal status. However, the two front seats were equipped with non-adjustable headrests on the LE model and in conjunction with vinyl upholstery on the SE. Side-impact reinforcements were mandated, and were at all seating positions front and rear. Neither Airbags nor ABS were available.

Access to the rear rows of seating was by a large sliding door on the passenger side. The sliding door allowed easier access in a confined suburban garage, compared to the double doors found on most full-size vans of the era. Because only one sliding door was offered, the smaller 2nd row bench seat was installed off center, shifted to the drivers side of the van, to allow easy passenger access to the 3rd row seat. The cargo area behind the rear seat was very limited on the standard short body model, however, the seat could be adjusted forward in 2 increments, the first of which removed roughly 6 inches (150 mm) of legroom from the back row passengers, and the second of which would push the bench all the way to the back of the 2nd row, making the seats unusable. The seatback of the rear bench could also be folded forward, providing a flat cargo shelf. The smaller 2nd row bench was not adjustable, nor foldable; it could only be removed entirely.

Cargo access to the rear was via a hatchback, similar to the one on the K-Car station wagons. The hatch was hinged at the top and held open by gas struts, and it was the source of much confusion among Caravan owners. It could only be released by the key, or by a button on the driver's control panel; it did not have a traditional door handle. Once the hatch had been "popped", the key could be removed, and the hatch lifted by a handhold above the license plate holder. However, many owners did not identify the handhold area, and instead used the turned key as a handle to lift the hatch, resulting in many broken keys.

A cargo version of the Caravan, called the Mini Ram Van, was also introduced in 1984. It was renamed as the Caravan C/V for 1989, and was discontinued after 1995. It was available either with the short- or long-wheelbase models. Unique to the Caravan C/V was the option of either having the traditional hatch door in the back or the optional "barn doors" (with or without windows), swing-out versions similar to those of more traditional cargo vans. These doors were made of fiberglass and required the C/V vans to be "drop shipped", as these doors were custom installed by another vendor. Also based on the C/V were conversion vans. These were also "drop shipped" as they were done by aftermarket vendors.

Transmissions[edit]

Both a three-speed TorqueFlite automatic transmission and a five-speed manual were available with all inline-4 engines, including the turbocharged 2.5 L (this was a rare combination). The Plymouth Voyager, which was a rebadged version of the Caravan, was also available with a manual transmission. The Chrysler Town & Country, which was a more luxurious repackaged version of the Caravan, had no manual transmission option. V-6 engines were only offered with the venerable fully hydraulically operated TorqueFlite, until the computer controlled Ultradrive 4-speed automatic became available in 1989. The Ultradrive offered much better fuel economy and responsiveness, particularly when paired with the inline-4 engine. However, it suffered from reliability problems, usually stemming from what is known as "gear hunt" or "shift busyness", resulting in premature wear of the internal clutches. It also requires an uncommon type of automatic transmission fluid and is not clearly labeled as such, leading many owners to use the more common Dexron II rather than the specified "Mopar ATF+3", resulting in transmission damage and eventual failure.

Subsequent years would see many design changes to the Ultradrive to improve reliability, and many early model transmissions would eventually be retrofitted or replaced with the updated versions by dealers, under warranty. These efforts were mostly successful, and most 1st generation Caravans eventually got an updated transmission.

Engines[edit]

For the first 3 years of production, only 2 engines were offered in the Caravan, both were inline-4 engines with 2 barrel carburetors. The base 2.2L was borrowed from the Chrysler K-cars, and produced 96 hp (72 kW) horsepower. The higher performance fuel-injected version of the 2.2L engine later offered in the Chrysler K-cars was never offered in the Caravan, and the 2-bbl version would remain the base powerplant until mid-1987. Alongside the 2.2L, an optional Mitsubishi 2.6L engine was available producing 104 hp (78 kW) horsepower, which did a better job motivating the van.

At launch, the Caravan's low horsepower to weight ratio had not been much of a concern. Its main competitors were the Toyota Van and the Volkswagen Vanagon, both of which had similarly sluggish performance. However, by 1986, new competition from Ford's Aerostar and Chevrolet's Astro had highlighted how underpowered the Caravan was. Therefore in mid-1987, the base 2.2L I4 was replaced with a fuel-injected 2.5L I4, which produced a respectable 100 hp (75 kW), while the Mitsubishi G54B I4 was replaced with the new fuel-injected 3.0L Mitsubishi V-6 producing 136 hp (101 kW), which was a popular upgrade. This gave the base Caravan noteworthy performance among its (mostly heavier, rear-wheel drive) peers.

Fender badge originally used on V6 equipped Caravans

Shortly thereafter in 1989, an even more powerful engine became an option, with a turbocharged version of the base 2.5L producing 150 hp (112 kW). This engine would not prove popular in the face of new V-6 engine options, though. Revisions to the Mitsubishi V-6 upped its output to 142 hp (106 kW) that same year, and in 1990 a new 150 hp (110 kW) 3.3 L V-6 was added to the option list. The V6 engines became popular as sales of the 2.5 turbo dwindled and it was dropped at the end of the year. In these years, a sportier and more luxurious ES model debuted (short wheelbase only) to highlight the new engines, the turbo 2.5 in particular. The ES continued throughout 2003, before it was finally discontinued and replaced with the SXT.

