|Zone||Mirab Arsi Zone|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Dodola is a town in southeastern Ethiopia. Located in the Mirab Arsi Zone of the Oromia Region, this town has a latitude and longitude of , with an elevation ranging from 2362 to 2493 meters above sea level. It is the administrative center of Dodola woreda.
Arnold Weinholt Hodson passed through Dodola when he was the British resident in southern Ethiopia (1914-1923). The Italian Guida described Dodola in 1938 as a town with an important market in an area rich in resources of agriculture and forest, and having 150 inhabitants. The Guida further mentioned the village church of Kidane Mihret as a notable landmark.
The Ethiopian Ministry of Education gave permission on 21 March 1949 to a group of Danish missionaries to establish a station at Dodola, but due to funding issues the mission was not started until 1952. The mission included a school and a clinic. Over the following years the station had a constant problem with retaining staff, but by 1971 it had secured support from the Lutheran World Federation.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Dodola has an estimated total population of 24,767 of whom 12,444 are men and 12,323 are women. The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 13,847 of whom 6,749 were men and 7,098 were women.