Mercedes-Benz Sprinter

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Mercedes-Benz Sprinter
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter.JPG
2007 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter
Overview
Manufacturer Daimler-Benz (1995–1998)
DaimlerChrysler (1998–2007)
Daimler AG (2008–present Mercedes-Benz & Freightliner)
Also called Freightliner Sprinter
Dodge Sprinter
Production 1995–present
Assembly Düsseldorf, Germany
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Ladson, South Carolina, United States
Tai'an, China (Xinkai Auto)[1]
Juiz de Fora, Brasil (MCV)
Tehran, Iran (Iran Khodro Diesel)[2]
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle, Full-size van (USA)
Body style 4-door minivan
2-door pickup truck
4-door crew cab
4-door minibus
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive
Related Volkswagen Crafter Volkswagen LT
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz TN (since 1995);
light versions of Mercedes-Benz Vario (since 2013)
Successor Ram Promaster (replaces Dodge Sprinter)

The Sprinter is a vehicle built by Daimler AG of Stuttgart, Germany as a van, chassis cab, minibus, and pickup truck. In the past the Sprinter has been sold under the Mercedes, Dodge, Freightliner,and Volkswagen nameplates. In the United States it is built from complete knock down (CKD) kits by Freightliner. They are now primarily marketed by Mercedes-Benz. Rebadged and re-engined Sprinters are also sold by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles as the Volkswagen LT and the Volkswagen Crafter.


First Generation[edit]

First generation (903) T1N
2003-2006 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter 316 CDI van (2011-10-25) 01.jpg
2000 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter
Overview
Also called Dodge Sprinter
Freightliner Sprinter
Mercedes-Benz Transporter T1N
Sprinter 314 (Iran)
Production 1995–2006
Powertrain
Engine Phase I 1995–2000:
2.3L I4 OM 601 79 hp Diesel
2.9L I5 OM 602 102 hp Turbodiesel
2.9L I5 OM 602 129 hp Turbodiesel
2.3L I4 M 111 143 hp DOHC 16v MPI
Phase II 2000–2006:
2.1L I4 OM 611 82 hp CDI
2.1L I4 OM 611 109 hp CDI
2.1L I4 OM 611 129 hp CDI
2.7L I5 OM 612/ OM 647 156 hp CDI
2.3L I4 M 111 143 hp DOHC 16V MPI
Transmission 5-speed manual
5-speed automatic
2003-2006 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter 316 CDI, Australia
Dodge Sprinter (US)
Freightliner Sprinter (US)

Europe[edit]

The first generation Sprinter was launched in Europe in 1995 to replace the famous but outdated Mercedes-Benz TN van dating from 1977. It was voted International Van of the Year for 1995.

The second generation Sprinter was introduced in Europe in 2006. It was voted Van of the Year 2007 and again in 2008 by Professional Van and Light Truck Magazine. 2012 Information and Fuel Consumption Figures.[3] This generation of the Sprinter is well known for having a problem with rust.

North America[edit]

The first generation (VA Chassis) North American Sprinter was launched in 2001 in the U.S. and was originally branded as a Freightliner. Units sold to the rest of North America were badged as Mercedes-Benz until 2003 when they received Dodge branding. Units in the United States and Canada, but not in Mexico, could be purchased as a Dodge or Freightliner from 2003. The product was launched and supported by DaimlerChrysler Vans LLC, a small division based in Huntersville, North Carolina. Key individuals from DaimlerChrysler Commercial Vehicle Division and Freightliner Trucks were selected to spearhead the effort and made up the bulk of the division. DaimlerChrysler Vans LLC retained sole responsibility for the North American Sprinter market until the sales, service and parts support responsibilities were absorbed by Chrysler Commercial Vehicle Division in 2004. Nearly all of the original staff were retained, though the base of operations shifted from North Carolina to Auburn Hills, Michigan. The remainder of DaimlerChrysler Vans LLC remained active in Huntersville as an engineering, upfitter certification and safety compliance resource in support of the Sprinter.

For 2003, DaimlerChrysler introduced a Dodge branded version of the Sprinter to the North American market. It was identical to the Freightliner Trucks version except for minor styling details and badging. Rather than redesign the aging Dodge Ram Van which had used the same basic body and layout since the 1970s and was discontinued in 2003, DaimlerChrysler chose to replace it with the Sprinter.