  • 1984–1987 2.2 L K I4, 96 hp (72 kW), 119 lb·ft (161 N·m)
  • 1984–1987 2.6 L Mitsubishi G54B I4, 104 hp (78 kW), 142 lb·ft (193 N·m)
  • 1987½–1990 2.5 L K I4, 100 hp (75 kW), 135 lb·ft (183 N·m)
  • 1987½–1988 3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6, 136 hp (101 kW), 168 lb·ft (228 N·m)
  • 1989–1990 2.5 L Turbo I4, 150 hp (110 kW), 180 lb·ft (240 N·m)
  • 1989–1990 3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6, 142 hp (106 kW), 173 lb·ft (235 N·m)
  • 1990 3.3 L EGA V6, 150 hp (110 kW), 180 lb·ft (240 N·m)

Generation II (1991–1995)[edit]

Generation II
2nd-Dodge-Caravan.jpg
Overview
Also called Dodge Grand Caravan (LWB Model)
Dodge Caravan (SWB Model)
Production August 14, 1990 – August 1995[5]
Model years 1991–1995
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door minivan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler AS platform
Related Chrysler Town & Country
Plymouth Voyager
Chrysler Voyager (Europe only)
Powertrain
Engine 2.5 L K I4
3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6
3.3 L EGA V6
3.8 L EGH V6
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed A670
3-speed A413 automatic
4-speed A604 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1991–1993 C/V: 112 in (2,845 mm)
SWB & 1994–1995 C/V: 112.3 in (2,852 mm)
1991–1993 C/V Extended: 119.1 in (3,025 mm)
C/V AWD: 112 in (2,845 mm)
Grand Caravan & 1994–1995 C/V Extended: 119.3 in (3,030 mm)
Length 1991–1993 C/V: 175.9 in (4,468 mm)
1991–1993 SWB & 1994–95 C/V: 178.1 in (4,524 mm)
1991–1993 C/V Extended: 190.6 in (4,841 mm)
Grand Caravan: 192.8 in (4,897 mm)
Width 72 in (1,828.8 mm)
1991 C/V: 72.2 in (1,834 mm)
1992–1993 C/V: 69.6 in (1,768 mm)
Height SWB & 1991–93 C/V: 64.2 in (1,631 mm)
Grand Caravan: 64.8 in (1,646 mm)
1991–93 AWD: 65.9 in (1,674 mm)
Grand Caravan: 66 in (1,676.4 mm)
Grand Caravan: 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
1994–95 SE: 64.3 in (1,633 mm)
Curb weight 3,305 lb (1,499 kg)
3,531 lb (1,602 kg) (Grand Caravan)
1994–1995 Dodge Grand Caravan ES AWD

From 1990 through 1994, the Caravan used the Chrysler AS platform; they were the last minivans derived from the Chrysler K platform. The increasing popularity of the short wheelbase Caravan had a dramatic effect on the captive import from Mitsubishi, called the Dodge Colt Vista, and was no longer imported to North America starting in 1991.

This generation of vans brought additional innovations, such as:

  • "Quad Command" bucket seating (1990)
  • Integrated child safety seats (1991), improved design with recliners (1993)
  • Available anti-lock brakes (1990)
  • First driver's side airbag in a minivan (1991) and first dual front airbags (1994)
  • First minivan to meet 1998 U.S. federal safety standards (1993)
  • All-wheel drive was introduced for the minivan. (1990)

Changes for this generation included revised trim for 1992, including roof-racks and doorhandles, among other components (prior to this, said components were largely like those found on the previous generation). 1993 marked the final year for optional woodgrain and wire wheels on higher level models. 1994 saw a redesigned interior, with slightly different seat contours/fabrics, along with a new dash, in order to accommodate a passenger-side air bag. 1994 also saw exterior trim changes, such as a body colored grill and moldings on certain models, as well as the addition of a one year only "10th Anniversary Edition" model. Available as an option on a mid-level Caravan and Grand Caravan (also offered on Voyager models as well), the popular "10th Anniversary" package featured 2-tone paint schemes, which included a contrasting light gray colored lower break, along with a gold fender badge. Only select colors were available on this model.

Engines[edit]

  • 1991–1995 2.5 L K I4, 100 hp (75 kW), 135 lb·ft (183 N·m)
  • 1991–1995 3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6, 142 hp (106 kW), 173 lb·ft (235 N·m)
  • 1991–1993 3.3 L EGA V6, 150 hp (110 kW), 180 lb·ft (240 N·m)
  • 1994–1995 3.3 L EGA V6, 162 hp (121 kW), 194 lb·ft (263 N·m)
  • 1994–1995 3.8 L EGH V6, 162 hp (121 kW), 213 lb·ft (289 N·m)

Generation III (1996–2000)[edit]

Generation III
Dodge Grand Caravan Sport -- 11-24-2009.jpg
Overview
Also called Dodge Grand Caravan (LWB Model)
Dodge Caravan (SWB Model)
Sanxing Voyager (China Captive Import)
Production January 30, 1995–2000
Model years 1996—2000
Designer Don Renkert (1991)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door and 4-door minivan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler NS platform
Related Chrysler Town & Country
Plymouth Voyager
Chrysler Voyager
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 5-speed manual (Philippines diesel)
3-speed 31TH automatic
3-speed A670 automatic
4-speed 41TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 113.3 in (2,878 mm)
Grand Caravan: 119.3 in (3,030 mm)
Length SWB: 186.3 in (4,732 mm)
Grand Caravan FWD: 199.6 in (5,070 mm)
Grand Caravan AWD: 199.7 in (5,072 mm)
Width 76.8 in (1,951 mm)
Height 68.5 in (1,740 mm)
FWD: 68.7 in (1,745 mm)
Curb weight 3,528 lb (1,600 kg)
3,680 lb (1,669 kg) (Grand Caravan)
Short-wheelbase Dodge Caravan

With Generation III, the Chrysler minivans were available in long- and short– wheelbase models; three- and four-door configurations; and eight different powertrains, including electric and compressed natural gas; on a single, flexible platform.

