Dodgeville, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Dodgeville (town), Wisconsin.
Dodgeville
City
Motto: At the heart of it all
Dodgeville is located in Wisconsin
Dodgeville
Dodgeville
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 42°57′48″N 90°7′52″W / 42.96333°N 90.13111°W / 42.96333; -90.13111Coordinates: 42°57′48″N 90°7′52″W / 42.96333°N 90.13111°W / 42.96333; -90.13111
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Iowa
Government
 • Mayor Todd Novak
Area[1]
 • City 3.89 sq mi (10.08 km2)
 • Land 3.89 sq mi (10.08 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 4,693
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,690
 • Density 1,206.4/sq mi (465.8/km2)
 • Metro 561,505 (88th)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 608
Website http://www.cityofdodgeville.com
Looking south at the intersection of US 18 with WIS 23 in Dodgeville

Dodgeville is a city in and the county seat of Iowa County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 4,698 at the 2010 census, making it the most populous city in the county. Dodgeville is part of the Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area. it is the sixth oldest European settlement in the state.[citation needed] Its sister city is Oakham, Rutland, United Kingdom.

History[edit]

In 1827, Henry Dodge, his family, and about 40 miners began what would become the city of Dodgeville.[4] Dodge made a pact with the local Winnebago Indian leaders so he could build a cabin and smelter. The original community was made up of three separate settlements: "Dodgeville", "Dirty Hollow" and "Minersville".[4]

Dodgeville, which was named after Dodge,[5] grew slowly during its early years. It was incorporated as a village in the 1840s.[citation needed] Later a small "war" was fought with Mineral Point over which community would become the seat of Iowa County. At the time, Mineral Point was the seat, but Dodgeville residents felt they should have it. Dodgeville eventually won the "war" and Wisconsin's oldest county courthouse.[citation needed] Dodgeville then saw a population boom, and it became a center for mining. Miners from England flooded the city, and the area flourished. British and Cornish architecture is still visible in the city today. Dodgeville became the largest city in Wisconsin at the time as well as most of the Midwest north or St. Louis, and west of Cincinnati.[citation needed] The community's boom didn't last long though, and with the decline of mining its population was overtaken by rapidly growing cities like Chicago and Milwaukee. Several factors led to the decline in importance of mining, including the Black Hawk War, the California Gold Rush of 1849, the Civil War, and the emergence of farming, leading to Dodgeville's development as a business and agricultural center. Today the city is most commonly known for being the headquarters for the apparel company Lands' End.

Historical sites[edit]

Dodge Mining Camp Cabin

Dodge Mining Camp Cabin[edit]

This mining cabin, originally built circa 1828, is representative of the housing constructed by lead diggers at "Dodge's Camp" - the original lead mining claim of Colonel Henry Dodge and family. The Iowa County Historical Society restored the cabin and moved it to its present location on Fountain Street. It is one of Wisconsin's oldest structures and may be the last extant mining camp cabin from the days of the "Lead Rush" of 1827-1830.[citation needed]

Sprang's Opera House[edit]

The Opera House was built in the early stages of Dodgeville's development. It was demolished during the 1990s to build a convenience store.

Downtown[edit]

Downtown Dodgeville's historic buildings stretch six blocks along north and south Iowa Street.

Geography[edit]

Dodgeville is located at 42°57′48″N 90°7′52″W / 42.96333°N 90.13111°W / 42.96333; -90.13111 (42.963373, -90.131161).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.89 square miles (10.08 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,693 people, 1,965 households, and 1,229 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,206.4 inhabitants per square mile (465.8 /km2). There were 2,117 housing units at an average density of 544.2 per square mile (210.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.3% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 1,965 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 37.8 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 4,220 people, 1,751 households, and 1,131 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,178.5 people per square mile (455.1/km²). There were 1,831 housing units at an average density of 511.3 per square mile (197.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.06% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,751 households of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34, and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males

The median income for a household in the city was $41,615, and the median income for a family was $50,755. Males had a median income of $32,738 versus $24,047 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,962. About 2.7% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The foundations for the Iowa County Courthouse were laid in 1859, making it the state's oldest continuously active courthouse.[4]

The mayor of Dodgeville is Todd D. Novak.

Economy[edit]

Dodgeville was designated a National Mainstreet Program in 1991.[8]

As the seat of an agricultural county, the city's economy provides services for farmers. Dodgeville Agri-Service, Hennessey Implement, and Farmers' Saving Bank are several of the more important businesses in the city.

Dodgeville is home to the corporate headquarters of Lands' End, a global catalog and internet merchant of apparel and home products. Lands' End employs 6,000 people in its Dodgeville headquarters.

Dodgeville's original Wal-Mart, the second oldest in the state, was shuttered in favor of a Super-Center on January 19, 2007.

Education[edit]

The Dodgeville School District serves students from Dodgeville and the village of Ridgeway and comprises four schools - two elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. One elementary school is located in Dodgeville, with the other in Ridgeway. The Dodgeville school covers pre-K through 4th grade, while the Ridgeway school also has a 5th grade. The middle school serves grades 6 through 8, and the high school 9 through 12.

The Dodgeville school district sports teams are known by the name of Dodgeville Dodgers, with the letter D used as the team symbol.

St. Joseph's Catholic school serves students in Kindergarten through 8th grade.

In the metropolitan building downtown SWATC adult education classes are offered.

Media[edit]

Dodgeville's weekly newspaper is the Dodgeville Chronicle, published every Wednesday. With a circulation of about 5,300, the newspaper serves Dodgeville and surrounding communities such as Highland, Linden, and Mineral Point.

Dodgeville is also served by the Wisconsin State Journal, published in Madison, and the Dubuque Telegraph Herald, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, and Chicago Tribune.

Recreation[edit]

Military Ridge State Trail is a 40-mile (64 km) trail that runs from Dodgeville to Fitchburg, Wisconsin following the former Chicago and Northwestern Railroad paths (MRT). It is used for hiking, bicycling, snowmobiling, and cross country skiing.

Governor Dodge State Park is located on Highway 23, about 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Dodgeville.

Events[edit]

Every summer Dodgeville holds a "Farmer Appreciation Day" featuring a parade down Dodgeville's Iowa Street and a festival in Harris Park. The event, which takes place the third weekend of July, serves as a way for the people of Dodgeville to show appreciation for the farmers who are the backbone of the local economy. The parade features farming implements, fire trucks and ambulances, and floats constructed by area churches and businesses. The festival features cold BBQ sandwiches, music, rides, tractor pulls, and fireworks.

Every August, Lands' End hosts a four-day clearance sale in the Harris Park pavilion, drawing visitors in search of bargains.

Health care[edit]

In 1974, St. Joseph's Hospital and Dodgeville General Hospital merged to form Memorial Hospital In 2001, Memorial Hospital changed its name to Upland Hills Health Center. Later other structures were added to the hospital, which were eventually demolished to build the much larger existing Upland Hills Health Center. The Center now comprises a clinic, rehabilitation center, nursing home, and hospital. It is the largest hospital in southwestern Wisconsin,[citation needed] serving all of Iowa county.

Transportation[edit]

Dodgeville Municipal Airport The Dodgeville Municipal airport, built in 1967, was originally known as the Governor Dodge Quinn airport but was renamed Dodgeville Airport. Closed in 1989, it reopened as a private airport.

The Iowa County Taxi is a van that serves Dodgeville on Wednesdays and Fridays.

Lamers Bus provides transportation from Green Bay to Dubuque, stopping in downtown Dodgeville.

Dodgeville Expressway, U.S. Highway 151, U.S. Highway 18, Wisconsin Highway 23 pass through the city.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  4. ^ a b c Johnson, Cindy (August 18, 1999). "Dodgeville History". Wisconsin Local History Network. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 107. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]