From 2001 until 2006, cargo van versions of the Sprinter were manufactured in Düsseldorf, Germany, partially disassembled and shipped to a facility in Gaffney, South Carolina where they were reassembled. The cargo versions, classified as light trucks, are subject to the 25% chicken tax if imported as a complete unit, which is avoided by the disassembly and subsequent reassembly. Passenger vans were not subject to the same tax classifications and were imported as an assembled unit through Mercedes-Benz in Jacksonville, Florida.

The cargo version of this model is re-assembled at a plant in Ladson, South Carolina which was previously used as an American LaFrance factory. Like its predecessor, the passenger version is imported as a complete unit. The previous reassembly facility in Gaffney, South Carolina continues to be used by Freightliner Custom Chassis Corporation. The second generation North American Sprinter is a complete redesign, with the W5A380 transmission being the only significant carryover part.

Japan[edit]

The Sprinter van was sold as the Mercedes-Benz Transporter T1N due to Toyota using the name on an upgraded Corolla.

Iran[edit]

The model 314 of the first generation is still assembled by Iran Khodro Diesel.[4] It is used as ambulance car.

Engines[edit]

models engine code configuration displacement Max. power max. torque
208 D
308 D
408 D
OM 601 inline four 8v SOHC 2,299 cc (140.3 cu in) 79 PS (58 kW; 78 hp) 152 N·m (112 lbf·ft)
210 D
310 D
410 D
OM 602 inline five 10v SOHC 2,874 cc (175.4 cu in) 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)
212 D
312 D
412 D
OM 602 inline five 10v SOHC 2,874 cc (175.4 cu in) 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
214
314
414
M 111 inline four 16v DOHC 2,295 cc (140.0 cu in) 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) 210 N·m (155 lbf·ft)

Fuel Economy[edit]

Model Roof Height Wheelbase Engine Manufacture Estimate Typical
2500 Standard Roof 114" 2.7L I5 OM 612/ OM 647 156 hp CDI Need Data
2500 High Roof 158" 2.7L I5 OM 612/ OM 647 156 hp CDI Need Data
2500 High Roof 158" 2.7L I5 OM 612/ OM 647 156 hp CDI Need Data
3500 High Roof 158" 2.7L I5 OM 612/ OM 647 156 hp CDI Need Data
3500 High Roof 158" 2.7L I5 OM 612/ OM 647 156 hp CDI Need Data

Second Generation[edit]

Second generation (906) NCV3
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter front 20081206.jpg
2008 Mercedes Sprinter
Overview
Also called Mercedes Benz Sprinter
Freightliner Sprinter
Dodge Sprinter (2007-2010)
Production 2006–present
2007-2010 & 2012-present (Argentina)
Designer Laurent Boulay
Body and chassis
Related Volkswagen Crafter (LT3)
Powertrain
Engine 2.1L I4 OM 646 CDI
3.0L V6 OM642 CDI
3.5L V6 M272
Transmission 6-speed manual
5-speed automatic 7-speed automatic
2008 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter rear

The second generation Sprinter (906) debuted in early 2007. Also known as the NCV3[5] or New Concept Van 3. The NCV3 appeared in Europe and in other countries in the 2006 model year. North America received its own NCV3 for the 2007 model year.[6]

The USA cargo version of the 906 NCV3 comes in two wheelbases options (144", 170"), two roof heights (standard 72.4", high 60.6"), four lengths (Short 233.3", Standard 274.2, Extended 289.8"), and two weight classes (2500, 3500)[7] where the 3500's have the option of dual rear wheels or rear super singles. Neither the 128in wheelbase nor the rear super single tires are available in the USA market. The USA cargo version are reassembled from kits in an assembly plant located in Ladson, South Carolina, while the passenger models are imported directly from Germany.

The second generation 906 was produced in Argentina only for export markets—except Mercosur markets (Brasil, Uruguay and Paraguay)—from 2007 until 2010, but in 2011 announced new production of the second generation in the Centro Industrial J. Manuel Fangio, in Buenos Aires[8] with the brand new OM 651 engine (also local made) and exported to the rest of America (including Mercosur markets). Since 2012, it is manufactured for the Mercosur and 40 other countries.