In development for nearly 5 years from early 1990 (full development from 1991) to December 26, 1994 (final design by Don Renkert was approved on September 23, 1991 and frozen in May 1992),[6] the 1996 model was introduced on January 4, 1995 at the 1995 North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) using the Chrysler NS platform.[7] It included a number of innovations, including a driver's side sliding door (optional initially, to become standard equipment later), a first for Chrysler and a non-compact minivan for the United States & Canada (the Honda Odyssey had introduced the first four-door non-compact minivan for the United States & Canada in 1994, although the first-generation Odyssey had conventional hinged rear doors). With Generation III, Chrysler introduced a seat management system marketed as Easy Out Roller Seats. A conventional door handle and lock was added to the rear hatch, eliminating the confusing pop-and-lift maneuver which had been required on earlier models.

Base models of the Caravan were offered in most states with either a 2.4 L four-cylinder or the 3.0 L Mitsubishi V6, except in several northeastern states, where the Mitsubishi V6 didn't meet emissions standards. In those locales, the 3.3 L engine was offered as the V6 option from 1997 through 2000. The manual transmission, never popular, was dropped; only some early 1996 models and European Chrysler Voyager were the only ones equipped with manuals. The 2.4 L four-cylinder engine produced more power than the Mitsubishi 3.0 had in the first two generations.

The 1996 Caravan, along with the Plymouth Voyager and the Chrysler Town & Country won the North American Car of the Year award. The Caravan itself won Motor Trend magazine's Car of the Year 1996 and appeared on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1996 and 1997. 1999 also saw the addition of a one year only 15th anniversary "Platinum Edition", to mark Caravan's 15th year of production. This package was offered on various trim levels, and included Platinum Metallic paint, and fender badges. The 2000 model year offered packages which included the "2000+" and "Millennium" package, however these were little more than unique fender badges on vans with popular equipment.[citation needed]

In 1998, the 1999 Dodge Grand Caravan got new front styling on all trims above SE, and Sport and ES models received even sportier styling. The ES model was the first minivan to receive the "AutoStick" transmission and 17 inch wheels. A cargo net between the driver and front passenger seats was added. Some other changes during this generation included new colors, and interior fabric.[citation needed] Color keyed door and lift-gate handles were standard across the whole range, in addition to a new keyless entry remote. Base and SE models had options for a spoiler as well as color keyed bumpers and trim (grey or color molded bumpers and trim were standard). The driver's side sliding door became standard. Chrysler had updates of the Plymouth Voyager in 1996 for the 1997 model year and the Chrysler Town & Country in 1997 for the 1998 model year, prior to the 1998–2007 DaimlerChrysler era; it was the only exterior update of the NS Dodge Caravan.

Engines[edit]

  • 1996–2000 2.4 L EDZ I4, 150 hp (110 kW), 167 lb·ft (226 N·m) (Canadian vans beginning in 1999 included a 3.0 L V6 as standard equipment)
  • 1996–2000 3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6 150 hp (110 kW), 176 lb·ft (239 N·m) (not available in certain U.S. states, 3.3 L V6 offered as standard equipment in those states instead)
  • 1996–2000 3.3 L EGA V6, 158 hp (118 kW), 203 lb·ft (275 N·m)
  • 1996–1997 3.8 L EGH V6, 166 hp (124 kW), 227 lb·ft (308 N·m)
  • 1998–2000 3.8 L EGH V6, 180 hp (130 kW), 240 lb·ft (330 N·m)

Concepts[edit]

Other plans for this model year included three minivan concepts all to be made in the Windsor Assembly, the Dodge Caravan R/T, Voyager XG, and the Chrysler Pacifica. The Caravan R/T (originally ESS) was to include the most powerful engine ever for a minivan, rated at 325 horsepower (242 kW). It had two Dodge Viper hoodscoops, a brushed aluminum instrument panel, racing-style pedals, and black and white rubber flooring.[citation needed] The Voyager XG was more rugged, and included many outdoor amenities, such as a built-in ice pack.[citation needed] The Chrysler Pacifica, based on the Town & Country, was more luxurious, had power leather seats and footrests, overhead bins and lighting, an LHS grille, and roof-long skylights. The skylight feature was used by Nissan in the Quest. The Pacifica actually did come to be in 2004, based on the fifth generation Caravan, except that it became a crossover SUV rather than a minivan.

Dodge Caravan EPIC[edit]

Main article: Dodge EPIC

In 1999, Dodge introduced the Caravan EPIC, a fully electric minivan. The EPIC was powered by 28 12-volt NiMH batteries and was capable of traveling up to 80 miles (130 km) on a single charge. The EPIC was sold as a fleet-only lease vehicle. Production of the EPIC was discontinued in 2001. Only a few hundred of these vehicles were produced and sold. After the leases expired they were returned and crushed. Approximately 10 vans remain in private hands today.

Crash test results[edit]

The 1996–2000 Dodge Grand Caravan received a "Marginal" rating in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's 40 mph offset test. The structural performance and restraints were graded "Acceptable", but the foot injuries were very high.

