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|Foliage and flowers|
Dodonaea viscosa is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae, that has a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia.
D. viscosa is a shrub growing to 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) tall, rarely a small tree to 9 m (30 ft) tall. The leaves are simple elliptical, 4–7.5 cm (1.6–3.0 in) long and 1–1.5 cm (0.39–0.59 in) broad, alternate in arrangement, and secrete a resinous substance. The flowers are yellow to orange-red and produced in panicles about 2.5 cm (0.98 in) in length. The fruit is a capsule 1.5 cm (0.59 in) broad, red ripening brown, with two to four wings.
The common name "hopbush" is used for D. viscosa specifically but also for the genus as a whole.
Australian common names include: broad leaf hopbush, candlewood, giant hopbush, narrow leaf hopbush, sticky hopbush, native hop bush, soapwood, switchsorrel, wedge leaf hopbush, and native hop.
Additional common names include: ʻaʻaliʻi, as well as ‘a‘ali‘i-ku ma kua and ‘a‘ali‘i ku makani in the Hawaiian language language; akeake (New Zealand); lampuaye (Guam); mesechelangel (Palau); chirca (Uruguay, Argentina); romerillo (Sonora, Mexico); jarilla (Southern Mexico); hayuelo (Colombia); ch'akatea (Bolivia); casol caacol (Seri).
The cultivar 'Purpurea', with purple foliage, is widely grown as a garden shrub.
Subspecies and synonyms
- D. viscosa subsp. angustifolia (L.f.) J.G.West
- D. viscosa subsp. angustissima (DC.) J.G.West
- D. viscosa subsp. burmanniana (DC.) J.G.West
- D. viscosa subsp. cuneata (Sm.) J.G.West
- D. viscosa subsp. mucronata J.G.West
- D. viscosa subsp. spatulata (Sm.) J.G.West
- D. viscosa (L.) Jacq. subsp. viscosa
- D. eriocarpa Sm.
- D. sandwicensis Sherff
- D. stenocarpa Hillebr.
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|Wikispecies has information related to: Dodonaea viscosa|
- "Dodonaea viscosa Jacq.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-04-08. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Selvam, V. (2007). "Trees and Shrubs of the Maldives" (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "ʻAʻaliʻi" (PDF). Common Forest Trees of Hawaii. United States Forest Service. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Robson, P. J. 1993. Checklist of Australian Trees.
- Felger, R. S. and M. B. Moser, 1985, People of the Desert and Sea. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.
- Medeiros, A. C.; C.F. Davenport; C.G. Chimera (1998). Auwahi: Ethnobotany of a Hawaiian Dryland Forest (PDF). Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.
- "Dodonaea viscosa". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- Germplasm Resources Information Network: Dodonaea viscosa
- USDA Plants Profile: Dodonaea viscosa
- Plants of Hawaii: Dodonaea viscosa (numerous photos)
- Bermuda Dept. of Conservation Services page for Dodonaea viscosa
- Dodonaea viscosa in West African plants - A Photo Guide.