Dodge Morgan

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Dodge Morgan
Dodge Morgan.jpg
Dodge Morgan (photograph from the Portland Press Herald)
Born (1932-01-15)January 15, 1932
Malden, Massachusetts
Died September 14, 2010(2010-09-14) (aged 78)
Boston, Massachusetts
Nationality United States
Known for First American to sail solo around the globe with no stops

Dodge David Morgan (January 15, 1932 – September 14, 2010) was an American sailor, businessman, publisher and "self-proclaimed contrarian."[1] He flew fighter jets in the U.S. Air Force in the early 1950s, worked as a newspaper reporter in Alaska, and became a millionaire by operating a company that manufactured radar detectors from 1971 to 1983. He gained fame in 1986 as the first American to sail solo around the globe with no stops. He also set a world record for westward sailing when he completed his journey in 150 days, cutting the prior record of 292 days nearly in half. He spent his later years living on a 30-acre island that he purchased in 1998 in Maine's Quahog Harbor.

Early years[edit]

Morgan was born in Malden, Massachusetts, in 1932. His father, Russell B. Morgan, was a pharmacist who died when Morgan was two or three years old. His mother, Ruth Dodge Morgan [2] remarried, and Morgan recalled having "quite a happy life" with his new family.[1] He described himself as "a lousy student" who devoted most of his time to "sports and other such activities."[1] He also worked at his uncle's boatyard on Cape Cod as a teenager.[2]

F-86 Sabre fighter jet

On reaching adulthood, Morgan joined the United States Air Force and flew jet fighters. He joined the Air Force, he said, "so I wouldn't have to tell my mother I got kicked out of college."[1] While serving in the Air Force, he once crashed his F-86 Sabre fighter jet. Morgan later recalled that he was trying to land at Presque Isle Air Force Base when his engine flamed out and the plane crashed into the Maine woods. His canopy jammed, and rescuers had to extricate him with an ax. Asked about the threat of fire from the fuel tanks in the jet's wings, Morgan said, "No problem, the wings were about 300 yards behind me when the fuselage finally stopped."[3]

After being discharged from the Air Force, Morgan attended Boston University, where he received a degree in journalism.[4] He married Lael Warren (Morgan) while they were both at BU. They moved to Alaska and worked as a reporter for the Anchorage Daily News.

Morgan returned to Massachusetts and headed his own advertising and public relations firm. He saved enough money to buy a 36-foot wooden schooner named Coaster. They sailed the Coaster from Maine to Alaska with stops at the Virgin Islands, the Panama Canal and Hawaii.[1] Morgan recalled that, after buying the boat, "I never slept ashore for 2-1/2 years."[1] Coaster was sold in Alaska and Dodge returned [5]to Massachusetts, while Lael remained in Alaska. Eventually they divorced.

Controlonics[edit]

In 1971, Morgan formed a company called Controlonics in Westford, Massachusetts. The company made radar detectors under the brand name Whistler. He started the company with $25,000,[2] and built it "from three people in a garage to 300 people." [1][4] Interviewed in 2005, Morgan said that, after his children, the accomplishment that made him proudest was "the culture of openness that I felt responsible for at my company. It was even more important than our financial success. There was a culture that accepted and celebrated individual eccentricities."[1] Morgan sold Controlonics in December 1983 for a sum between $32 million and $35 million.[2][6]

Journey of American Promise[edit]

Morgan made a promise to himself in the early 1960s that he would one day sail around the world.[6] He sold Controlonics to "follo[w] a dream I had years before on the old schooner, to sail around the world on a boat which was designed for that."[1]

In 1985, at age 53, he launched his journey around the world on a 60-foot boat named American Promise. The boat was designed by 1974 America's Cup winner Ted Hood. Hood recalled that the boat was designed for sturdiness rather than speed: "Everyone said there's no way that boat is going to get around the world in record speed, but it did."[4]

Morgan commissioned The New Film Company, Inc. of Boston, Massachusetts, to produce a film about his journey. Producer Christopher G. Knight placed six film cameras on "American Promise," three above deck and three below. One in each set was programmed to come on twice a day during daylight hours and run for 30 seconds, thus enabling Morgan to film himself. He used the cameras as a film log and shot over 9 hours of film that was ultimately edited into the 57-minute film, 'AROUND ALONE.

Morgan departed from St. George's, Bermuda, on November 12, 1985, and returned there on April 11, 1986, completing the journey in 150 days, 1 hour, and 6 minutes.[6] As the American Promise sailed into St. George's Harbor, Morgan's project manager, Grant Robinson, noted that the boat looked spit-and-polished. He radioed, " "She doesn't look any the worse for wear at all. We see you've still got some paint on her." Morgan replied, "What do you mean 'some paint on her'? She's only been used once."[6]

As Morgan disembarked, his wife, Manny, and his two children handed him a cheeseburger and a bag of popcorn.[2] He told the crowd that had gathered to greet him: "It takes three things to sail around the world alone. A good boat, an iron will and luck. To do so in record time takes a great boat, an iron will and extraordinary luck. And, my friends, here is a great boat."[6]

Morgan joked that his most frightening moment came "when I pulled the next-to-last bottle of beer from the bilge."[6] But his journey brought real dangers, including a tropical storm in the South Pacific that battered the boat with 70-mile-per-hour winds for three days.[6]

Morgan was the fourth person and the first American to sail solo around the globe with no stops.[6][7] At the time, Sports Illustrated reported, "Only three men before Morgan -- none of them American -- had sailed around the world alone without stopping. No taking on additional food or water; no assistance accepted from another vessel; no using the motor for propulsion."[6] In making the journey in 150 days, Morgan shattered the prior record of 292 days set in 1971 by English sailor Chay Blyth.[6] (Note Blyth's voyage in British Steel was "Westabout" otherwise into wind.)

Morgan wrote about his voyage in a book titled "The Voyage of American Promise," published by Houghton Mifflin in 1989.[8] AROUND ALONE, the 57-minute film produced by The New Film Company, Inc. about his around-the-world journey was the first featured film in the PBS series, "Adventure."[2] It first aired in March 1987.

Morgan's voyage was also the focus of a series of psychological papers, including an entire issue of the Journal of Personality devoted to analyzing Morgan's life, his experience of the voyage, and the ways in which it may have affected his personality development.[9]

Publisher[edit]

In 1985, Morgan moved to Cape Elizabeth, Maine.[8] He purchased the alternative weekly newspaper the Maine Times in 1985 and also purchased the Casco Bay Weekly, an alternative newspaper in Portland, Maine, in 1990.[10] In 2002, the Casco Bay Weekly stopped publishing.[11] Morgan began by laying off much of the staff, noting at the time that the newspaper had been losing money for about a year.[12] When the paper was finally shut down, Morgan said, "I don't want to get in the Guinness Book of World Records for money buried in a small-market weekly newspaper."[13]

Family and later years[edit]

Morgan's first marriage ended in divorce. He married his second wife, Manny, in 1972, and they had two children, Kimberly and Hoyt.[6] Morgan's second marriage also ended in divorce.[2]

In 1998, Morgan purchased Snow Island in Harpswell, Maine. He commissioned Portland architect Winton Scott to design a home for him on the island.[8] In a feature story, the Boston Globe described Morgan's island as "30 acres of dense cedar forest and fragrant fern, spongy moss and scaly lichen, cattail bog and rockweed shore smack in the middle of Quahog Bay."[8] In 1999, the Maine chapter of the American Institute of Architects gave the compound a design award and called it "a triumph of programmatic virtue in a natural setting that demands nothing less."[8] For the next 12 years, Morgan lived on his 30-acre island sanctuary where he moored six sailboats. In 2005, he told a reporter, "I live alone here on Snow Island. In one sense, I am quite pleased with my solitary life. I engage with people I love and admire, one-on-one, with an intense joy."[1] Most recently, he lived on Snow Island with his fiancée, Mary Beth Teas.[2][11]

In September 2010, Morgan died at age 78 of complications from cancer at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.[4]

Selected works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Donna Gold (October 16, 2005). "Dodge Morgan keeps questing". Maine Today. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dennis Hevesi (September 17, 2010). "Dodge Morgan, Who Sailed Around World, Dies at 78". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ Avid Sharp. "Dodge Morgan: Round-the-globe sailor dies at 78". Tributes.com. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Dodge Morgan dies at 78; first American to sail solo around the globe with no stops". Los Angeles Times. September 18, 2010. 
  5. ^ Silver
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k E.M. Swift (April 21, 1986). "Feat Of Global Dimensions: Dodge Morgan sailed his 60-foot cutter, American Promise, around the world nonstop in a record-shattering 150 days". Sports Illustrated. 
  7. ^ Deirdre Fleming (April 10, 2005). "Salt of the Earth: In 1986, Dodge Morgan became the first American to sail solo, nonstop around the world; At home today on Snow Island, Morgan recalls the journey on the cusp of its 19th anniversary". The Portland Press Herald, Portland, ME. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Edgar Allen Beem (April 8, 2001). "Sweet Seclusion: DODGE MORGAN LOVES ADVENTURE AND ISOLATION; THIS COMPACT ISLAND COMPOUND PROVIDES BOTH". Boston Globe. 
  9. ^ Wm. Nasby & Nancy W. Read (1997). The life voyage of a solo circumnavigator: Integrating theoretical and methodological perspectives. Journal of Personality, 65, 785-1068.
  10. ^ "Round-the-globe sailor Dodge Morgan dies at 78". Boston Herald. September 18, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Ann S. Kim (September 17, 2010). "Noted sailor, businessman Morgan dies: The first American to sail solo, nonstop around the world also was a journalist and a publisher in Maine". The Portland Press Herald. 
  12. ^ "Losing money, owner fires staff at Casco Bay Weekly". The Portland Press Herald. March 7, 2002. 
  13. ^ "Portland, Maine, Alternative Weekly Newspaper Shuts Down". Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. November 22, 2002.