In the NHTSA crash tests, it received 4 stars for the driver and front passenger in the frontal-impact. In the side-impact test, it received 5 stars for the driver, and 3 stars for the rear occupant, and resulted in a fuel leak that could cause a fire hazard.

Generation IV (2001–2007)[edit]

Generation IV
2007 Dodge Caravan SXT.jpg
Overview
Also called Dodge Grand Caravan (LWB Model)
Dodge Caravan (SWB Model)
Production July 24, 2000 – July 2007 (America), 2009–present (in China)
Model years 2001–2007
Designer Brandon Faurote (1997)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door minivan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler RS platform
Related Chrysler Town & Country
Chrysler Pacifica
Chrysler Voyager
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L EDZ I4
2.8 L CRD diesel (Philippines)
3.0L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6 (China)
3.3 L EGA V6
3.8 L EGH V6
Transmission 3-speed 31TH automatic with 2.4EDZ
4-speed 41TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 113.3 in (2,878 mm)
Grand Caravan: 119.3 in (3,030 mm)
Length 2001–2004 SWB: 189.1 in (4,803 mm)
2005–2007 SWB: 189.3 in (4,808 mm)
Grand Caravan: 200.5 in (5,093 mm)/200.6 in (5,095 mm)
Width 78.6 in (1,996 mm)
Height 68.9 in (1,750 mm)

Unveiled at the 2000 North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) on Monday, January 10, 2000,[8] the redesigned 2001 Dodge Caravan and 2001 Chrysler Town&Country were released for sale in August 2000. The release was part of a promotional tie-in with Nabisco, which unveiled their new "Mini Oreos" inside the van during the unveiling.[9] The first vans rolled off the line at the Windsor Assembly Plant on July 24. The Caravan comes in trim levels: SE, Sport, SXT, AWD Sports, "base" model, AWD Choice, eL, C/V, ES, EX, AWD Wagon, and SXT All-Wheel-Drive.[10]

In development from February 1996 to December 1999, the Generation IV minivans were based on the Chrysler RS platform and featured a larger body frame with modified headlights and taillights. In addition to other detailed changes, power sliding doors and a power hatch became available as options. The Mitsubishi 3.0 L V6, which no longer met emissions standards in California and the northeastern U.S., was discontinued, and a more powerful 3.8L engine, based on the 3.3L, became available. All Wheel Drive continued to be offered on high end models. Other innovative available features included remote operated sliding doors and rear hatch, which could be opened and closed as the push of a button, either inside the vehicle, or with the keyless entry fob. Design work was done by Brandon Faurote from January 1997 and reached production approval in 1998.

In the 2002 model year, DaimlerChrysler stopped using the "DODGE" badges on the front doors, like with all Dodge vehicles.

In 2003, the Caravan C/V and Grand Caravan C/V returned after having been discontinued in 1995. The C/V featured the option of deleted side windows (replaced by composite panels), optional rear seats, a cargo floor made of plastic material similar to pickup truck bedliners, rubber flooring in lieu of carpeting and normal hatch at the rear. Minor changes were made to the Grand Caravan ES including many of the features included in Option Group 29S becoming standard, the 17 inch Titan Chrome wheels no longer being an option replaced with standard 16 inch chrome wheels, and the disappearance of the AutoStick Transmission option. This year also saw the appearance of an optional factory-installed rear seat DVD system with single disc player mounted below the HVAC controls.

2004 offered an exclusive one year only "Anniversary Edition" package to mark Caravan's 20th year in production. This package was offered on higher level SXT models, and included chrome wheels, body color moldings, special interior accents and a unique fender badge.

2005 changes to the Caravan included a revised grille, new foglight fascia, and a system of in-floor folding second and third row seats, marketed as Stow 'n Go seating.

2009 Production of the IV generation continues in China.[11]

Engines[edit]

  • 2001–2007 2.4 L EDZ I4, 150 hp (110 kW) at 5400 rpm and 165 lb·ft (224 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • 2001–2007 3.3 L EGA V6, 180 hp (130 kW) at 5000 rpm and 210 lb·ft (280 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • 2001–2007 3.8 L EGH V6, 215 hp (160 kW) at 5000 rpm and 245 lb·ft (332 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • 2009–present 3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6, 150 hp (110 kW) 176 lb·ft (239 N·m) (China)

In Canada, the 3.3 L V6 was standard on all models.

IIHS results[edit]

The 2001 model of this version earned a "Poor" rating in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety 's 40 mph offset test. It did protect its occupants reasonably well, and the dummy movement was well controlled, however, a fuel leak occurred. Chrysler corrected this problem starting with the 2002 models, moving it up to an "Acceptable" rating.

The 2006 model year brought optional side curtain airbags and a stronger B-pillar, which was tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's side impact crash test. With the side airbags, it got an "Acceptable" rating. For the driver, there is a chance of serious neck injuries, rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries. The rear passengers, however, could leave this accident unharmed, as there is a low risk of significant injury in a crash of this severity for them.