2013 update[edit]

Changes include the addition of new assistance systems (Crosswind Assist, COLLISION PREVENTION ASSIST (optional), Blind Spot Assist (optional), Highbeam Assist, Lane Keeping Assist), Euro VI emissions compliance, redesigned radiator grille, more angular headlights, new upholstery and seat coverings, thicker steering wheel, optional fresh air nozzles boast chrome applications, new-generation radio system.

Ordering began in June 2013, followed by deliveries in September 2013. Early models include ECO-Gear six-speed manual transmission or the 7G-TRONIC PLUS seven-speed automatic transmission with lock-up clutch.[9]

Sprinter 4x4[edit]

Early models include Sprinter 313/513 BlueTec 4x4, Sprinter 316/516 BlueTec 4x4, Sprinter 319/519 BlueTec 4x4.[10]

2014 Refresh[edit]

Mercedes-Benz Sprinter facelift
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter rear facelift

For the 2014 model year the Sprinter receives a more stylish and upright grille with Mercedes' signature 3 slat design. In an effort to make the Sprinter's fuel economy more competitive, North American models will get the 2.1L OM651 2-Stage turbo diesel engine[11] formerly only available overseas, while the 3.0L will be optional.[12] The 2.1L engine (in Europe also the 3.0 L) will be mated to a new 7 speed automatic transmission. A 1.8-liter supercharged I-4 gasoline engine mated to 6 and 7 speed automatics will also be added. The 2014 Sprinter will add several new driver assistance technologies including standard Crosswind Assist, optional Blind Spot Assist and Collision Prevention Assist, as well as Lane Keeping Assist and Highbeam Assist. The 2014 Sprinter will now feature LED running lights. Air suspension will be available on the 3500-series model.[13]

US models were set to go on sale in the first quarter of 2015 as 2015 model year vehicles. Early models included 144" and 170" wheelbases in low and high roof configurations, 5 body styles (Passenger Van, Crew Van (mixed 2-row passenger and cargo application), and Cargo Van (both 8,550 and 11,030 GVWRs)), 2 engine choice (4-cylinder BlueTEC (not available with 4x4), 3.0L V6 BlueTEC (exclusive 4x4 powertrain)).[14]

Engines[edit]

Diesel engines
Model Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
210 BlueTEC/310 BlueTEC/510 BlueTEC 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 two-stage turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)@3800, 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)@1400-2400
213 BlueTEC/313 BlueTEC/413 BlueTEC/513 BlueTEC 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 two-stage turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp)@3800, 305 N·m (225 lbf·ft)@1400-2400
216 BlueTEC/316 BlueTEC/416 BlueTEC/516 BlueTEC 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 two-stage turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp)@3800, 360 N·m (266 lbf·ft)@1400-2400
219 BlueTEC/319 BlueTEC/519 BlueTEC 2014- 2,987 cc (182.3 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp)@3800, 440 N·m (325 lbf·ft)@1600-2600

Uses[edit]

Mercedes-Benz Sprinter used as a police bus

The Sprinter is designed primarily for business, not private users, although recreational vehicle (RV) conversions are available. In the United States, the first generation Sprinters (2001–2006) were offered solely with the Mercedes-Benz 2.7 litre straight five cylinder turbocharged Diesel.

Companies are replacing van conversions with wide bus bodies—Sprinters with side-facing benches and tall right-side doors—as campus shuttles. Limited numbers of complete "wagons" (passenger vans) are being produced in Germany and shipped complete to the United States mostly for personal and church van uses. Typical Sprinter Wagons accommodate 8 to 10 passengers and have glass in all possible factory positions. Vans shipped to the United States on-spec (speculation to sell by dealer/distributor) are mostly sent in Arctic White color, but many colors are available. The Dodge dealer network for Sprinters is limited to certified locations (known as "Business Link" certified dealers, usually only awarded to "Five Star" certified dealers), and dealer knowledge is still limited in both sales and service. Special orders typically take one to three months for delivery, and may take even longer due to the assembly and dis-assembly in Germany, and exporting parts to South Carolina for re-assembly. The exception is passenger van models which are assembled in Germany and exported as complete vehicles.[citation needed]