Generation V (2008–2015)[edit]

Generation V (Dodge Grand Caravan)
Dodge Grand Caravan SE -- 12-26-2009.jpg
Overview
Also called Ram C/V Tradesman
Production August 16, 2007–2015
Model years 2008—2015
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door minivan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler RT platform
Related Chrysler Town & Country
Chrysler Grand Voyager
Volkswagen Routan
Ram Cargo Van
Powertrain
Engine 2.8 L 176 hp (131 kW) CRD I4 diesel (Philippines)
3.3 L 175 hp (130 kW) V6
3.8 L 197 hp (147 kW) V6
4.0 L 251 hp (187 kW) V6
3.6 L 283 hp (211 kW) V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic(3.3 engine)
62TE 6-speed automatic (3.6, 3.8, 4.0 engines)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 121.2 in (3,078 mm)
Length 202.5 in (5,144 mm)
Ram Cargo Van: 202.8 in (5,151 mm)
Width 76.9 in (1,953 mm)
Ram Cargo Van: 78.7 in (1,999 mm)
Height 68.9 in (1,750 mm)
Ram Cargo Van: 69.0 in (1,753 mm)
Curb weight 4,306 lb (1,953 kg)

Initial release[edit]

Beginning with Generation V in model year 2008, Chrysler only made the long wheelbase Grand Caravan. This van debuted at the 2007 North American International Auto Show and had exterior styling by Ralph Gilles.

A new six-speed automatic transmission became standard with the 3.8 L V6 and the new 4.0 L V6. The four-speed automatic transmission is standard with the 3.3 L Flex-Fuel V6.

Chrysler introduced a seat management system marketed as Swivel'n Go seating, the MyGIG entertainment system (a stereo with built in hard drive for recording, storing, and playing music), second and third row video screens, powered second row windows, standard side curtain airbags, and dashboard-mounted transmission controls. The gear shift lever moved to the instrument panel, the location used by competitors.

With discontinuation of the short-wheelbase Caravan, Dodge offered the Journey on nearly an identical wheelbase and as a crossover rather than a minivan. Although the SWB model, which had accounted for half of all sales in Canada,[12] cost approximately $2,000 less and offered a four-cylinder engine option with improved fuel economy, Chrysler executives stated the SWB Caravan was discontinued to accommodate new features offered in the Grand Caravan, consistent with the demands of the majority of the minivan market.[13]

The market shifted briefly away from minivans and SUVs with the gasoline price spikes of the earlier part of 2008. This trend began to reverse itself towards the fall of 2008.[13] In 2009 and 2010 the Dodge Grand Caravan continued to be the top selling minivan in Canada, with over 60% of the market's monthly sales. Fiat has stated that the Dodge Grand Caravan, assembled in Windsor, Ont., will remain in the company’s product line until at least 2014.[14]

A noticeable cosmetic update in the 2009 model year saw a "DODGE" badge added to the left side of trunklid (in the spot where "GRAND CARAVAN" was previously), while "GRAND CARAVAN" had been moved to the right. The previously unavailable Electronic Stability Control was made standard on this generation.[15]

Engines[edit]

Model Displacement Type Valves Power
(HP)
Torque
(lb-ft)
hp
@ rpm
Torque
@ rpm
Compression
Ratio
Transmission Fuel economy
(MPG)
Years
3.3 L V6 3,301 cc (201.4 cu in) OHV 12 175 205 5,000 4,000 9.3:1 4-speed 41TE automatic 17/24 2008–2010
Pentastar 3.6 L[16] V6 3,600 cc (220 cu in) DOHC 24 283 260 6,400 4,400 10.0:1 6-speed 62TE automatic 17/25 2011–
3.8 L V6 3,778 cc (230.5 cu in) OHV 12 197 230 5,200 4,000 9.6:1 16/23 2008–2010
4.0 L V6 3,952 cc (241.2 cu in) SOHC 24 251 259 6,000 4,100 10.2:1 17/25 2008–2010

Both the 3.8 L and 4.0 L engines were paired with Chrysler's 62TE 6-speed automatic transmission with variable line pressure (VLP) technology (See Ultradrive#62TE).

In Canada (2008–2010) the 3.3 L was the standard engine across the range, combined with the 4-speed 41TE automatic transmission. The 4.0 L engine and six-speed combination was available as an option on only the top of the range SXT models. In 2011 the six-speed transmission was specified as standard on the Town & Country.

Safety[edit]

In the U.S. the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) New Car Assessment Program crash testing, the 2010 Dodge Grand Caravan achieved a five star (top safety) rating in several categories.[17]

Frontal Impact – Driver and Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Impact Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Impact Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 4/5 stars
IIHS:[18]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Poor
Side impact Good
Roof strength (2012–present models) Good

2011 model year update[edit]

Post-facelift 2011 Dodge Grand Caravan

The Grand Caravan was facelifted starting the 2011 model year, which included major changes in both styling and functionality. The suspension was heavily re-tuned, with both Dodge and Chrysler minivans gaining a larger front sway bar and new rear sway bar, increased rear roll center height, adjusted spring rates, a new steering gear, a revised front static camber setting, and lowered ride height. This dramatically improves handling in the both the Chrysler and Dodge.

All three of the former engine choices were replaced by the new Pentastar 3.6-liter V6 with six-speed automatic transmission, now the sole powertrain choice for all models. Interior trim was restyled on both vans, in addition to major exterior revisions highlighted by the new "double-crosshair" grille on the Grand Caravan and a new chrome grille for the Town & Country.

Other changes included extra sound insulation, acoustic glass, new seats, softer-touch surfaces, new LED ambient lighting and center console, and halogen projector headlamps with LED accents. The Chrysler models were adjusted so that instead of competing against equivalent Dodge trim levels, they were above Dodge in trim and features.[19]

For 2012, a new, basic style trim called "AVP" is introduced, while some features previously unavailable for "SE" (like touch navigation panel) become available as options (The "SE" now also receives a floor console, similar to the one available for "SXT"). Finally, just like on all other 2012 Dodge models, the front logo design now bears the two slanted rectangles in red.

For 2013, the "AVP" trim starting MSRP reduced by $1,000 from last year.

2014 model year update[edit]

2014 Dodge Grand Caravan 30th Anniversary Edition on display at the Montreal Auto Show, 22 January 2014

For the 2014 model year, three new packages are introduced: American Value Package (US; Canada Value Package in Canada), Blacktop package (US only) and the 30th Anniversary Edition. They are all different sets of the SE and SXT trims, and include new luxury features for basically the same price.

New for the 2014 Grand Caravan AVP are easy-clean floor mats that now come with the optional second-row Stow'n Go seats (standard on SE, SXT and R/T).

Blacktop package are based on SE and SXT, with 17-inch polished aluminum wheels with gloss black pockets, a gloss black grille, black headlamp bezels, an all-black interior including headliner, door panels and console, unique black cloth seats and door trim panels with silver accent stitching, a leather-wrapped steering wheel with silver accent stitching and a leather shift knob, choice of 6 body colours (Granite Crystal, Billet Silver, Brilliant Black, Maximum Steel, Redline Red, Bright White). SXT models also include fog lamps.

SE 30th Anniversary Edition is based on SE, with unique 17-inch satin carbon aluminum wheels, body-color heated exterior mirrors, 30th Anniversary badging on the front fenders, optional Crystal Granite Pearl Coat body colour, silver accent stitching and piano black accents throughout, black cloth seats, a black leather-wrapped steering wheel, black leather-wrapped shift knob, black headliner and overhead console, bright heating and air conditioning trim bezels, power second- and third-row windows, a 30th Anniversary logo in the gauge cluster and 30th Anniversary logo on the key fob and the Uconnect Handsfree Group (SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a one-year subscription, Bluetooth streaming audio and voice command and an auto-dimming rear view mirror).

SXT 30th Anniversary Edition is based on SXT, with unique 17-inch polished aluminum wheels with satin carbon pockets, bright chrome roof rack, bright window trim moldings, fog lamps, automatic headlamps and special 30th Anniversary badging, a customized gauge cluster with 30th Anniversary badging, Black Torino leatherette seats with premium suede inserts and silver accent stitching, power 10-way driver’s seat, piano black accent trim bezels, bright chrome accents, Uconnect Handsfree Group (SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a one-year subscription, Bluetooth streaming audio and voice command and an auto-dimming rear view mirror).

Both 30th Anniversary Edition include unique Granite Crystal Pearl Coat body colour and are also available in Billet Silver Metallic Clear Coat, Brilliant Black Crystal Pearl Coat, Maximum Steel Metallic Clear Coat, Bright White Clear Coat, Deep Cherry Red Pearl Coat, Redline Red 2-Coat Pearl, Sandstone Pearl Coat or True Blue Pearl Coat.

New for the 2014 Grand Caravan R/T are standard auto headlamps with black bezels and the Security Group featuring remote start and security alarm.

The vehicles arrived at dealerships at Q3 2013.[20][21][22]

The 2014 Dodge Grand Caravan is built in Windsor Assembly Plant in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

Future[edit]

Chrysler has confirmed the production of 2015 Dodge Grand Caravan will end in early 2015. A redesigned sixth generation Chrysler Town & County is currently in the works for the replacement of the Grand Caravan. The New Town & Country is expected to be a 2016 or 2017 Model Year.

Sales[edit]

Calendar Year United States Canada Total
2008[23] 123,749 39,396[24] 163,145
2009[25] 90,666 40,283[26] 130,949
2010[27] 103,323 55,306[26] 158,629
2011[28] 110,862 53,406[29] 164,268
2012[30] 141,468 51,552[31] 193,020
2013[32] 124,019 46,732[33] 170,751

Automotive news reported that, from January to October in 2010, Dodge sold about a third of its 2010 Grand Caravans to rental fleets. The number of returned ex-rental 2010 Grand Caravan to the market jumped four folds between July to October, depressing prices of used 2009 and 2010 Dodge minivan by as much as 20%.[34]

Europe[edit]

Originally from 2007 to June 1, 2011, the car was known in Europe as the Chrysler G. Voyager, but since June 1, 2011, it has been known in the UK and Ireland as a Chrysler G. Voyager and in the rest of Europe as a Lancia Voyager. For the European market, the Lancia/Chrysler Voyager will be available in three trim levels (Silver, Gold and Platinum) and two choices of engine: a 283 PS (208 kW; 279 hp) 3.6-liter V6 petrol unit and a 2.8-liter CRD diesel with particulate filter as standard delivering 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) and 360 N·m (270 lb·ft).[35]

For more information on the European specification Voyager, see Chrysler Voyager.

Ram Cargo Van (Ram C/V Tradesman)[edit]

2012 Ram Cargo Van

The Ram Cargo Tradesman, or Ram C/V Tradesman, debuted for the 2012 model year, replacing the Dodge Grand Caravan C/V. It is based on the Dodge Grand Caravan, but with solid metal instead of rear windows and a flat load space with 144.4 cubic feet (4,090 L) of interior storage, and a 1,800 lb (820 kg). cargo payload plus a towing capability of up to 3,600 lb (1,600 kg). The Ram C/V is offered with a 3.6-liter Pentastar V-6 engine and 6-speed automatic transmission.[36]

Volkswagen Routan[edit]

Beginning with Generation V, Volkswagen began marketing the Routan, a rebadged variant of the Chrysler RT platform minivan with revised styling and content, for the North American market.