Dodge Sprinter 2500 (US)
Freightliner Sprinter (US)

In North America, most Sprinters are sold as cargo vans to expediters in the United States. Such expediters are similar to truck drivers, except they take smaller loads and will wait after unloading until dispatchers find another customer nearby to transport goods. The advent of the Sprinter van with its cargo space of 13-1/2 feet (4.1 m) has allowed van expediters to take three 48 x 48 in (1.22 x 1.22 m) skids or pallets, where previously they were limited to a capacity of two pallets A Sprinter is capable of hauling approximately 3000 lb (1360 kg) of cargo.

The vehicle has been adopted by the police in Hong Kong and as an ambulance by countries in Western Europe, Scandinavia, Australia and New Zealand. The 515 CDI has become the standard ambulance for use by the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom.

Another market in which Sprinters are gaining ground is as van conversions and recreational vehicles. Conversions include RV's, limousines, family and luxury vans, office vans, wheelchair accessible vans and golf vans. Sprinter RV conversions can also be called Sprinter campervans. Sprinter conversions have been produced by several RV and coach manufacturers. Chilled box versions of the Sprinter currently make up the majority of the supermarket Home Delivery fleet across the UK, but demand for these vans has begun to decline. ASDA recently announced that it's new fleet would be primarily custom IVECO vans, following in the footsteps of Tesco. Mercedes are currently working with Waitrose Home Delivery, who currently use chilled LWB HR Sprinters, on a prototype of a new generation home-delivery van, which is currently being used in select stores, aiming to cut emissions, costs and increase time-efficiency.

Despite not being marketed as a family vehicle, a custom-modified Dodge-branded Sprinter was used by the ten-member Gosselin family, the subjects of the TLC reality series Jon & Kate Plus 8.[15]

In Colombia the Sprinter is the most popular van for intercity transport. The Sprinter was famous for the case of son of former President Julio Cesar Turbay, Julio Cesar Turbay, Jr. in public employ like "Contralor of Republic" had an Scandal for bought a Mercedes Sprinter with luxury accessories.[16]

A Mercedes Sprinter was the vehicle used by Mike and Frank on The History Channel reality series American Pickers until Season 6.[17]

Sprinter City Minibus Variant[edit]

A Mercedes-Benz Sprinter City 77 minibus

The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter City minibus variant has been in production since 1995 and is marketed through EvoBus. There are three sizes, Sprinter City 35, 65 and 77, which seat from 10 to 16 passengers; including standing passengers, these versions can accommodate 22 to 40 passengers. The 77 variant has a low floor throughout and a third pair of wheels at the rear.[18]

Engines[edit]

For engine choices, the Sprinter is currently offered with inline four and V-6 cylinder diesel engines; V-6 cylinder petrol/gasoline; or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) engines in Europe, Asia, Australia and South America. In North America, only the six cylinder 3.0 litre turbodiesel and six cylinder 3.5 litre gasoline engines are offered. In Brazil, between 1998 to 2002, are used a Maxion/Rover HSD Diesel engine, with 2,5Lt. The versions are 310D with 95PS (Turbo Diesel) and 312D, with 115PS (Turbo Diesel Intercooler).

An electric hybrid version has been tested, but is not currently officially part of the Sprinter range.[19][20][21][22]

2000–2006 (2002–2006 USA)[edit]

A model 308 D adapted for use as a postbus in Austria (2008)
models engine code configuration displacement max. power max. torque
208 CDI
308 CDI
408 CDI
OM 611 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) 200 N·m (148 lbf·ft)
211 CDI
311 CDI
411 CDI
OM 611 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) 270 N·m (199 lbf·ft)
213 CDI
313 CDI
413 CDI
OM 611 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)
216 CDI
316 CDI
416 CDI
616 CDI
OM 612 /
OM 647
inline five 20v DOHC 2,685 cc (163.8 cu in) 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) 330 N·m (243 lbf·ft)
214
314
414
M 111 inline four 16v DOHC 2,295 cc (140.0 cu in) 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) 210 N·m (155 lbf·ft)