The Routan, made at Windsor Assembly alongside the Grand Caravan, debuted in 2008 at the Chicago Auto Show. Sales began in autumn of 2008, and features neither Chrysler's Stow'n Go nor Swivel'n Go seating systems. Total sales as of September 2010 were reported as being under 10,000 units, far lower than the target of 5% of the minivan market.[19] As a result, in 2012, the Routan was discontinued in Mexico and the US. In Canada, however, the last 2012 models were sold as both 2013 and, later, refurbished 2014 models.[citation needed] The last Routan shipment occurred in Quebec as recently as in April 2014.[citation needed]

Trims[edit]

Current[edit]

  • VP – 2012–present (U.S. AVP) 2008–present (Canada CVP)
  • SE – 1984–2010, 2012–present
  • SE 30th Anniversary Edition – 2013–present
  • SXT – 2003–2010, 2012–present
  • SXT 30th Anniversary Edition – 2013–present
  • Crew – 2008–2013 (Canadian version 2011–present)
  • R/T – 2011–present
  • Blacktop – 2013–present

Former[edit]

  • Base – 1984–2007
  • C/V – 1989–2010
  • eL – 2001–2003
  • ES – 1986 (concept), 1988–2003
  • EX – 2002–2004
  • LE – 1984–2000
  • Sport – 1994–2003 (1996–2000 as a package on SE and LE models)
  • Mainstreet – 2011
  • SE 20th Anniversary Edition – 2004 (Canada)
  • SE 25th Anniversary Edition – 2008 (Canada)
  • SXT 20th Anniversary Edition – 2004 (U.S.)
  • SXT 25th Anniversary edition – 2008 (U.S.)

Seating features[edit]

The Dodge Caravan has incorporated various seating systems for their minivans to enhance interior flexibility.

Integrated child safety seats[edit]

In 1991, Dodge introduced a second row bench seat integrating two child booster seats on 1992 models. These seats continued as an available option through Generation V until they were discontinued in 2010.

Easy-Out Roller Seats[edit]

In 1995, Dodge introduced a system of seats to simplify installation, removal, and re-positioning, marketed as Easy-Out Roller Seats. When installed, the seats are latched to floor-mounted strikers. When unlatched, eight rollers lift each seat, allowing it to be rolled fore and aft. Tracks have locator depressions for rollers, thus enabling simple installation. Ergonomic levers at the seat backs release the floor latches single-handedly without tools and raise the seats onto the rollers in a single motion. Additionally, seat backs were designed to fold forward. Seat roller tracks are permanently attached to the floor and seat stanchions are aligned, facilitating the longitudinal rolling of the seats. Bench seat stanchions were moved inboard to reduce bending stress in the seat frames, allowing them to be lighter.

When configured as two and three person benches (available through Generation IV), the Easy Out Roller Seats could be unwieldy. Beginning in 2000, second and third row seats became available in a 'quad' configuration – bucket or captain chairs in the second row and a third row three-person 50/50 split "bench" — with each section weighing under 50 lb (23 kg). The Easy-out system remained in use through Generation V – where certain models featured a two-person bench and the under-floor compartments from the Stow'n Go system.

The Volkswagen Routan, a rebadged nameplate variant of the Chrysler minivans, uses the Easy Out Roller Seats on its second row seating.

Stow ’N Go seating[edit]

In 2004, Dodge introduced a system of second- and third-row seating that folded completely into under-floor compartments. It was marketed as Stow ’N Go and was available exclusively on long-wheelbase models.

In a development program costing $400 million,[37] engineers initially used an Erector Set to visualize the complex interaction of the design[38] and redesigned under-floor components. The system included the spare tire well, fuel tank, exhaust system, parking brake cables, rear climate control lines, and rear suspension[38] but precluded all-wheel drive (AWD).

The system, in turn, creates a combined volume of 12 cubic feet (340 L) of under-floor storage when second-row seats are deployed. With both rows folded, the vans have a flat-load floor and a maximum cargo volume of 160.7 cubic feet (4,550 L).[37][39]

The Stow 'n Go system received the Popular Science Magazine's "Best of What's New" for 2005 award,[40] and was never offered on the Volkswagen Routan, the rebadged nameplate variant of the Chrysler minivans.

For model year 2011 Chrysler revised the system, rebranding it as "Super Stow 'n Go". New pivoting head restraints with taller seatbacks and a revised folding mechanism (marketed as "single action") improved stowage ease — with the head restraints folding on themselves automatically and the entire seat automatically folding down to a position just over its floor recess.

Swivel 'n Go seating[edit]

Dodge introduced a seating system in 2007, marketed as Swivel'n Go. In the seating system, two full size second row seats swivel to face the third row. A detachable table can be placed between the second and third row seats. The Swivel'n Go seating system includes the 3rd row seating from the Stow'n Go system. The system is offered on the Dodge Grand Caravan and Chrysler Town & Country, but not the Volkswagen Routan, a rebadged nameplate variant of the Chrysler minivans.

These Swivel 'n Go Seats are manufacted by Intier Corp. a division of Magna. The tracks, risers and swivel mechanisms are assembled by Camslide, a division of Intier. The swivel mechanism was designed by and is produced by Toyo Seat USA Corp.

The system is noted for its high strength.[citation needed] The entire load of the seat in the event of a crash is transferred through the swivel mechanism, which is almost twice as strong as the minimum government requirement.[citation needed]

The swivel mechanism includes bumpers that stabilize the seat while in the lock position. When rotated the seat comes off these bumpers to allow easy rotation.

The seat is not meant to be left in an unlocked position or swiveled with the occupant in it, although this will not damage the swivel mechanism.

"Swivel 'n Go" was dropped after the 2010 model year and is no longer an option on 2011 and later Chrysler and Dodge vans. However, the seats can still be installed by modifying the van with a few basic tools and parts[citation needed]. However, it is impossible to install the table.

Production[edit]

The long-wheelbase Dodge Grand Caravan with Stow 'n Go seats are built in Windsor, Ontario, Canada at Windsor Assembly (WAP Plant 3) by members of Canadian Auto Workers Local 444. Both wheelbase models were produced in Fenton, Missouri at Saint Louis Assembly by members of the United Auto Workers Local 110 until the end of October 2010.[41]

Notes[edit]

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  2. ^ a b "A Brief History of the Chrysler Minivan". Allpar. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Matra/Renault Espace". Matrasport.dk. Retrieved October 10, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Chrysler icon celebrates 25 years" (Press release). 1853chairman.com, Chrysler Press Release. 
  5. ^ Eisenstein, Paul A. (July 29, 1990). "Car Changeovers Show Japan Lead". Chicago Tribune. 
  6. ^ Riding the Roller Coaster: A History of the Chrysler Corporation – Google Books. Books.google.com. 1991-09-23. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  7. ^ "Civil Action File No. 0110133833" (PDF). Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ "DaimlerChrysler Debuts minivans". Retrieved 2012-05-09. 
  9. ^ "Article: New Mini Oreos Debut in New Mini Van". AccessMyLibrary. August 10, 2000. Retrieved September 26, 2009. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Article: The First, All-New 2001 Chrysler Town and Country and 2001 Dodge Caravan...". AccessMyLibrary. July 19, 2000. Retrieved September 26, 2009. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Home page". Chrysler China. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  12. ^ McIntosh, Jil (February 25, 2008). "Test Drive: 2008 Dodge Grand Caravan Canada "Value Package"". Autos Canada. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Durbin, Dee-Ann (June 6, 2008). "Minivan sales slow, hit by gas prices and image". USAtoday. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Chrysler reveals future product plans", Leader-Post, Canwest Publishing, November 4, 2009, retrieved on November 5, 2009.[dead link]
  15. ^ "Iihs-Hldi". Iihs.org. Retrieved April 3, 2010. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Chrysler Pentastars Engines – Specifications". Allpar. Retrieved October 28, 2010. 
  17. ^ "2010 Chrysler minivan US NCAP safety ratings". NHTSA www.Safercar.gov. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 
  18. ^ http://www.iihs.org/iihs/ratings/vehicle/v/dodge/grand-caravan
  19. ^ a b "2011 Chrysler Town & Country and 2011 Dodge Caravan Minivans". Allpar. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  20. ^ "2014 Dodge Grand Caravan Celebrates Its 30th Birthday With Even More Desirable Content and Value" (Press release). Chrysler LLC. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Dodge Grand Caravan and Chrysler Town & Country receive 30th Anniversary Editions". Worldcarfans.com. September 3, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  22. ^ Sessions, Ron (September 1, 2013). "Chrysler Group Celebrates 30 Years of Minivans with 30th Anniversary Edition Grand Caravan and Town & Country". Blog.caranddriver.com. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  23. ^ "December 2008 Sales: Chrysler LLC". CheersandGears.com. January 5, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2009. 
  24. ^ "Chrysler Canada Announces 2008 Calendar Year Sales Results" (Press release). Chrysler Canada. January 5, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC December 2009 Sales". CheersandGears.com. January 5, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "Chrysler Canada Celebrates 26 Per Cent Sales Growth in 2010" (Press release). Chrysler Canada. January 4, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC December 2010 Sales". CheersandGears.com. January 4, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Chrysler sales shoot up 37% (26% for 2011)". allpar.com. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Dodge Grand Caravan Sales Figures". goodcarbadcar.net. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC Reports December 2012 U.S. Sales Increased 10 Percent" (Press release). Chrysler Group LLC. 2013-01-03. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Chrysler Canada Finishes Year With Best Retail Sales Year Since 2000" (Press release). Chrysler Canada. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC Reports December 2013 U.S. Sales Increased 6 Percent" (Press release). Chrysler Group LLC. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  33. ^ "Dodge Grand Caravan Sales Figures". goodcarbadcar.net. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  34. ^ "High fleet sales rates take toll". Automotive News. November 15, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  35. ^ "New Lancia Grand Voyager Minivan is a Rebadged Chrysler, and Yes, this Picture Too Appears to be a Chop". Carscoop. February 14, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  36. ^ "New Ram Cargo Van is a 2012 Dodge Caravan for the Pro". Carscoop. March 8, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  37. ^ a b "Chrysler extends leadership in Mideast minivan segment with 'Stow 'n Go'". Ameinfo.com. February 12, 2005. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  38. ^ a b "Chrysler Group Brings Minivan Segment's Only Stow 'n Go Seating And Storage System to Market in Just 18 Months" (Press release). PRnewswire – Chrysler Group. January 5. Retrieved May 11, 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  39. ^ "Stow ’N Go Seating and Storage System Solidifies Dodge Caravan as the Leader in Minivan Sales and Innovations" (Press release). Chrysler Group. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  40. ^ "Stow 'n Go Minivan Technology Awarded Popular Science Magazine's "Best of What's New" for 2005". Autointell.com. November 10, 2004. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  41. ^ "Chrysler factories, offices, and testing grounds, 1925–2010". Allpar. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 

External links[edit]