2006–present (2007–2010 USA)[edit]

models engine code configuration displacement max. power max. torque
209 CDI
309 CDI
509 CDI
OM 646 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft)
211 CDI
311 CDI
411 CDI
511 CDI
OM 646 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
213 CDI
313 CDI
OM 646 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) 305 N·m (225 lbf·ft)
215 CDI
315 CDI
415 CDI
515 CDI
216 CDI
316 CDI
516 CDI
OM 646 inline four 16v DOHC 2,148 cc (131.1 cu in) 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 330 N·m (243 lbf·ft)
218 CDI
318 CDI
418 CDI
518 CDI
319 CDI
519 CDI
OM 642 V6 24v DOHC 2,987 cc (182.3 cu in) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
224
324
424
524
M 272 V6 24v DOHC 3,498 cc (213.5 cu in) 258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)

The Sprinter is also available as the 316/416/516 NGT - Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).[23]

In 2010,[when?] Dodge lost its contract to sell Sprinters in USA/Canada and a subset of Mercedes-Benz dealers gained that franchise, and the OM646 4-cylinder diesel engine was replaced by more powerful OM651 4-cylinder diesel engine.[citation needed] Despite the brand change, Sprinters sold in the United States still lack many popular options that are available in Europe, including 4 wheel drive, Command Navigation System,electric sliding doors, and keyless entry (which senses the presence of the key fob and automatically opens a sliding door).

Sprinter model range[edit]

The model designations for the first generation Sprinter are W901, W902, W903, W904 and W905, depending on the gross weight rating.

  • Passenger van
  • Conversion van
  • Cargo van
  • Minibus
  • Cab-chassis

Media[edit]

The Sprinter can be seen as a background vehicle in the Disney-Pixar movie Cars 2. The Dodge Sprinter was the van used in Joss Whedon's series 'Dollhouse.' Mike and Frank from American Pickers used a Sprinter 2500 from 2010-2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sprinter Fertigung in China - Ralfs Mercedes-Benz Forum". Db-forum.de. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  2. ^ http://www.ikd-co.com/Gallery.aspx
  3. ^ http://www.vantrader.org/Pages/MercedesSprinterModels.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.ikd-co.com/Gallery.aspx
  5. ^ "Is a Sprinter the Right Van for You". Cheap RV Living Blog. 2013-04-01. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  6. ^ "Sprinter - Sprinter-Wiki". Sprinter-Source.com. 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  7. ^ "Sprinter Cargo Van Specifications". Sprinter USA. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Argentina festejó sus 60 años con el anuncio de la nueva Sprinter". Autoblog.com.ar. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  9. ^ The new Mercedes-Benz Sprinter - Mercedes-Benz Sprinter: Now even safer, greener, more economical, and more attractive
  10. ^ The new Mercedes-Benz Sprinter 4x4 - Hot on ice: The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter 4x4 - all-wheel-drive van for professional applications
  11. ^ "Cargo Van Model Range". Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Williams, Mark. "2014 Refreshed Sprinter Van Is Ready to Take All Comers". Pickuptrucks.com. Cars.com. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  13. ^ Sanchez, Edward. "2014 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter First Look. Major Powertrain Updates Prep Benz's Van for Stiffer Competition". Truck Trend magazine. Truck Trend. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  14. ^ Mercedes-Benz bringing Sprinter 4x4 to US
  15. ^ "Really Big Vans for Really Big Families". MotherProof.com. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  16. ^ "La costosa camioneta del Contralor" (in Spanish). El Espectador. 26 Jan 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  17. ^ "The American Pickers Van". History.com. Retrieved 2010-03-29. 
  18. ^ Sprinter City 77 page on Mercedes-Benz UK website, viewed 2013-02-21
  19. ^ Kanellos, Michael. "The greening of the city bus | CNET News.com". News.com.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  20. ^ "Freightliner Sprinter website". Fl-sprinter.com. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  21. ^ "UK Sprinter website". .mercedes-benz.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  22. ^ "Dodge Sprinter website". Dodge.com. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  23. ^ "The new Sprinter: jack-of-all-trades | Daimler Global Media Site - Heritage - Mercedes-Benz Vans". Media.daimler.com. 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 

External links[edit]

Press kit: